Suppose a person studies Islam with a sincere heart, but does not find the arguments in favor of Islam genuinely convincing, and dies as a non-Muslim.

Does Islam differentiate between such an individual, and someone who denies Islam due to his caprices, or someone who does not even bother studying Islam?

Are all three cases the same from the perspective of Islam wrt. their fate in the afterlife, i.e., are they all destined to go hell?

  • 4
    I don't think if anyone really sincerely studied Islam they will not be convinced.
    – Yusha
    Dec 8, 2020 at 15:49
  • 2
    This option is regarded as impossible. Because knowledge leads to certainty and knowledgeable people as said to e those who fear Allah in the qur'an. While doubt and uncertainty lead to disbelief.
    – Medi1Saif
    Dec 9, 2020 at 19:55
  • @Medi1Saif Impossible by who? Can you cite a few sources?
    – SpiderRico
    Dec 9, 2020 at 22:00
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    This is like saying, a person who studies math sincerely and committed won’t ever learn the true fundamentals of mathematics. Like@Medi1Saif mentioned, knowledge leads to certainty. The more you’re aware of something after exposing yourself with good knowledge will lead you to be more confident. May 7, 2021 at 16:19
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    @Epistemophile.Bibliophile math is deductible from the logic. Belief, by definition, isn't. If it were, it wouldn't be belief.
    – SpiderRico
    May 9, 2021 at 5:18

1 Answer 1


Based on my understanding that's impossible. It's like you're asking if someone is put in front of the sun and doesn't feel warm then can he say I'm still cold?

The manner of light that Islam or truth for that matter offers, is just like the sun.

Having that said there are no guarantees that what one reads is true Islam. Muslims are split into two major sects (Shias and Sunnis) and then between them are many more sects.

So if a person meets true Islam and doesn't feel it, I say that's impossible. But if you just want to be hypothetical. Then yeah Allah doesn't blame us for not understanding and he won't enter hell.

Yet again Allah has blessed us with wisdom. If that wisdom isn't good enough to help us find out right from wrong then what good is it for?! Similarly he's blessed us with Quran and instructions from The 14 infallibles. If the guidance and light provided by them isn't enough then again it's considered low quality work from Allah and his apostles. But such a conclusion is wrong.

If the person has got his Islam from bad sources (books, instructors) ie he hasn't seen the sun truly then yeah very much Allah treat him differently. But I'm on board that God/Allah didn't make us creators with ever unanswerable doubts. He made us curious but then has given us opportunities to find answers.

In Islam we have three groups of people.

  • Believers (مومنین)
  • Unguided/Misguided (ضُلّال / مستضعفین)
  • Disbelievers (کفار)

Disbelievers are lesser than the other two combined.

Additionally while the Islam offered today isn't as good as the Islam offered when the prophet of Islam, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), seal of messengers was present and living it. Today you have to learn Islam from a multitude of bad scholars and a very few good scholars, yet at the same time access to Islam, forums that answer every question is much easier.

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