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Questions tagged [madhhab]

A school of legal thought.

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49 views

Madhab of the salaf and the 4 madahib (Maliki, Shafi'i, Hanbali, Hanafi)

Salamo3alaykom, I don't understand when scholars refer to something as "madhabu as-Salaf u Saalih". Aren't the Madahib 4 which are already known? I don't want to discredit the biggest scholars of this ...
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How are Adhan and Iqama recited in the Ibadi madhhab?

Assalamu Alaikum, I was researching the way different madhhabs perform adhan and iqama, but I couldn't find reliable information regarding the Ibadi madhhab's adhan and iqama... The only thing I ...
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Why do sects insist on existing even though it is clearly forbidden?

there are some verses in the Quran which clearly prohibit to be in sects or to identify oneself as someone other than a plain muslim, however sects have been misusing the hadith where the prophet ﷺ ...
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Can I do prayer at this time?

So I am a Muslim, I use the Hanafi fiqh (so does the rest of my family), and I use ‘Islamic University of Sciences, Karachi’ as my calculation method (because it matches with Abu Hanifa’s opinion), ...
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Should I say “Ameen” loudly if I'm the only one to do so?

In a congregation where the "Ameen" is said silently after the Fatiha such as the Hanafi, if I'm of the view that the stronger view is it should be say loudly or my particular school of thought ...
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Do the muqtadis need to recite anything while praying behind the imam, whether it is during silent salah or loud salah?

When praying the fard of Dhuhr/Zuhr and Asr salah in congregation behind the imam, the imam recites everything silently. According to some websites, it is makrooh tahrimi to recite anything behind ...
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2answers
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Raf'ol yadayn when I am praying behind a imam of different madhab

I'am used to do raf'ol yadayn in prayer... but when I am praying behind an imam, can I do rafol yadayn when imam didn't? or shouldn't I do that and need to follow the imam? If I do so, will my salat ...
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Is the night prayer obligatory or desirable?

I searched for this subject, but I found that the Hanbali, Maliki, Shafi'i and Hanafi madhhab differed in the ruling on the night prayer. وقال تعالى: ﴿أَمَّنْ هُوَ قَانِتٌ ءانَاء ٱلَّيْلِ سَـٰجِداً ...
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1answer
6k views

How many Sunnah and Nafl rak'at one should offer in Jumuah salah according to all the 4 Imaams?

I want to know how many sunnah and nafl rak'ats one should offer in Jumuah prayer/salah according to all the 4 Imaams? It would be great if you could tell me in details about all 4 Imaams.
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What to do with majority opinions by scholars?

I've read these questions and their answers on consensus (ijma), forming a consensus through ijtehad, and opinion: A Question Concerning Consensus and Hadith What is Ijmaa? How is it established? ...
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What does the “Taqlid Period, after the formation of Madhabs and the closing of the gate of ijtihad” refer to?

A. Maftuhin, The Historiography of Islamic Law: The Case of Tarikh al-Tashri' Literature, Al-Jāmi‘ah: J. Islamic Studies, 2016 (URL), writes: Islamic law used to be powerful, and now it suffered a ...
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2answers
235 views

Did Muhammad bin idrees ash shafaee make such a statement?

Did ash shafaee say imam layth bin saad is better imam than imam malik? If imam layth bin saad is better than imam malik why don't we have laythi school of jurisprudence?
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Is it true that the Prophet Muhammad foretold the birth of Malik ibn Anas?

From Wikipedia: According to classical Sunni tradition, the Prophet Muhammad foretold the birth of Malik, saying: "Very soon will people beat the flanks of camels in search of knowledge and ...
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According to the four Sunni schools, is it impermissible to follow an extinct madhhab?

There seems to be a number of Sunni madhhabs which are considered extinct, e.g.: Awza'i, Jariri, Laythi, Thawri, Zahiri. Question: According to the four Sunni schools, is it impermissible to follow ...
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Sources of Fiqh from Madhabs

Within the sunni branch of Islam, there are the 4 major Madhabs (Hanafi, Shafii, Maliki and Hanbali). My question is, is there a book or compilation of sources for each and every fiqh draw by Imam Abu ...
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Does the Hanafi madhab allow men to get married to women of the people of the book?

On recent questions I have heard that it is allowed for a Muslim man to get married to Christian or Jewish women but a book called Taleemul Haq says that Muslims can only get married to other Muslims?
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In what way does a layperson have no legal school?

This question relates to Is Islam Easy to Understand or Not?: Salafis, the Democratization of Interpretation and the Need for the Ulema, Jonathan A. C. Brown, Journal of Islamic Studies (2015) 26 (2): ...
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What is the “established madhhab” for each of the 4 sunni schools of fiqh?

Basically the question Should I correct an imam who forces his opinions on his community? is the reason for me to ask the above question. As I know (or learnt) that even if abu Hanifa holds the ...
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Should I correct an imam who forces his opinions on his community? [closed]

Salam, my masjid has a new Imam who seems to be a very friendly and knowledgeable brother Masha Allah. But one thing he does is in Salah, he seems to force the congregation to follow his opinion on ...
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How do no Madhhab sects determine strongest opinion?

On Islamqa.info they discuss different opinions of a particular topic from the 4 schools and perhaps others then say "... But the strongest opinion is..." The same applies on Q & A shows on ...
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Hypothetically, what would a new school of Islam require besides scholars, followers, and recognition?

A friend told me once, while joking, that we should start one. I though about it since, and there seems to be no regulation whatsoever about it. Schools have been founded all throughout history. Is ...
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Is it necessary to follow a particular madhab?

