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Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about Islamic terms, the ways they are used, and what they mean.

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Why is a martyr called a Shaheed?

Assalamu Alaikum Brothers in Islam, Why is the martyr who dies in the way of Allah Azza Wajjal considered a shaheed when the word shaheed means "to witness" ? What is he witnessing?
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What if Allah freed one of his slaves? [closed]

We are all slaves of Allah, but what if he decided to free someone very noble who asked to be freed? What would happen to that person, if he decided not to continue to serve Allah as his servant? What ...
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What is the literal meaning of word Tafsir and where from it originates?

Tafseer is interpreted as the explanation of Quranic Verses. What is the litral meaning of word tafseer and its origin.Explain on the basis of historical background.
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What is the Purpose of the Arsh and Kursi?

Since Allah is free from body, shape and space why did He create a Throne and a Footstool? Related Question: What are the Arsh and Kursi of Allah?
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What exactly consitutes a vow (nadhr النذر)?

Allah the almighty says in the Qur'an describing the righteous people: They [are those who] fulfill [their] vows and fear a Day whose evil will be widespread. (76:7) I'm not sure whether there's a ...
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What is the difference between the different formulations used in describing how a hadith was transmitted?

In hadith books we may read in the narrator chain how and via whom a hadith was transmitted. I wonder if different formulations indicate different ways of transmission here some examples we may find: ...
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Meanings of the word Islam [duplicate]

What is the base of the Word Islam, it is Is and Lam combined, meaning Peace, it is P-e-ace, and what does it represents, can any one translate the word in its essence please.
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What a person who rejects associating oneself with a madhab is called?

A person who holds the view that one should not restrict oneself to a single madhaab. Are they given any specific name?
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Does an action that Messenger of Allah did in private count as Sunnah?

The Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H) did things in private, some of which may have been narrated by his wives. By private, I mean within boundaries of his home. Do these count as Sunnah ?
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Who exactly can be called a hafidh?

In popular parlance hafidh or hafiz seems primarily to refer to a person who has memorized the whole Qur'an. But when we read books we find this title mostly used to introduce a hadith scholar such as ...
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Conversion / converted or “Reversion” / “Reverted”?

I often hear some anthropologists or "experts" and Western converted Muslims say that it is wrong to use the term "convert", and that we should instead use the neologism "revert(ed)", because "that is ...
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Is there any prescribed/Sunnah way of apologizing or saying sorry to someone?

There are certain Islamic terms we Muslims are to use, for example, while thanking someone we say "Jazak Allahu Khayran" and before starting something "Bismillah", intention to do something in the ...
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What exactly is takfir (declaration of disbelief)?

Wikipedia writes: Takfir or takfeer (Arabic: تكفير‎ takfīr) is... one Muslim declaring another Muslim as a non-believer (kafir). Takfir, Wikipedia I had thought this definition was clear and ...
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What are the minimum requirements for someone to be a “student of knowledge”?

A student of knowledge (طالب العلم) describes someone who studies Islam (or, more specifically, sacred knowledge). However, it's hard for me to tell if someone is genuinely a student of knowledge, or ...
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What was religion called before Islam came?

Islam came as religion of peace and the complete edition of other "Holy Book" (Taurat, Zabur, Injhil), according to Quran. As we know other religion such as "christian" for the person who is beliefs ...
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What makes one a part of the Ummah?

According to the accepted answer in the linked question below, an ummah is " the whole community of Muslims bound together by ties of religion". But didn't earlier Prophets have their own ummah? Is ...
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What exactly is a 'Wahy' in Islam?

I understand that in Islamic school of thought, it is said to be revelation of God's message to His chosen people like Prophets, Messengers (and according to some folks also the pious and righteous ...
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Is there a term to describe narrations from Sahaba?

Take the account of the slander of Aisha (r.a.) from her own mouth, for example: it is not hadith. Do such narrations (narrations from sahaba and the wives of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and ...
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Does salat mean prayer to Allah?

Salam, I am confused about salat/namaz. Does salat mean prayer to Allah? But how come God sends salat to the prophet? If you know Arabic enough could you please explain salat in Quranic context? ...
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What is “Taqleed”? And who should do complete Talqeed and who is not obliged to do taqleed?

My question is that what is the explanation of "Taqleed", and who should do Taqleed and who is free from it? And up to what extent one should do Talqeed and which Islamic practices come under Talqeed ...
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For a woman, can another woman be a non-mahram?

Women often talk about "non-mahram men", and I'm wondering if this is mostly tautological: Question: For a woman, can another woman be a non-mahram? I recognize there are people who are agender or ...
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What is “taharrush gamea” and is it part of Islam?

I stumbled upon another anti-Islam site, billionbibles.org. They have an article on Taharrush Gamea which they define as the coordinated sexual attack of a girl or a woman in public by a mass of ...
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Who defined the terms “makki” and “madani”?

I know part of Qur'an was revealed in Makka and remaining was revealed in Madina. However, some surahs of the Qur'an (moshaf) are declares to be "makki" or "madani", based on revelation. So I want to ...
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Is there an Islamic synonym for 'parishioner'

When referring to members or worshippers at a Christian church, I might use the word 'parishioner', or possibly even 'congregation'. Are there equivalent words specific to the Islamic faith for those ...
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Does the word “infidel” have any significance in Islam?

Infidel (literally "unfaithful") is a term used in certain religions for those accused of unbelief in the central tenets of their own religion, for members of another religion, or for the irreligious. ...
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Is it haram to even mention “pig”?

