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What are basic (osol al fiqh) differences & similarities between the 4 (existing) Legal Sunni Schools: Hanafi, Hanbali, Maliki, & Shafi'i? Charts?

Note that among the "founders" of the four sunni madhabs (you quoted, as one should add the dhahiri school, which still exists to them too) only Imam a-Shafi'i really quoted and recorded his osol (...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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6 votes
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What is the difference between qiyas and istislah?

Both are well explained on wikipedia, especially qiyas: Istislah (Arabic استصلاح "to deem proper") is a method employed by Muslim jurists to solve problems that find no clear answer in ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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4 votes
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Which scholars deny hadith being mutawātir?

I will make some assumptions first prior to answering, since otherwise the answer would be excessively long: By "which scholars", I am assuming you are referring to hadith scholars only. By "denied ...
III-AK-III's user avatar
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4 votes

Is everything that is harmful haram?

Yes, the basic Islamic principle is that everything that is proven to be harmful is haram. The evidence for the prohibition of that which is harmful is to be found in the Qur’an and the Sunnah. ...
Kilise's user avatar
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3 votes
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Are the statements of Ibn al-Jawzi, Ibn Hazm and Ibn Taymiyyah enough to declare Ijma' (consensus) on the sphericity of earth

No, attributing a statement to three scholars only does not constitute consensus (ijmā', Arabic: إجماع), or any level of consensus for that matter. However, one has to read the full text of the fatwas ...
III-AK-III's user avatar
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3 votes
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Levels of obligatoriness of rulings within schools of law

al-mu'tamad المعتمد in Arabic basically means established and approved. So when speaking about a ruling in a madhab and say this is the mu'tamad in this madhab then we mean despite all other opinions ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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3 votes

What is the minimum amount of narrations needed in order for a hadith to be classed as mutawatir according to the different scholars?

Basically any opinion quoting a minimum amount has no backup... but a logical approach would say it needs at least 4 as else the hadith would be considered as a kind of ahaad (well strictly speaking ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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2 votes
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What is the difference between these terms referring to a majority of scholars: Ijma', Jumhoor and Jamaheer?

My sources are basically some posts from other forums, who posted some fatwas of contemporary scholars (like ar-Rahyly -who quoted a fatwa of- a-Shanqyty and as-Sahym) and this (Arabic) fatwa! ...
Sassir's user avatar
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2 votes

Why aren't all commands of the Prophet treated as obligatory?

This is a detailed issue of Usool al-Fiqh that may have vast ikhtilaf according to mazhab. First thing to note is that there is no inherent difference in this matter between the commands of Allah and ...
The Z's user avatar
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2 votes
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If Prophet did two things, that are contrasting in nature, which among them is the Sunnah?

Definition First note that sunnah has a meaning in Arabic which is: As-Sunnah السنة is the route, way, norm, practice, line of conduct ... (no matter whether it is a good path or wrong). Applied to ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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2 votes
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Do these four Sources of osol-al fiqh have equal authority?

The simple answer is no the osol have a clear order however the details make a clear distinction between the schools of thoughts. First of all there's a difference in these osols themselves: There are ...
Jamila's user avatar
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2 votes
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What do Rajih and Marjuh mean in Usool-ul-Fiqh?

First of all both terms ar-Raajih الراجح and al-Marjooh المرجوح, are not a topic which is usually discussed or expanded in general works on Osool al-Fiqh أصول الفقه. But the later has a huge impact on ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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1 vote

What do Rajih and Marjuh mean in Usool-ul-Fiqh?

Asalaam alaikum simple definition would be rajih and marjuh are opposites of each other. With the following examples I will try to clarify a little more, insha Allah. DEFINITION Rajih is defined as ...
ahmad nazeem's user avatar
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1 vote

What is the difference between Usul-fiqh/Usul-Din and Quranic studies and Sharia and Islamic Studies?

From what I know, Usul-al-Din is a Shia belief and Usul-al-Fiqh is both Sunni and Shia belief Usul-al-Din means (Principles of the Religion) while Usul-al-Fiqh means (Principles of Jurisprudence). 1....
Muslim_1234's user avatar
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1 vote

What are the characteristics of 'illal (criteria) that distinguish them from hikam (benefits)?

I'm busy studying this science, so I'll try my best to explain but please forgive me if it's unclear as a result. Take the example of fasting in Ramadan. If the new moon is sighted, you have to fast. ...
moinudin's user avatar
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1 vote

What are the characteristics of 'illal (criteria) that distinguish them from hikam (benefits)?

'Illah is the cause for which the rule is actually ruled, while Hikmah is the benefit residing in the rule. For example, it is encouraged for people to cover their head when they go to WC, one may ...
owari's user avatar
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1 vote

When does an order constitute fard?

My answer relies a lot on the deleted answer of @Medi1Saif: Based on ibn 'Ashirs عبد الواحد بن عاشر definition in his al-Murshid al-Mo'yn المرشد المعين على الضروري من علوم الدين (A Maliki reference): ...
Jamila's user avatar
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1 vote

What is the difference between 'illa and sabab in usul al fiqh?

Sabab is used as synonym for 'illah, and the two are often used interchangeably. Yet the ulema of usul tend to use sabab in reference to devotional matters (ibadat) but use 'illah in all other ...
Mohammad Saeed Al-Rahawan's user avatar
1 vote

How do no Madhhab sects determine strongest opinion?

Logic or reasoning. Basically, no-madhhab sects consider that it is an individual's responsibility if he has studied the basics of Islamic Law (which are mostly the same across all maddhabs) to ...
The Z's user avatar
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1 vote

What exactly do shia scholars mean with 'aql (intellect)? Explain with examples!

This is my personal understanding of the issue. A more complete and sound answer can be found here (you should probably use translators if you cannot read in Persian/Farsi) First of all, in the common ...
owari's user avatar
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1 vote

What is the difference between qiyas and istislah?

Istislah is to consider whatever is best for the common good of society. Example: In Morocco, a girl was forced to marry the man who molested her. The judge used the idea of Istislah as an excuse ...
Sayyid's user avatar
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