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13

It's the shahadah written in square Kufic calligraphy. Since the image provided is so blurry, here's a clearer version: The colored arrows on the second image indicate the direction it's supposed to be read: Red→Green→Blue→Purple→Orange. For ease of reading, here's a similar rendering — also square Kufic, although using a ...


13

Contradictory to what you say, Ka'bah is not a mere building, it is a house of worship. Rather, it is the first ever place of worship the mankind was allotted. Indeed, the first House [of worship] established for mankind was that at Makkah - blessed and a guidance for the worlds. Qur'an 3:96. Most importantly, Allah has called it "My House" in the ...


11

Facing towards Mecca (specifically, the Kaaba) reasonably accurately is one of the conditions for ritual prayers ("salah" - this includes the obligatory five daily prayers, voluntary ritual prayers, funeral prayers, and holiday prayers) to be considered valid - islamQA is a simple and quick reference for this. The same ruling can be found in the shafi'i work ...


10

In order to answer this question, one may use the quote by Nuru'd-din Bin Sabbagh Maliki (or the similar ones mentioned here) stating that Ali(a.s.) was born inside the Ka'ba and this was unique to him alone. Nuru'd-din Bin Sabbagh Maliki in his Fusulu'l- Muhimma, Fasl I, p.14: "No one before Ali was born in the Ka'ba. This was a distinction given to ...


9

In the name of Allah 1 . At first I should say that Tavaf does not mean the worshiping idol. if respecting to something means the idolatry so the ones who respect each other , are the idolater . Moreover this is an order from Allah and thus it has especial philosophy for itself. Tavaf (I mean circling the Kaaba ) is for receiving mercy and forgiveness ...


9

Salah (ritual act of worship) is always performed while facing towards the Kaaba (few exceptions in extraordinary circumstances: source). Dua(personal invocations to God) and Zikr(uttering phrases to remember and praise God) may be done while facing in any direction.


8

The source of the sounds (vocal organ) of the alphabetical letters ‘b’ and ‘m’ is one and the same: the lips. So by the passage of time ‘Makkah’ replaced ‘Bakkah’. It can thus be appreciated that the original and ancient name of the place was ‘Bakkah’. In the Quran when it is mentioned as a place of the ancient times (3:96) it has been named as ‘...


8

There are a number of hadiths about the Black Stone. The Black Stone was sent down by Allah(SUBH) to this earth from Paradise. It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The Black Stone came down from Paradise.” - Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 877. The Stone was whiter than milk, but ...


7

How can I say that God will protect Kaaba...? The simple answer is, you can't. Unless He has actually revealed that He will protect the Kaaba, there's no reason at all to say that He will. God is, of course, all powerful. Obviously, it is thus easy for Him to protect His House, as demonstrated in Surat al-Fil, but it is also just as easy for Him not to ...


6

The fundamental wisdom that can resolve all such questions (i.e. charges of shirk in cases when certain objects are involved in worship) is that it is in essence impossible to worship Allah without these means and intermediaries. But these means and intermediaries are very very diverse, from words, actions and gestures that you use to pray to Allah (chants,...


6

As your source states, there is no definitive text to prohibit pointing your feet toward the qiblah. However, and this is a major principle in the science of usool al-fiqh - 'urf (custom) determines the law. So if you live in a society or come from a background wherein pointing your feet at something is considered derogatory or insulting to that object, then ...


5

It does not serve any religious reasons as far as I know, and is basically an act of respect dating to before the Prophet's time. Even the polytheists of Makkah regarded the Ka'aba with great respect, and took great pride in beautifying it. This included draping it with fine cloth, and at one time adorning it with copies of the day's greatest poems (known as ...


5

I am unable to validate the authenticity of this picture. However, it has been reported by the sahabi Anas ibn Malik that the prophet Ibrahim's footprints had already been worn out (from people touching it) in his time. This was 1400 years ago, so I doubt that there are any of the original markings left in this day and age. Anas bin Malik's report is ...


5

In the name of Allah the compassionate the merciful Ali was born on the 13th of Rajab of the 30th year of the Elephant (A.D. 600). His cousin, Muhammad, was now 30 years old. Ali's parents were Abu Talib ibn Abdul Muttalib, and Fatima, the daughter of Asad, both of the clan of Hashim (1). Masoodi Which is entitled as the herodotus of arabs writes ...


4

According to a logical principle, it is mandatory for Muslims to keep the revere (respect) of Kaaba. Actually whatever leads to disrespect the Kaaba (or to decreases its hugeness,) could be Haram. Since for instance if some groups build a tower or building taller than Kaaba (around it), hence rationally it could reduce the magnitude of Kaaba (at its apparent)...


