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I know in Islamic state blasphemy, mockery etc is punishable by death.The state will carry out the execution. But what about people doing these things in non Islamic state counties? If a Muslim living in non Islamic countries and executed the person who committed blasphemy or mockery against our religion and prophet. What happens to him. Did he commit a sin or not or its good deed?

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    Even in Islam you can't kill a person without an accusation and condemnation from a court. I don't know of any case were self-justice is allowed. A fatwa is an opinion not a verdict that allows a person to act upon. A verdict requires a court.
    – Medi1Saif
    Oct 28 '20 at 10:16
  • At the least he does not commit a sin, because the life of a Harbi is not protected. Note that the execution of Ka'b ibn al-Ashraf and Abu Rafi' ibn Abi Al-Huqaiq took place outside the Islamic state.
    – UmH
    Nov 1 '20 at 7:34
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Fatwa clearly states that

Only a Muslim ruler or his deputy is entitled to execute the Hudud

If a Muslim ruler is not available, Hudud must not be executed.

https://www.al-feqh.com/en/executing-hadd-in-the-absence-of-the-ruler

https://www.al-feqh.com/en/executing-the-hadd-of-zina-in-a-foreign-country

https://www.al-feqh.com/en/execution-of-hudud-ordained-punishments

Hadid on actions of the Prophet ﷺ does not apply as he was the ruler. He did not permit execution made by anybody on his own decision. A normal muslim is not allowed to kill a person who blasphemes - and even less is it an obligation to do so.

You were asking whether it is a sin:

Transgression of a rule is usually called a sin, so it is a sin.


Side-remark

Penalty may also be applied in non muslim countries. It is also under stately control.

Blasphemy is also under punishment under Jewish and Christian law. Jewish law provides stoning on blasphemy however it has to be executed by the whole community (and is not applied in Israel); Christian law does not prescribe a particular punishment on earth (however not forgiven by God) but in most Christian states a punishment is possible. The rest will be left to God.

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