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6

These are three example verses of the poem that are considered dangerously close to Shirk or even Shirk itself:- O noblest of creation, I have no one but you to turn to except you when major calamity strikes. You don't need to be Salafi to see a problem with this verse. Fatiha itself is enough to tell you that a Muslim only asks for help from Allah: It is ...


6

What is hulool Shortly one could say hulool الحلول is incarnation. It means that one thing is absorbed or incarnated in an other thing by a complete mixing. It's usually an expression used by those who pretend that Allah may incarnate in one of his creations and be unified with it. (See also this fatwa in Arabic) This is one of the esoteric terms of '...


6

First of all, I want to establish that Islam is not a religion of superstitions. We concern ourselves with the divine only when it is explicitly explained to us in the Quran or the Hadith. There is the concept of a spirit/soul in Islam. Every person has a soul inside of him, but we know very little about it and can never know any more: وَيَسأَلونَكَ عَنِ ...


5

If you wish to learn Sufi, then find a Sheikh/Maulana/Habib who follows the Sufi order. Or their Mureed that could lead you to meet their Sheikh. Reading a book is just like you studying about Makkah year after year which will never want to you to get close to it. So, you never know what is the feeling when you go there. Sufism teaches to keep a clean ...


4

I'm far away from being deep into Sufism, so maybe I'm wrong but I'm taking the words literally from your post (an-nafs or the soul in Arabic is النفس): Nafs-i-ammara النفس الأمّارة (the depraved, commanding nafs) (12:53) And I do not acquit myself (النفس my nafs). Indeed, the soul (النفس) is a persistent enjoiner (أمّارة) of evil, except those upon ...


3

In the sunni tradition Allah's greatest name اسْمُ اللَّهِ الأَعْظَمُ (Ism-u Allah-I al-a'dham) is quoted in several ahadith, but it is a disputable matter: The Greatest Name of Allah, if He is called by which He will respond, is in three Surah: Al-Baqarah, Al 'Imran and Ta-Ha. (Hasan)Another chain for something similar from Al-Qasim, from Abu Umamah, ...


3

Ismul Azam, literally "the Greatest Name" is a name of Allah. Among its virtues, it is said that when a person with the proper disposition uses this name to supplicate to Allah then Allah grants whatever the supplicant asks for. This is usually mentioned in the Tafsirs of the story of Prophet Solomon and the throne of the Queen of Sheba [27:38-40] : قال ...


3

This doesn't answer your 3 questions sufficiently,, but addresses all of them: On Abdul Qadir al-Jilani and one of his works Abdul Qadir al-jili, al-Jilani or al-Kilani عبد القادر الجيلي أو الجيلاني أو الكيلاني is the author of a book with a similar title called al-Ghunya li talibi tariq al-Haqq (meanings: the sufficient for those who want to seek the path ...


3

Sufism is the practice of Tasawuff. It's focused on the practice of Tazkiya/Ihsan and the remembrance of Allah. There is no doubt that Tazkiya/Ihsan is a core part of Islam. Refer to the Gabriel Hadith where it is explicitly stated. And refer to the Prophet's (PBUH) Sunnah where he demonstrates this over and over. Is there Bid'ah/Innovation in some Sufi ...


3

There are a few verses in the qur'an that create a confusion and which caused a difference of opinion among theologians, sectarians etc. Among these verse you may find the three verses you've quoted in your question. A deeper look into "breathed into him of My soul وَنَفَخْتُ فِيهِ مِنْ رُوحِي" This statement as provided in your question has been repeated ...


3

There is a certain delicacy when Quran speaks about Allah. I think Surah Tawhid is a great measure. Specifically و لم یکن له کفوا احد. If our spirit was of the same essence of Allah then we could countering Allah in that aspect. From the book of Al-kafi: From Imam Al-Sadiq: الصّادق (علیه السلام)- عَنِ الْأَحْوَلِ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَاعَبْدِاللَّهِ (...


3

Sufism is more of a denominator for a specific approach to Islam. This approach can be found in the teachings of Sunni as well as Shia. Check the site of the Halal Monk for conversations with different spiritual leaders and artists of the Muslim world. Some of them are rooted in the Sufi tradition but sometimes they're Sunni, sometimes they're Shia.


3

I should first thank you for bringing up a comparative religion question. I believe these questions help us broaden our perspective and eliminate the "all-other-religions-are-totally-wrong" mentality that occupies the minds of average followers of religions, and open up our eyes upon a lot of valuable spiritual wisdom that all world religions, even the non-...


3

It depends on the reason you are interested in the topic. If you want to get a high level understanding then there are books like Henry Corbin's book History of Islamic Philosophy. I personally found the book quite interesting. I think such books by academics are a better source to learn about Sufi thoughts. On the other hand, if you want to have a deeper ...


3

The problem is there are complexities on both sides of the question and the more we get into details the complications increase. Sufism is a vast heritage made of doctrines, practices, styles, figures and tariqas, with some shared and overlapping and with some other peculiar and unique. But to keep things simple, if we take Sufism to be a focus on Islamic ...


