(This answer is from a Sunni perspective)
Muslims unanimously agree that ALL the Prophets (may peace be upon them all) were free from any error with regard to conveying the message. In the case of the Prophet Muhammad (saws), Allah says in Surat an-Najm:
Your companion [Muhammad] has not strayed, nor has he erred,
Nor does he speak from [his own] ...
What we have to understand is that the Quran is not a scientific manual. While it aims to put humanity on the righteous path, it is not a book that aims to be an encyclopedic description of the world around us. When the Quran specifically mentions something, we know that it is true. But if there is something that isn't specifically mentioned does not mean ...
I am going to approche this question from another angle. Here is a list of animals mention in the holy book:
Do you know any other animals that exist in nature that are not ...
There's an important concept in Shi'a called "Iṣmah" which is attributed to prophets, Imams and Fatima Zahra -the daughter of prophet Muhammad (PBUH)-. There are philosophical reasons behind this quality.
They're incapable of making errors and mistakes.
They're impervious to the temptation to sin.
Why? They're special selected humans by God who guide ...
The reason for this belief is Imams are thought to be successors of prophet, and as such, they inherit the Prophet's divine knowledge.
This is understood from this verse of the Quran which explains that successors inherit from each other but the inheritance is not property, but knowledge. [27:16] says:
وَوَرِثَ سُلَيْمَانُ دَاوُودَ ۖ وَقَالَ يَا ...
That's a very good question. In fact, no wise person should take people, especially when making extraordinary assertions, "at their words". But as for Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and all Divine messengers), here are some compelling reasons that strongly suggest his truthfulness:
He had no personal gain in the first place to declare himself a ...
The Quran simply does not mention the existence of dinosaurs (explicitly). It does not confirm or deny it. When there is no existing apparent contradiction between science and religion, why try to make one? :)
In fact, the Quran alludes to the Earth existing before Mankind. See this verse:
And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, "...
Prophets, according to the Qur'an, are infallible. This doesn't mean that they can't commit sin, rather it means that they won't because they are of the highest spiritual and intellectual consciousness.
As for mistakes, they don't make mistakes in religious matters either, however there have been debates regarding mistakes in non-religious matters.
The islamic commandments can be divided into several categories in this aspect:
Obligatory: No scope of choice in Islam. These are- Fardh(mandatory/ implies greater obligation), Wajib(obligatory), Haram(strictly prohibited).
Recommended: Little scope of choice. Like- Sunnah(practices of our prophet, peace be upon him, and graetly recommended), Mustahab(...
In the name of Allah
1 . At first I should say that Tavaf does not mean the worshiping idol. if respecting to something means the idolatry so the ones who respect each other , are the idolater . Moreover this is an order from Allah and thus it has especial philosophy for itself.
Tavaf (I mean circling the Kaaba ) is for receiving mercy and forgiveness ...
Let me answer you somewhat fundamentally. Allah is the Just so never choose what to create or what to let not created, He creates just whatever that is creatable and having cause for its creation (addressing the Causality). Now let do some Q/A:
Is it possible for a creature to have intellect but not desire? Yes. the examples are angels. (Angels have the ...
There is general rule in islam, that we should Never Ever imitate Kuffar in any way. And touching the feet is integral part of hinduism. So based on the hadith of not imitating Kuffar we have to abstain from touching feet of elders by all means.
2nd view is that we have to do, what prophet Muhammad told us to do, otherwise everything added new to islam is ...
Regarding the guidance, the view towards Imams is similar to the view towards the Prophet. Shia do not believe that Imams can guide independently from God, the guidance is only from God. The views towards Imams being infallible is similar to views towards the Prophet being infallible.
The arguments regarding why they are infallible are more or less similar ...
1) If you want to achieve or gain something in this way, actually you are invoking the universe to give it to you. And invoking/asking from anyone other than Allah is shirk. The following verses state about those who do this:
وَمَنْ أَضَلُّ مِمَّن يَدْعُو مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ مَن لَّا يَسْتَجِيبُ لَهُ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ وَهُمْ عَن ...
In the name of Allah the merciful the compassionate
According to the noble Qur'an everyone will encounter death:
“Wherever you are, death will overtake you, though you are in lofty
After death, souls will enter barzakh [ref] and those who enter heaven after barzakh will stay there forever. Almighty Allah says in his noble Qur'an as ...