As a new muslim, people tend to ask me which madhab do you follow... are you Hanafi, Maliki , Shafi or Hanbali? What do I answer? Why do some get annoyed if I say I am just a Muslim and since all ...
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What are the opinions on moonsigthing as per the classical scholars?

Currently, the issue of moonsighting is creating much confusion in many countries, Can we have an overview of opinions on moonsighting from classical scholars mainly Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Malik, Imam ...
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What are basic (osol al fiqh) differences & similarities between the 4 (existing) Legal Sunni Schools: Hanafi, Hanbali, Maliki, & Shafi'i? Charts? [closed]

What are the basic (osol al fiqh) differences and similarities between the four existing legal sunni schools of thoughts: Hanafi, Hanbali, Maliki, and Shafi'i? Is there a chart/venn diagram that is ...
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What are the similarities/differences between the four Madhabs? Charts? [duplicate]

I'm very new to the studies of Islam so I apologize if my question is very basic. It is my understanding that madhab is a term to describe a school of thought AND that in general, there are four ...
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Is it important to follow one of the four mazhab in Islam? [duplicate]

As the majority of Muslims follows one of the four great imam in Islam, is it really important to follow them? Do everyone of us has the ability to solve our daily matters in the light of Quran and ...
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293 views

Why are there different Islamic Schools?

I hear people saying "I follow Maliki" or "I am Hanafi". Aren't we just all Muslims?
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736 views

Why are there so many variations of Islam and what distinguishes them?

We have four main Islamic schools of thought, namely : Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi and Hanbali. Then again we have Sunni, Salafism, Wahabism, Sufism and many more. We also have the authenticated Hadith ...
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If I follow a madhhab, must I follow them in all matters? [duplicate]

I am studying different school of thoughts on the Islam. Is it restricted, e.g. if am hanafi then for some matters I cannot opt out following the hambli school of thought? Further to have and harmony ...
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529 views

Sunni - Is it obligatory for a Muslim to adhere to one specific School of Thought (Madhhab)?

[This question has been asked and seeking answers from Sunni or Ahlus Sunnah perspective] Assalamu 'Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh. This is a very hot and one of the most heavily debated issue ...
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Time of Asr Salah according to Safi'i and Hanafi can I follow both?

I'm confused about which Asr time I should follow. Can I pray in both of these times. If not then which has more evidence to support it, that I should follow it?
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What is the origin of the Ja'fari Madhab (School of Jurisprudence)?

As is known, Ja'far Sadiq (جعفر الصادق) is one of the imams/scholars and Faqeehs of the Aalul Bait, and a number of scholars took from him like Malik and Abu Hanifah and others. But like many of the ...
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Can a person take individual opinions from any of the four schools or is it mandatory to follow only one throughout your life?

I don't see a problem in following a ruling which for me holds more weight according to the authentic hadith and Quran over the rulings which were just opinions from people, presumably from Quran and ...
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Ahlul Hadith or Ahlul Ray [ أهل الحديث و أهل الرأي]?

What is the difference between Ahlul Hadith(People of Hadith) and Ahlul Rai(People of opinion) from fiqh perspective in the sense how do they differ in ruling? , I read that Hanafi Madhab is the only ...
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Is Taqleed Fard in Islam? [duplicate]

Many of the followers of the 4 schools of thought claim that it is Fard to do Taqleed and join one of the 4 schools while there are others like Salafis who claim that Taqleed by a non-layman can be a ...
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What is the origin of the concept of four ways to follow Islam?

Many times I hear people say (there are four ways to follow Islam) and many similar things, and that the four madhahib (Al Malikiyah, Al Hanafiyah, Al Shafi'iyah, and Al Hanabilah) are these four ways ...
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Madh'hab view from famous muhadditheens [closed]

I heard that famous scholars like Imam Bhukhari[rah], Imam Muslim[rah] were born after the period of Imams of Maddhabs(Abuhanifa[rah],Shafi[rah]). So,they should heard about Fiqh(Maddhab) and they ...
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How do (Sunni) people choose their madh-hab?

There are now several school of thoughts (madh-habs) in Islam. They are following different Imams and the method of practicing the religion is slightly different. Basically the question is how people ...
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Do any schools consider eel haram, and why?

Given that eel is clearly a water animal, one would think that it would fall under the general ruling of the hadith wherein the sea's water is pure and its dead is permissible. However, I clearly ...
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Did Imam Ash-Shafei reject some hadith?

I was once told by a Shafei scholar that Imam Ash-Shafei rejected hadith narrated by two Sahaba. I distinctly remember one of them to be Amr ibn Al-Aas, and the second one was Abu Sufiyan or one his ...
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How does the Maliki school make Tasleem at the end of salat?

How do the Malaki school of fiqh (islamic jurisdiction) make the Tasleem at the end of salat? I have heard that if someone was praying with you at your side then you can just say the salams to that ...
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Do the four Sunni madh'habs divide Muslims?

What are the rulings over differences in opinion between madh'habs? How should they be resolved? As an example: as the Hanafi interpretation of 'Praying the prayers according to it's time' leading to ...
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Is it permissible to mix rulings from different madhabs?

For example, lets say madhab A argues bleeding invalidates wudu but touching women (for men) doesn't, and madhab B says the exact opposite. Can a layman Muslim argue something like one of these; ...
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Where and when did the notion of “You must follow one madhhab exclusively” originate?

Can someone with knowledge on the evolution of fiqh pinpoint something in history about where this notion originated from? Today we hear from one side that following one madhhab exclusively is almost ...