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When praying the fard of Dhuhr/Zuhr and Asr salah in congregation behind the imam, the imam recites everything silently.

According to some websites, it is makrooh tahrimi to recite anything behind the imam during salah in the Hanafi madhab, be it silent or loud prayer.

However, they also state that reciting surah Fatiha during congregation is wajib in the Shaf'iee madhab.

Why do the 2 madhabs have such opposite rulings for this incidence?

Question: Do the muqtadis need to recite anything while praying behind the imam, i.e. surahs, salawat, dua e masura, whether it is during silent salah or loud salah?

Please answer from all 4 madhabs view in this with evidence to support each claim

  • I think this is basically covered here islam.stackexchange.com/questions/23449/…, what is dua e masura? – Medi1Saif Jan 5 '18 at 22:38
  • @Medi1Saif The answer explains the ruling of Malik for reciting surahs, while my questions asks for rulings of 4 madhabs for reciting anything, surahs, duas, salawat, tasmiah etc. Dua e masura is recited after durood e Ibrahim/sharif – Armaan Jan 5 '18 at 22:50
  • It covers all 4 madhhabs without quoting the shafi'i and hanbali view explicitly but shafi'is are known for reciting after the Imam and some hanbalis do so. I've never heard this term and have no exact idea what is about, – Medi1Saif Jan 5 '18 at 23:08
  • Ohhhh I just realized that muqtadis must the plural of muqtadi – Casanova Jan 6 '18 at 3:01
  • @Medi1Saif This is dua e masura/dua after durood. It may have different names – Armaan Jan 6 '18 at 10:56

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