The fundamental wisdom that can resolve all such questions (i.e. charges of shirk in cases when certain objects are involved in worship) is that it is in essence impossible to worship Allah without these means and intermediaries.
But these means and intermediaries are very very diverse, from words, actions and gestures that you use to pray to Allah (chants,...
Infallibility of the Prophets and Messengers: عصمة الأنبياء or عصمة الرسل is an agreed upon aqeedah of the Muslims, athough there is difference of opinion in the details, for example whether they are protected from minor sins and unintentional mistakes, whether they were infallible from birth or only after receiving prophethood etc.
وقال جمهور من الفقهاء ...
Actually a big mistake muslims/non-muslims make, is that they consider that God and human beings have SAME type/nature of attributes... For example, God also gets Angry and Happy, God also feels etc, but we have to know that they are all GODLY attributes, and they are NOT same or Equal to Human attributes. For example, when a human gets angry, then he gets ...
That argument fails for anyone other than the people who actually witnessed the supposed revelation, as whether it was revealed to one person or many, anyone who didn't directly witness the revelation would have to rely on the words of the people who carried that information to him, and those "carriers" are more reliable in Islam's case than Judaism, where ...
There's a hadith which goes as follows:
“Seek help in having your needs met by being discreet, for everyone who is blessed with something is envied.”
and which is more known among people in the following wording:
“Seek help for success or victory of your needs by being quiet. For verily,everything that has a ni'imah in it is envied.”
This hadith was ...
Quran is not a science book but a book of signs. I do not speak Arabic. I have read the Quran in my own language, did not see the word dinosaur. But It says Allah is the Lord of all the worlds, anything we know and we dont know. Even if it did the disbelievers would say "Mohammad must have seen a fossil this is how he knows..."
What is there for us to know ...
According to Shia Islam most of its laws are compatible with Islam but still some critiques remain according to Islam. They are useful but at their situation and not for every purpose. These laws are very idealistic, for example if one think to remaining young does not prevent aging and death. Best case of these laws in Islam are Dua.
These laws discourage ...
I have always felt that the law of attraction is compatible with Islamic teachings.
We ask Allah SWT for things everyday through duas and prayer (somewhat like the "positive thinking" in the law of attraction). This being said, one of the stated reasons for unanswered duas (and what I believe to be the main culprit when my duas aren't answered) is when the ...
Simple answer: Because believing in the truth is better than not believing in the truth. You might as well just ask "Why is it necessary to believe that the Earth is round?"
God doesn't need our belief: He exists whether we believe in Him or not.
God decided to create and send humans to earth (by sending Adam to earth) in a form that some of them being enemy of some others. So because of this form of creating humans so they naturally create each other.
[Allah] said, "Descend from Paradise - all, [your descendants] being
enemies to one another. And if there should come to you guidance from
Me - ...
This is an excellent question and should be asked more often.
Like Wallace said, the Prophet SAW was completely illiterate but came up with the oral tradition of the Quran over a 23 year period, which many consider to be miraculous. Mind you, he was not a prodigy. Revelation started when he was 40 years old. A good question would be, what is so special ...
Although this question is too broad, I would like to state that you should focus on 3 pillars in order to get answer to this question.
You should find answers to these questions:
Why there must be a god?
Why there can't be more than 1 god?
Which attributes and characteristics should be carried by this one god?
In order to ...
Allah almighty said in Quran:
Whatever misfortune happens to you, is because on the things your
hands have wrought, and for many (of them) He grants forgiveness.
“The things your hands have wrought" means sins done. All kind of sin. Commuting a Haram act or even morally bothering others. Or even forgetting to ...
“Hate the sin, not the sinner” is only partly correct in Islam. Only a sinner with sins wholly occupying his heart making his heart dark lacking any light spot survived in it is one we should hate and even curse against them, though, if we can identify them correctly. About any other sinner no we cannot hate himself, but we must hate the sin, and the ...
Besides the 5 pillars of Islam there are a lot many things that are common in our belief (or as you put it "true for 99.9999% Muslims").
For example, to count few1 , for Allah (the God) we believe that
There is no deity worthy of worship, but Allah
He is entirely Merciful (the only provider of the life and sustenance to everything and everyone in this ...