Before joining a Tarikat, I did tauwbah with a Sufi man (I decided not to join a Sufi tarikat).
I am confused if this is a sin or shirk since I’m not sure if this belongs in Sunnah?
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Sufism is an Islamic practise. It is a practise that has not been established by the Prophet (p.b.u.h). Some people consider it therefore bidah (haram).
The Sufi themselves consider Tasawwuf a inner part of Islam, founded on Sunnah, e.g. here, as exercises forming the character.
Many Sunni scholars accept or support sufi practises (mustahabb) if it is well-done.
In any sense, Sufism is not shirk, as Sufi do all in true belief and worship only Allah.