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Does Allah give the human population exclusive right, to kill and eat any other baser animal life forms?

Also, a corollary, is it immoral to be a vegetarian and not eat killed animals in Islam?

  • It is not Immoral to be a vegetarian. Allah says in Quran and eat and drink, but be not excessive. quran.com/7/31 – user263210 Feb 26 '15 at 14:45
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I don't know what "exclusive right" in the question precisely means, but Allah created other hunting, meat-eating animals besides humans.

Lions eating

So I think it's safe to say humans don't have exclusive rights to killing and eating animals.

To eat...

It's well-known that Muslims are forbidden from eating meat from pigs, so clearly we can't eat all meats. There's other instances of meat being forbidden in the Qur'an:

Qur'an 2:173 states:

He has only forbidden to you dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than Allah. But whoever is forced [by necessity], neither desiring [it] nor transgressing [its limit], there is no sin upon him. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

See also: Qur'an 5:1, Qur'an 5:3, and Qur'an 5:96.

To be vegetarian...

While eating meat is explicitly made permissible in the Qur'an, being a vegetarian is also permissible; it's neither encouraged nor discouraged.

Mufti Ikram ul Haq writes:

Therefore, if someone just doesn't want to eat meat and instead chooses to eat only vegetarian or vegan food then there is nothing wrong but if someone starts to believe that the meat of those animals which are Halal is not Halal or Haram then this will be a grave mistake and error of part of faith.

Other example fatawa are AskImam and Islam Q&A.

To kill animals...

To eat meat, animals are ordinarily slaughtered or hunted in halal ways. Some technical details of Islamic hunting can be found at AskImam and Darul Ihsan, for example.

To kill for recreation is either forbidden or discouraged. Islam Q&A talk about hunting and fishing for sport:

If the hunter or fisherman ... is only doing it for sport ... then the ruling on hunting or fishing in this case changes from permissible to disliked (makrooh).

An AskImam fatwa agrees. However, IslamWeb instead write:

Basically, it is Haram to make an animal or bird a shooting target.

An MuftiOnline fatwa agrees with this.

The answer to Recreational killing of animal gives several ahadith about kindness to animals. E.g.

Whoever kills a small bird for no reason, it will beseech Allah on the Day of Resurrection saying: O Lord, so and so killed me for no reason. And he did not kill me for any beneficial purpose. -- Sunan an-Nasa'i 4446 [grade: hasan] (sunnah.com)

  • By exclusive right, I meant a theme that is in Christianity, that man was created in god's image, so humans are exclusive and every other beast and thing in nature is for human consumption. Is there a similar thing in Islamic texts? I had heard such a thing once in discussion with a muslim person about vegetarianism. – Rohit Sep 10 '17 at 13:29
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Islam says eat the herbivorous animals and not the carnivorous. Also, sea foods are made Halal(allowable). And also,

Prohibited to you are dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than Allah , and [those animals] killed by strangling or by a violent blow or by a head-long fall or by the goring of horns, and those from which a wild animal has eaten, except what you [are able to] slaughter [before its death], and those which are sacrificed on stone altars, and [prohibited is] that you seek decision through divining arrows. That is grave disobedience. This day those who disbelieve have despaired of [defeating] your religion; so fear them not, but fear Me. This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion. But whoever is forced by severe hunger with no inclination to sin - then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. (Qur'an 5:3)

is it immoral to be a vegetarian and not eat killed animals in Islam?

Doctors say that it is highly advisable to have green leafy vegetables. But if a person doesn't like to eat them, is he being immoral?

Similarly, Allah says, that meat has a nutritious value for humans, then if someone Muslim prefers to be a vegetarian for any reason is not being immoral.

Meat is rich in protein, iron, vitamin B1 and niacin. Non-vegetarian food is a good source of excellent protein.

You're curious by thinking how Islam justifies eating animals and if you wish to get you're questions answered, like...

Hindu scriptures give permission to have non-veg

It is not compulsory for a Muslim to have non-vegetarian food

Then this article is especially for you...

Questions Commonly Asked by Non-Muslims - V : Eating non-Vegetarian Food

May the creator guide us all.

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    Please ensure that your question answers the question. And the explanation of why it's not immoral in Islam is not sound, or at least you should establish it. – Bleeding Fingers Feb 26 '15 at 20:17
  • "Islam says eat the herbivorous animals and not the carnivorous" - where does it say this? – aasheq Feb 27 '15 at 10:56
  • @aasheq i donno man zakir said that in the article... even I was wondering... – servant-of-Wiser Feb 27 '15 at 19:53
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    This is what i had been lookin for. ""Islam maintains that Allah has created the earth and its wondrous flora and fauna for the benefit of mankind. It is upto mankind to use every resource in this world judiciously, as a ‘niyamat’ ( Divine blessing ) and‘amanat’ ( trust ) from Allah"" This is what you should have qouted from the article, then i accept the answer – Rohit Feb 28 '15 at 6:49
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    @wiser if you're doubting the source it might be wiser not to use it. – Pureferret Feb 28 '15 at 10:57

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