4

The different saying according to Tabari, related to that verse: كانوا يطوفون بالبيت عُراة They (the pagans) used to go around Kabah naked. كان قبيلة من العرب من أهل اليمن يطوفون بالبيت عراة A tribe from The Yemen Arabs used to go around Kabah naked كان نساؤهم يطفن بالبيت عراة، Their women used to go around Kabah naked In Tafsir ...


4

This was a custom of the pagans to perform Tawaf around the Kaabah while naked. The verses of the Quran that outlaw this practise include: Quran 7:31 O children of Adam, take your adornment at every masjid, and eat and drink, but be not excessive. Indeed, He likes not those who commit excess. Quran 7:32 Say, "Who has forbidden the adornment of ...


4

I doubt this was the case as the verses below indicate that how Adam was forgiven and no mention is made of the black stone in this context: And We said, "O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat therefrom in [ease and] abundance from wherever you will. But do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers(2:35) But Satan ...


3

AWW, Allah says in the quran: . So turn your face toward al-Masjid al-Haram. And wherever you [believers] are, turn your faces toward it [in prayer]. (2:144) Thus, we need to face the kaaba. Since our world is a globe, technically speaking, we can face 2 directions, one closer one further. However, you would have to face the closer direction, because ...


3

There's no evidence that Abraham was the first to build the Masjid al-Haram, nor is there proof that Solomon was the first to built the temple. These are merely speculative conclusions. The word "built" isn't mentioned in the original Arabic hadith. It's a mis-translation of the word وُضِعَ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَىُّ مَسْجِدٍ وُضِعَ فِي الأَرْضِ وُضِعَ ...


3

From Juynboll's Encyclopedia of Canonical Hadith, "...on the authority of Ziyad b. Sa'd -- Zuhri -- Sa'id b. al-Musayyab -- Abu Hurayra, who related the Prophet's words: The Ka'ba will be destroyed by the spindle-legged man from al-Habasha (i.e., Abyssinia) Juynboll traces the common link for the hadith back to Sufyan b. 'Uyayna, and goes on to say that ...


3

There is a hadith with a grade of hassan (good) that stipulates that the black stone descended from Paradise. The hadith was documented in Jāmi' at-Tirmidhi, Hadith 877 and Sunan an-Nasā'i, Hadith 2935: عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ:الْحَجَرُ الأَسْوَدُ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ It was narrated from Ibn Abbas that the Prophet ...


3

The Kaabah has been rebuilt several times through history. At least one of these was by Abraham and Ishmael and this is mentioned in the Quran: وعهدنا إلى إبراهيم وإسماعيل أن طهرا بيتي للطائفين والعاكفين والركع السجود And We charged Abraham and Ishmael, [saying], "Purify My House for those who perform Tawaf and those who are staying [there] for ...


3

Allah said in the Qur'an: Sahih International: Indeed, the first House [of worship] established for mankind was that at Makkah - blessed and a guidance for the worlds. (3:96) Pickthall: Lo! the first Sanctuary appointed for mankind was that at Becca, a blessed place, a guidance to the peoples; This verse is used as an evidence, that the Ka'...


3

The Kaabah is a building and not an image or representation of Allah, not a false deity, and not the intended object of worship, hence it is not an idol. It does mark the qiblah: the direction faced when worshiping Allah on earth. And this has been ordained by Allah before the conquest of Makkah and even before the advent of the arabs: وعهدنا إلى ...


2

Do the three pillars have any religious significance other than structural support for the roof? Well to be honest my answer will be partly opinion based: As i could exclude a religious significance for the 3 pillars (as AFAIK no body exactly knows if the 3 of them were there at first or have been built in later, as ahadith only mention the two which are in ...


2

Well I'm not sure whether it is possible to give a clear answer as AFAIK there is no historical backup. We can find an independent source (Claudius Ptolemy) from the 2nd Century B.C. mentioning a Place called Macoraba and a map from the 3rd Century B.C. which suggests that Macoraba was Mecca. And as it was rebuilt many times it's hard to say which ...


2

Muslims do not worship Kabba. Muslims worship Allah in the direction of or towards Kabba. We not only raise index finger in direction of Kabba, but also stand in direction Kabba, in fact all Salat is in direction of Kabba. If there is a building, chair, table, or any plant etc, in front of you while you are praying, it does not mean that you are ...


2

Becca is an area within Mecca. It's the kaba and the area that surrounds it, where pilgrims circumambulate. This area is called "Becca" which means to crowd/gather. Becca is located in the city of Mecca. But sometimes they're used interchangeably.


2

Assalam-o-alikum. According to Wikipedia at the time of Umar rad-e-yallah hu, old kiswa was cut into pieces and given to hujaj. Hujaj then used it to shelter from heat like umbrella. Their is no proof that it has any significance in Islam. Indeed it raises doubt in the believer heart, and one should avoid it. You can keep it as an antique but not a blessed ...


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