The Ash'arite أشعرية‎ or Asha'irah ٱلْأَشَاعِرَة are a known theoligcal sect of creed that refers by name to abu al-Hassan al-Asha'ary and most of its followers can be found among followers of the shafi'i and maliki school of fiqh. And they regard themselves as representatives of ahl-as-Sunnah wa Jma'ah beside other sects (of creed) such as the Maturidi's and the Salafi's.

Now I've read somewhere -correct me if I'm wrong- that abu al-Hassan al-Asha'ari passed through three phases in his life.

  1. A phase in which he was a follower of the creed of al-Mu'tazilah.
  2. A phase in which he started debating al-Mu'tazilah based on 'ilm al-Kalam.
  3. A phase in which he defended the creed of ahl as-Sunnah wal Jama'a.

And as far as I know in each of these phases or at least in the last two he has compiled books defining his creed and theology.

My question now is: Those scholars who claim to be 'Ashra'arites like the imams and scholars:

  • Among the Shafi'is: al-Juwayni, al-Ghazali, al-Bayhaqi, an-Nawawi, as-Suyuti, al-Fakhr a-Razi, ibn 'Abdassalaam, as-Subki, ibn 'Asakir ...
  • Among the Maliki's: al-Baqilani, abu Bakr ibn al-'Arabi
  • Among the Hanbali's: ibn al-Jawzi (at least wikipedia claims he was because of his works in ilm al-Kalam)
  • ...

which of his creeds or phases did they follow?

It could be great if your answer could include some details.

  • Correction: Salafiyyah isn't a creed. It is true that all Salafis are Atharis but not all Atharis are Salafis. Many opposed it. – Affan Jun 10 at 17:43

There is no proof for the "three phrases" that the Salafīs claim that he went through. Rather, he abandoned the Mútazilah to become a Sunni and then supported the madh'hab of Ahl al-Sunnah so much that eventually it became synonymous with his madh'hab.

All the scholars you listed shared the same creed as he did post-conversion to Ahl al-Sunnah.

Except for Ibn al-Jawzī, who was not an Ashárī, but was somewhere between Atharī and Ashárī.

  • Try including references for your claims and Ibn Al Jawzi was Hanbali by fiqh but he was an Ashari in creed. – Affan Jun 13 at 13:18
  • No, he criticised the Ashárīs too. – Ibn e Khan Jun 13 at 13:23
  • According to Wikipedia, he was an Athari and then he became an Ashari. – Affan Jun 13 at 13:32
  • Wikipedia is not an accurate source. He did certainly share many similar views to them, however he was not completely one himself and did criticise them too. – Ibn e Khan Jun 13 at 14:16
  • You're suggesting that Ibn Al Jawzi was ignorant in aqeedah. There's no such thing as "somewhere between Athari and Ashari" you're either one or not. – Affan Jun 13 at 14:42

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