I heard somewhere that the legal system an framework of Sharia Law is only applicable in an Islamic state. My questions are: Is Sharia Law only applicable to an Islamic state? If so, what defines an Islamic state?
Is Sharia Law only applicable to an Islamic state?
we need to know what Sharia law is?
If you are a Muslim you're expected to live a life as Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and Allah told us to do, no matter where you are.
If I understood the definition of Sharia right, then not only Islamic countries, but Islamic communities or in other words Islamic individuals are expected to follow Sharia Laws (only after proper counsel) and understanding of the Laws.
For sure, if you're not in an entirely Islamic environment, then, you cannot conduct matters of Justice on the non Muslims in your place. But all you can do is just apply them amongst those willing to be applied on. A small example, you cannot collect Jizya from local non Muslims in your place just because your community is an Islamic community. Sharia Laws are applied by understanding/studying the feasibility of each law from every angle.
So, in short, according to me instead of studying
what defines an Islamic state?
Up to what extent can the Islamic Sharia Laws be made applicable in an Islamic state given a set of details about the state like size, type, environment, inter community relations etc.
As a general rule, instead of banging heads over the fore mentioned issues, people are suggested to migrate to an Islamic state where either already all Laws are being employed to the full or can be made employed to the full.
For further explanation as why to migrate may be learned from here.
May the creator guide us all.