2

Its based on the fact that each individual is not possibly able on his own to take decision on the matters of Islam. Because then that will get him closer to iblees. As iblees is the one who made first self opinion on dheen. (that he is better than Adam (a.s) coz, he is made of fire, and Adam (a.s) is made of mud) So, basically according to what the Imams ...


2

I think it's more like: the sheikh is a spiritual guide that will, through some a'maal (like reading tasbih, quran, meditation, etc.), help you to become a better muslim. A good metaphor is : to go from point A (where you are) to point B (closer to Allah's pleasure), you can use a map (quraan and ahaadith) or take a guide (sheikh). But remember that you ...


2

There are 6 writers with Muslim background, whose hymns are incorporated in Guru Granth Sahib, whom Sikhs call Bhagats(Devotee): 1) Devotee Kabir 2) Devotee Sheikh Fareed 3) Devotee Sadhana Qasai 4) Devotee Satta Dum 5) Devotee Balwand Rai 6) Devotee Bhikhan Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Writers_of_Guru_Granth_Sahib


2

Salaam! This is rightly a very sensitive issue! It is true that misconception of the doctrine of omnipresence leads to blasphemous assumptions like equating God with creation. But it's a faulty approach to try to do away with an apparently blasphemous statement by selectively quoting Quranic verses. Because just as one can highlight some verses to indicate ...


2

All these concepts except the last are literally mentioned in the Quran. But although the seventh concept is not literally mentioned, its meaning and significance is present in the Quran. Nafs-i-ammara (the depraved, commanding nafs) is mentioned in 12:53 Nafs-i-lawwama (accusing or reproaching nafs) is mentioned in 75:2 Nafs-i-mulhama (the inspirednafs) ...


2

if there is some guide or advise once I am aware that I am "inside" a dervish dream. This article pretty much defines most of Dreams and dream interpretation how to prepare oneself to the state of "openness" previous to a dervish dream to appear May be not dervish, but, preparing oneself for a truthful dream, as suggested in the article, be truthful in ...


2

The multiplicity or کثرة has many levels in Sufi theology and, yes, it is first and foremost expressed in Divine names. The Divine Names are qualities or attributes that emanate from the Godhead. When used in adjective forms they are called names. For example 'knowledge' is a Divine attribute but 'knowledgeable' is a Divine name in that it can be used to ...


2

In mainstream culture, a langar is normally associated with the religion of Sikhism . As per wikipedia, it is a community meal from the Sikh community kitchen in a Gurdwara where a free meal is served to all the visitors, without distinction of religion, caste, gender, economic status or ethnicity. The free meal is always vegetarian. People sit on the floor, ...


2

No! Each and every hadith attributed to the Shia Imams (علیهم السلام) condemning Sufism are proven forgeries. The origin of all these hadiths is an apocryphal work, named Hadiqatu sh-Shia attributed to Muqddas Ardabili, a 10th century hijri Shia scholar. There is a big controversy about this attribution. Some say the book has been originally the book ...


2

Tasawwuf is a heart related knowledge. This is very important knowledge and way. Pure sufism is not sin and shirk. You should identify who is that sufi. Avoiding to follow incorrect way, you should start tasawwuf with ilm(knowledge).


1

Ibn Farhun ابن فرحون al-Maliki in his list or short biography's of maliki scholars called ad-Dibaj al-Mudhahab fi ma'rfifati a'ayan 'ulama' al-Madhhab الديباج المذهب في معرفة أعيان علماء المذهب which is one of the latest biographies of Maliki scholars the author became qadi at Medina 793 a.H. and died there 799 a.H. listed a few books ibn 'Ata' Allah has ...


1

I got this from a website: Existing in both Sunni and Shia Islam, Sufism is not a sect, as is sometimes assumed,but a method of approaching or a way of understanding Islam which strives to take the regular practice of the religion to the "supererogatory level"through simultaneously "fulfilling ... [the obligatory] religious duties" and finding a "way and a ...


1

You write: “From these numbers I could derive vague approximations for how many Sufis are also Sunnis and/or Shiites”. I do not understand how (purely statistically) you could do this. Perhaps you could explain. Most Sufis consider themselves to be followers of one or another of the law schools (madhāhib), either Sunni or Shi’i. In Egypt and North Africa (...


1

In the scholarly works on Irfan that I have studied, I have not seen any discussion underlining specific connections between the two terms. The two concepts are also discussed under two different and relatively distant fields of Islamic sciences. Nafs as human soul is discussed mainly in philosophical works concerning the nature of human consciousness, and ...


1

Nowadays, the pirs are not as in the past. Not all, but some of them are on right path of Islam. Pirs are the spiritual mentors who connect one's heart to Allah almighty through dhiker asn wadaifs. When pupils do dhiker in front of their pir, pir give spiritual benefits. To them it's spirituality. One must have to find kamil pir and do bayat on his hands. ...


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