If you have waswasa regarding passing of wind: You shouldn't presume based on sensation, but should only redo wudu when you have clearly heard it or smelt it:
Narrated `Abbad bin Tamim: My uncle asked Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) about
a person who imagined to have passed wind during the prayer. Allah'
Apostle replied: "He should not leave his prayers unless ...
To answer this question, we really first of all need to go through the terms you are using and define them.
Also, we must go through the verses you are quoting. Then we might come to a conclusion.
So as you say, doubt and waswas might not be the same thing, they might be related, but that again depends of your definition of the word waswas.
What does ...
No one can really answer your question except Allah, then you. This is a test, but here is how you can try to figure out the cause. It is a test to all, believers and non-believers alike. Tests and tribulations are what distinguishes between one who is sincere and one who is lying.
The Prophet said in this long hadith (only partially quoted):
تعرض الفتن ...
I keep saying that tahara and najasa have only a tangential connection to cleanness, hygiene, dirtiness and impurity. They primarily are ritual necessities!
Usually the dogs at airports don't sniff or come too close to any bag unless it has either some food they may like in it (and if they are well trained they wouldn't even do this) or it contains drugs (...
As a general rule, you are not punished for something that is out of your control.
And thoughts are notoriously undisciplined. There are several hadiths about it, for example
Al-Bukhaari (5269) and Muslim (127) also narrated from Abu Hurayrah
(may Allah be pleased with him), that the Prophet (blessings and peace
of Allah be upon him) said: “Allah, ...
So you feel guilty because you tried to learn something and you prefer to remain ignorant instead?
It is not frowned upon to ask questions with the intention of increasing your knowledge otherwise how will you know what is permissible and what is not, you will never know every thing and it is inevitable that you will have to ask questions at some point:
I'll try to answer your question but it will be in an indirect way.
Below is a famous Hadith:
Hanzala Usayyidi, who was amongst the scribes of Allah's Messenger (ﷺ). reported:
I met Abu Bakr. He said: Who are you? He (Hanzala) said: Hanzala has turned to be a hypocrite. He (Abu Bakr) said: Hallowed be Allah, what are you saying? Thereupon he said: ...
If you do not have conviction that all the essentials of islam are true, then that makes you a kafir. The essentials include at the very least that Allah is the only god there has ever been, that Muhammad is his messenger and everything he said is true (note: this does not mean that one has to have conviction into all ahadith being true to be Muslim because ...