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Questions tagged [history]

History pertaining to Islam, it's origin, spreading of Islam and others.

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Why did the prophet hope to be supported by one of the two 'Omar's?

Imam at-Tirmdihi has compiled a hadith quoting the supplication or statement of our prophet ()saying: "O Allah! Honor Islam through the most dear of these two men to you: Through Abu Jahl or ...
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What were the major introductions made by the so called rashidi caliphs in terms of public administration?

At the time of Muhammad () one could say that the Islamic government had his base in Medina or wherever he actually was. As far as I know there were no state officials nor a treasury etc. these kinds ...
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The path used during the journey of Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution

Are there any historical records in hadith collections or Prophetic biographies, detailing the escape route from Mecca to Medina?
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Did different ummahs have different qiblas?

We know that except for Prophet Muhammed (SAW), other Prophets were sent only for a specific time or to a particular community or location. Given that the shariah for the different Prophets might ...
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What was the class structure of the Madrasa in history?

Assalamu Alailum to my brothers in Islam, What was the structure of the early Madrasa's in the Islamic world? Did they have separate classrooms? What exactly was the classroom structure of the ...
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What was the qibla before migration?

What was the qibla for prayer in the Meccan period, before migration? I remember stories from sirah that the Prophet used to pray at the Kaaba during his stay in Mecca and I've always assumed that ...
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Are there any Muslim references quoting the fast of ahl al-Kitab or earlier Prophets?

Allah the almighty says: O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous - (2:183) This means that fasting or sawm was ...
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Do scholars of hadith science treat all the ahadith the same way?

It is wide spread that one may refer to da'if ahadith on topics that are neither about halal and haram nor fiqh nor 'aqidah ... (basically anything related to rulings). For example when it comes to ...
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How did Muslims in the past wake up for fajr?

I hope this question is relevant enough for this section of StackExchange, as it's more towards history rather than Islam itself. Nowadays, people depend on alarm clocks or the loud sound of athan ...
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Did any of the sahaba - beside the Prophet Muhammad himself - give fatwa? (Shi'a view)

During the life time of the Prophet () did anybody of the sahabah give fatwa according to Shi'a sources? If so who was/were this/these sahabi/sahabah? And under what circumstances did he/they give ...
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Were the daughters and grand daughter's of prophet Mohamed scholars?

I recently got to know that the daughters and the grand daughter's of the prophet were scholars. Is this claim true ?
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Why does Islam trace its origins to Abraham?

I have learned Islam traces its origins to Abraham, I wonder why he is considered the 'first Muslim'?
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Did women sacrifice?

Did women in the lifetime of Mohammad (peace be upon him) and the Sahabah offer sacrifice on eid azha?
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Who was the first person to offer animal sacrifice?

Who was the first person to offer animal sacrifice? Was it Ibrahim AS or someone before him as well?
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When being a witness/scribe was established as an official job?

When we read the Qur'an and sunnah we may come to the conclusion that a trustworthy witness can be any person who is widely considered as trustworthy and a scribe could be any person who is able to ...
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Story of Hawwa (Eve) on the Earth

In the purpose of taking the 4 ummun al-mu’minin as role model for teaching daughters. Is there any story of the life of our mother Hawwa after sending down to the Earth?
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Are all descendants of Muhammed dead?

E.g. Konfuzius has living descendants in all of China. How many descendants of the Prophet are there and are there any branches of his family tree that lived on until today?
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Why did Ali postponed swearing loyalty to Abu Bakr?

Shia and Sunni disagreed on some important things. Shia thinks that Muhamad select Ali as a caliph. Sunni thinks no. In fact, an answer in this stackexchange, says that Muhammad actually primed Abu ...
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How did the Prophet(s) & Sahaba confirm Ramadan / Eid start date?

Here in South Africa, we sight the moon according to the Sunnah to determine whether it is the start of Ramadan, or the end respectively. And not every location in South Africa gets to sight the moon. ...
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Was hijab in public enforced legally in premodern times?

I sometimes come across claims that many of the obligations that Muslims have in Islam are a purely personal matter and were not legally enforced, historically. It's not quite clear to me which ...
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Has there been a renowned Islam scholar who committed suicide?

(The motivation for this question is a book I am working on.) There has been many great scholars, etc. from all kinds of professions: scientists, artists, musicians, logicians, ... Has there been a ...
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What was done with non-combatant MEN of persia when Islam conquered it under Umar ibn al khattab?

Where they -freed . -ransomed. -made slaves. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim_conquest_of_Persia I'm preparing a treatise on Jihad to educate masses. That's why I'm asking this. This is a ...
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2answers
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How we know that Quran was not altered during the times of revelation?

Salam Alaikum, I was speaking yesterday with an atheist, and the main discussion was about "How can you be sure that Quran is 100% not altered between the moment when Djebril Alayhi Salam gave the ...
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What is the reason behind Muslim remove foreskin from private part.? [duplicate]

When a new Muslim kid born their parent go to the doctor for removing the foreskin of private part, what is the Islamic history behind it..??
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Who actually is Dajjal? [duplicate]

Salaam brothers and sisters. I was just watching a video on youtube about Dajjal that how he would look like and the signs which will be shown before he arrives. We all know that. But, what I want to ...
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Who named our prophet 'Muhammad' and why?

This is actually my son's question but I could not find a satisfactory quick answer. The meaning from the derived Arabic root H-M-D (to praise) is praiseworthy, commendable, laudable. src I am ...
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What were the religious views of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) before becoming a Prophet and receiving revelation?

Was Prophet Muhammad (SAW) a polytheist like others in the Quraish tribe or did he always believe in One God or was he even religious at all?
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Did Masjid e Nabawi had two Muezzins during the Prophet's lifetime simultaneously?

