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Countries like Saudi Arabia have a number of capital offenses, some of which seem to extend beyond sharia law; e.g. the list on Wikipedia includes "espionage" and "drug smuggling".

However, I don't know how accurate it is, and I'm unsure if the Saudi government has Islamic justifications for these laws (perhaps they do, and I'm simply unaware). I'm also interested in a situation in an Islamic state, not just how it's implemented in a particular country.

Question: May an Islamic state legislate the death penalty for non-sharia crimes?

By non-sharia crimes, I mean crimes that are not justified Islamically in one way or another.

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  • The concept used to apply these punishments is ta'zir en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tazir
    – Medi1Saif
    Dec 19 '17 at 9:47
  • Drug smuggling and espionage are offenses in sharia (though not under those specific terms), so they may not be the best examples of "non-sharia crimes" here.
    – G. Bach
    Dec 19 '17 at 10:25

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