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May Allah bless all of us. Dear brothers and sisters Assalam-Alaikum.

I have a question regarding nikah. Whether the marriage of a man is allowed or not, with the younger daughter of his father's sister, who's mother (his aunt) breast-fed him only once before he get 2 years old with her elder daughter.

The guys follows hanafi sect. And Abu-Hanifa's view (may Allah bless him with peace) is that even if a child is breast-fed once he is considered mahram. But other scholars and sects have different point of view about the times of breast feedings.

So could you please give a right and brief answer?

May Allah be our guide... Allah Hafez!

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Bismillah,

Generally, there are 3 scenarios regarding your sister from breastfeeding:

  1. The girl was breastfed by the guy's mother.
  2. The guy was breastfed by the girl's mother.
  3. Both the guy and the girl were breastfed by a different woman who nursed both of them.

In scenarios 1 & 3, the guy can marry the younger sister of his sister from breastfeeding. The younger sister becomes Mahram only in the second scenario because her mother who breastfed you, breastfed her as well.

Now, this is what I know about the general rule. Unfortunately, I cannot provide which Madhhab follows what.

Indeed Allah knows best!

  • What you presented as your answer, was interesting solution for me. Well done dear mate. Jazak Allah khaira. – اللهم صل علی محمد و آل محمد Feb 11 '16 at 15:41
  • Nice and short answer: unfortunately i didn't have the chance to make it short as the Question and my Answer developed more or less by a series of comments! – Medi1Saif Feb 16 '16 at 13:45
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I'm not sure whether the relationships are so complicated or whether i misunderstood. So the case is as follows the supposed bridegroom and the sister of the supposed bride have the same foster mother who's the sister of the father of the supposed bridegroom! And both sisters are the daughters of the man's paternal aunt!

Whom will be a mahram by breast-feeding

Well among those who are prohibited for marriage quoted in the Verse (4:23) you'll find also:

... your [milk] mothers who nursed you, your sisters through nursing...

Assuming the breast-feeding was counted: Then from that point of View scholars would tell you that the mothers of the foster-Mother (whom are considered as her roots), her daughters (who are considered as her branches), aunts and sisters would be mahram for him (You can read about it here in Arabic and read for example in Sahih Muslim 1 & 2), while her sisters or aunts wouldn't be mahram (as they are only her surrounds).

So according this as it's not the "real" mother of the supposed bride whom is his foster mother, then he can marry her as she isn't a mahram as a (surround of the foster-sister) (see also this Fatwa in Arabic and this Fatwa in English). But if the foster mother is the real mother of the supposed bride, all depends on how one suckling would be interpreted. About relevant sucklings read the following:

When one would be considered as breast-fed

There's a Hadith Sahih Muslim, see also . You could read the details in my answer about the interpretation of this Hadith. There i quoted that there one can find that most scholars say that this Hadith is an ahaad and it couldn't be taken as an evidence for naskh in the Qur'an so most scholars would say that even one suckling is enough to be counted as breast-feeding, while Shafi'i's took the Hadith as is and said at least a couple of suckling if not 5 would be counted as breast-feeding (apparently this is also the opinion of later scholars like the Hanbali school). But I'm not a scholar and only quoting what i found, so you should ask somebody who knows it well!

If it was only one suckling shafi'i and hanbali would say that the supposed foster mother isn't such and therefore her children won't be mahram. If it counted as the maliki madhab and earlier scholars say that the girl would be a mahram!

And Allah knows best!

  • Dear brother so sorry that there was a mis-communication I meant the younger sister of the one whom he suckled milk with. And the foster mother would be his aunt. Father's sister. – user14935 Dec 4 '15 at 11:16
  • The Father's sister is the foster mother of the sister of his supposed bride am I understanding you right? – Medi1Saif Dec 4 '15 at 11:29
  • Yes brrother. You're right. But without reading any info. Could you say that whether its halal or haraam out of your understandings. Thanks a lot – user14935 Dec 4 '15 at 11:31
  • Hm... his supposed bride wouldn't be a mahram because of breast-feeding as far as i can tell. As she is only the sister (a surround) of the one who was breast-fed. And Allah knows best! – Medi1Saif Dec 4 '15 at 11:34
  • Another way if I ask you plz. If the aunt's younger daughter get married to the guy is halal or haram while aunt breast-fed him with the elder daughter. Only once. – user14935 Dec 4 '15 at 13:31

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