There are two Hadiths that I recently came across: 'A'ishah reported: Ibn Umm Maktum was the mu'adhdhin of the Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) and he was blind. Sunan Abi Dawud 535 and ...
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Was there ever a society that used only the Muslim calendar?

It is my impression that someone using only the Muslim calendar would find it difficult to figure out whether a given date several years in the future would be during the summer or winter, or how long ...
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1answer
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is fratricide between princes permissible? [closed]

I have been studying Ottoman history for more than a year now (particularly 16th Century). I constantly come across the tradition of fratricide. According to a book I bought at a Museum in Istanbul, ...
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1answer
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Which surah(s) of the Qur'an covers the most stories (Prophets/real person)?

If we look at different surahs of the Qur'an we may find them addressing many topics: For example surat al-Kahf we have the stories of the people of the cave, (the people of ar-Raqeem are also quoted ...
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Who was the biological mother of Umama (or Umayma) bint Abdul Muttalib?

Continuing from this question here I would like to ask, according to Muslim Scholars, who was the biological mother of Umama (or Umayma) bint Abdul Muttalib? What are the most legitimate / ...
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Who was the biological mother of Zaynab bint Jahsh according to Muslim Scholars? [closed]

Continuing from these questions here and here I want to know who was the biological Mother of Zaynab bint Jahsh ? Is it really Umaima bint Abdulmuttalib? What are the sources that say so? What ...
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Was there a zamanu jahilliya(Era of ignorance) after the Prophet (PBUH)? [closed]

I am not that good at Tarikh, Islamic history, but I am concerned with how Islam is so divided more so in this generation. There is a lot of versions of simple things such as how the Prophet (PBUH) ...
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Why muslims are not allow to touch dogs?

So I my neighbor has a dog and it’s very playful. I really want to touch & play with him. But my mother told me muslims do not touch dogs. I asked her why & she said because it’s in Quran. She ...
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Hadith referring to last moments of Muhammad SAW

Here, there is a description given of the atmosphere in the house of Muhammad SAW when he passed away. I have seen this description in several places. From the I gave, I point out the key elements: ...
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How did “an atom's weight” come to be mentioned in translations of the Qur'an?

IslamWeb lists Qur'an 10:61 as a miracle of the Qur'an (That matter is made up of sub-atomic particles (chapter 10, verse 61).). The verse is: وَمَا تَكُونُ فِي شَأْنٍ وَمَا تَتْلُو مِنْهُ مِن ...
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Does Qur'an 7:133 imply there were five plagues of Egypt?

Christianity describes ten plagues of Egypt: (a) water into blood, (b) frogs, (c) lice, (d) mixture of wild animals or flies, (e) diseased livestock, (f) boils, (g) thunderstorm of hail and fire, (h) ...
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In mainstream Sunni Islam, when was the last time a slave was legally recognized?

In a fatwa by Dr. Hatem al-Haj of the Assembly of Muslim Jurists of America, we see: Islam restricted the tributaries of slavery and widened the out channels, which ultimately depleted the entire ...
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What books other than his sahih imam Muslim has written?

What books other than his sahih imam Muslim has written and which of those has reached us (Examples should be sufficient if exist)? When we look at the relief of his teacher imam al-Bukhari we find ...
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Did Muslim actually quote a hadith from his teacher al-Bukhari in his sahih?

It is well known that Muslim ibn al-Hajaj was one of the students of imam al-Bukhari. But did he actually quote in his sahih any hadith which he directly heard from al-Bukhari? The point is that ...
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What was religion called before Islam came?

Islam came as religion of peace and the complete edition of other "Holy Book" (Taurat, Zabur, Injhil), according to Quran. As we know other religion such as "christian" for the person who is beliefs ...
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287 views

Why did the Prophet go back to Madina after conquest of Makkah?

Why did Prophet Muhammed (SAW) go back to Madina after conquest of Makkah? Was it an order from Allah or a personal preference?
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Who claimed that “and planned that which they were not to attain” (9:74) refers to abu Sufyan and his son Mu'awiyah?

Allah () said in surat at-Tawba: They swear by Allah that they did not say [anything against the Prophet] while they had said the word of disbelief and disbelieved after their [pretense of] Islam ...
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History Book on The Effect of Islam on Western Civilization

What books are there with respect to early Muslim scholars' works and their effect on Western civilization? I would prefer easy to read not too technical books.
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Was prophet Noah (PBUH) a prophet for Indian people?

I have just read a post (Lost Prophets of Hinduism and India) and there are several scriptures in Hinduism which talk about the great flood (as mentioned in Quran and Injeel) and story is almost same ...
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What is the background to Jews saying “the hand of Allah is chained” in Qur'an 5:64?

My question is regarding the ayah: And the Jews say, "The hand of Allah is chained." Chained are their hands, and cursed are they for what they say. Rather, both His hands are extended; He spends ...
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Did our Prophet Prophet Muhammad (SAW) (PBUH) know the earth was round? [closed]

Narrated Salim's father (i.e. `Abdullah): The Prophet said, "Whoever takes a piece of the land of others unjustly, he will sink down the seven earths on the Day of Resurrection." Sahih Bukhari 3:43:...
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Authenticity of a story about Imaam Abu Hanifa debating a Roman

There's a message circulating around about Imaam Abu hanifah (rahimahullaah) saying that he debated a Roman. Here's the message: There was once an occasion when a Roman asked three questions to ...
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How accurate are these statements about the naming of Safina?

The Muslim historian, Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, has recorded the following Mahran was renamed (by Muhammad) Safina (i.e. ship). He himself relates his own story. He says, “The apostle of God and his ...