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A Shia Muslim living in Islamic Republic of Iran.

I'm inspired by and owe my Islamic faith entirely to Persian Muslim philosophers and mystics whose successive contributions to Islamic thought reached an evolutionary climax in the 17th century in School of Transcendent Philosophy of Mulla Sadra. Mulla Sadra infused various distinct intellectual traditions (Theological, Peripatetic, Illuminationist, Neoplatonic and gnostic) into an innovative consistent philosophical system that solved many intricate philosophical questions of his time: the nature of existence and God, the nature of human knowledge, the nature of motion, the nature of life after death, etc.


Some aspects of my theist philosophy explained:

God corresponds to the 'good' and 'existing' side of everything, and this side makes up the unified, simple, undifferentiated, limitless and all-perfect totality of the Divine essence. So whatever that really is is good, and whatever evil that there is, does, in fact, emanate from non-existence! So there's no evil in the universe except for some lack of existence! And since God is 'all existence' and 'altogether existence' he is infinitely good! And as such:

"He is the First and the Last, the Evident and the Concealed; and it is He Who knows all things." (The Holy Quran, 57:3)

So evil and imperfection emanate from creation for all creation has deficit in existence:

"What comes to you of good is from God; and what comes to you of ill is from your own self. We have sent you as apostle to all mankind; and God is sufficient as witness." (4:79)

But God has (is) the perfect whole of whatever that exists down here only in a partial quantity or low quality:

"And there is not a thing, but with Us are the stores thereof. And We send it not down except in a known measure." (15:21)

And it follows that the creation itself reflects God's existence to the contemplative observer:

"We will show Our signs to them in the horizons of the external world and within themselves, until it becomes clear to them that it's the truth. Is your Lord not sufficient? He is a witness over all things." (41:53)

Ultimately, if we want greater shares of existence and goodness, we need to liberate ourselves from the bonds of this low imperfect world:

"Whatsoever you have been given is only this life's merchandise; but what is with Allah is better and more lasting for those who believe and place their trust in their Lord." (42:36)

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