Okay, so I was about to learn a new computer tool which might be one of the major things I would be working on in my future career course. The name of the tool is "PIG". What is Pig? As I was just ...
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Who uses “sharia” as a synonym for “fiqh” or “din”?

A. Maftuhin, The Historiography of Islamic Law: The Case of Tarikh al-Tashri' Literature, Al-Jāmi‘ah: J. Islamic Studies, 2016 (URL), writes: For those who use shariah as the synonyms for fiqh, the ...
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Is it wrong to use the words Namaz, Khuda, Roza?

I am from Bangladesh. Here almost everyone exclusively use the word Namaz to refer to Salat. Recently my parents have been pressuring me to use the word Salat in place of Namaz. Their argument goes ...
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Does Shia Islam prohibit saying “Ameen” after reciting al Fatiha?

In Iran, people refrained from saying Ameen after prayer (which I'm accustomed to saying). Chatting with a Shia friend today, he indicated I shouldn't say it, so I did some Googling, and a user of ...
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How did saying Mashallah originate?

As a convert, I hear this a lot: Masha Allah, also Masha'Allah, is an Arabic phrase that means "God has willed", expresses appreciation, joy, praise, or thankfulness for an event or person that was ...
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Why don't we say Mashallah 33 times?

It's quite normal to say Subhan Allah, Alhamdulillah and Allahu Akbar 33 times after daily prayers; see e.g. this question. I'm wondering why we don't likewise say Mashallah ("God has willed") 33 ...
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What is the difference between 'Wahi' and 'Ilham'?

Are these interchangeable terms? Is there a way by which even non prophets can acquire information/communication from the unseen?
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Is it improper to describe Friday as “sabbath”?

On Friday, Muslims have Jumu'ah prayer. This is comparable with "sabbath" in Christianity: Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy is taken as one of the Ten Commandments. Wikipedia writes about ...
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What is the difference between 'illa and sabab in usul al fiqh?

I have been reading that some scholars do not differentiate between 'illa العلة and sabab السبب in usul al fiqh, while others do. Question: What is the difference between 'illa and sabab in usul al ...
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What do terms like Shirkat-ul-Mufavdha in business partnerships under Islamic law mean?

What is the meaning of the following terms in business partnership under Islamic law. 1) Shirkat-ul-Mufavdha شركة المفاوضة 2) Shirkat-ul-Anan شركة العنان 3) Shirkat-ul-Wajooh شركة الوجوه 4) ...
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Is the Qur'an a book?

This may seem like a strange question at first, since well, we can literally see that the Qur'an is a book: And we often refer to it as a book. And the Qur'an refers to itself as a book (Qur'an 5:15:...
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Does “nikah” mean “sex”?

In another question, we have this quote: I heard that the word "nikah" has a disgusting meaning to it? All this time I thought "nikah" meant marriage, but apparently it means to have sex or f***. -...
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What are Sunnah Rawaatib?

Allah will build a house in Heaven for whoever is diligent in observing 12 Sunnah Rak'aat, called Sunnah Rawaatib. (A version of this is at Islam Q&A.) What are Sunnah Rawaatib?
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What is the difference between “muhajaba” and “hijabi”?

It seems both muhajaba (or muhajiba) and hijabi refer to women who observe hijab. Personally, I like hijabi because it sounds cute, and not for any serious reason. Question: What is the difference ...
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What does shahada 'amaliyya (faith by deed) mean?

I've encountered the term "shahada 'amaliyya" twice now: Every Muslim must enact a practical shahada [shahada 'amaliyya] on the ground of our lived reality after they have pronounced a verbal ...
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How can I practically determine what “should” means?

I hear the word should used a lot and its meaning can be vague. To illustrate how many times this occurs, from the single article Forty Hadiths for Women, the word should appears in: woman should ...
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What is the difference between a Khawariji and a Munafiq?

The more I read about the Hadith's on Khawarij, I felt they are similar to Munafiqs. Is there any difference?
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Is there a relationship between the word “hijra” (migration of Muhammad) and “hijra” (South Asian term for transgender people)?

I'm not sure if this is just a coincidence, but there are two similar usages of the word "hijra": Hijrah... is the migration or journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca ...
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When did converts to Islam start being called “reverts”?

I've seen a few related explanations behind the motivation behind using the word "revert" to mean "convert", e.g., ...we are all born as Muslims; ...children are born with an innate sense of ...
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What is the Khabar? How is it different than Sira, Akbar, Sunnah, & Hadith in general?

I know this must be a basic question so please forgive my ignorance, but I'm unfamiliar with the textual difference/similarities among the texts. I was able to discern that Khabar means "historical ...
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Difference between Mullah and Ullama [closed]

Aslamu alikom Warahmatullah! I have some doubts about the meaning of Mullah and Ullama. Is there any difference between them? Because in some countries like Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan the word ...
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Is it appropriate to use the term “Semite” for Muslims?

I am an American Jew who has been reaching out to Muslim friends and neighbors. To stress the connection I feel, I sometimes describe myself as a fellow (or sister) Semite or say that I consider anti-...
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Why use the word Allah instead of God?

As an Arab, for me the use of the Word "Allah" is only the arabic translation of God. So why create the distinction of the 2 words? I have read somewhere that this idea of using the word came from ...
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What does 'by right belongs' mean in this context?

I was reading a Islamic tradition which says "Therefore, whatever I decide for anyone which by right belongs to his brother, he must not take anything, for I am granting him only a portion of Hell." ...
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What's a “Dweller of hell”?

In the following passage, what's a "dweller of hell"? A dead human, or some non-human being? Abu Umama narrated: “The Messenger of God said, ‘Everyone that God admits into paradise will be ...