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14

By the sun and its brightness And the moon when it follows it And the day when it displays it And the night when it covers it Surat al-Shams 1-4 During the time of the prophet, as was also the case in the Hebrew world and in pre-Islamic Arabia, the day was not calculated as a twenty-four hour period starting at midnight (as our ...


7

This is a metaphor. In the old days before Islam, Arabs used to curse time whenever a problem or an accident happened to them. So the prophet said don't curse time for it is Allah Who is the Time (which is a metaphor) which means don't curse the doer of the problem or accident because the doer is Allah (before they knew Allah they thought it's the time which ...


7

The fajr time will last long till the sun-rises. It was narrated from Abdullah bin Amr (RA) that the Prophet (PBUH) said, “The time for Zuhr is so long as Asr has not come. The time for Asr is so long as the sun has not turned yellow. The time for Maghrib is so long as the twilight has not disappeared. The time for Isha is so long as half of the ...


6

Well, it is a little bit hard to explicitly answer as shortly as stating yes or no, but let only clarify the situation to some extent. Based on this answer, time is a creation of Allah, and Allah is not bounded to His own creation so Allah is just beyond the notion of time. That is, all past, present, and future are the same in the view of Allah. The past, ...


5

Zuhr's time starts after the sun has declined from its zenith (Zawal), and Asr's time naturally starts after Zuhr. The issue is that the length of the shadow cast by an object varies with location (longitude\latitude) and the seasons (summer\winter). There are places and times where the minimum length of an object's shadow (at the Sun's Zenith) is equal ...


4

You can't do Hajj at ANYTIME except its specified due time in the 12th month of Dhu al-Hijjah. Umrah, on the other hand, is open ended; you can do it absolutely anytime. The best time for Umrah (the time when the Prophet (PBUH) did all of his 4 Umrahs) is the 11th Arabic month of Dhu al-Qa'dah.


3

The Muslim tradition says that the ancient Arabs did practice intercalation (nasīʼ), but this was abolished by the Prophet at the time of the “Farewell Pilgrimage” in the year 10 of the Hijra. This is eluded to in Qur’an 9:37: “nasīʼ is merely an increase in disbelief; those who disbelieved have been misled in (or: by) it, in that they permit it one year ...


3

It sounds like you knew you were going to be fasting, and you did not realize the fast had started. This sounds like it is squarely in the category of forgetful breaking of the fast and therefore your fast is not invalidated by that action. There's a pretty solid breakdown of the rules here at The Fiqh of Fasting and here it is related that The Prophet (...


3

I'm not sure if the following links would help, but they are source code for what seem to be similar projects: Code Project: Convert bet3. ween Hijri Calendar and Gregorian Calendar PHP based Open Source Hijri Calendar A Stack-Overflow question that links to Hijri Calendar source Note that several apps and utilities exist on pretty much all the major ...


3

I'm no scholar of course, and this is not a fatwa, however: We have been told that: Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decrees a matter, He only says to it, "Be," and it is. Source: http://quran.com/2/117 i.e. he can do anything and everything he wills. So I think if Allah wanted to change time he could, but I don't think he will ...


3

Deeds are rewarded according to your situation and your intention. For example, a woman in her menses can't pray, but a man must pray in that time period. Each act of worship comes with conditions (shuroot) and pillars (arkan) (and wajibaat and sunan etc.). Those conditions apply to each individual and his/her circumstances. So for example, if the crescent ...


3

The answer is simple... Initiating a Nafl prayer in the times you mentioned is impermissible(I will not go into details since it is out of your question's scope). Obligatory (FARD) prayer is not included in that because of other Hadith: He who forgets the prayer should perform it when he remembers it, there is no penance for it, except this. Qatada ...


3

From a Sunni point of view, there is nothing special about Rajab 27th (or Sha'ban 15th for that matter). One should not observe these occasions with any special additional acts (prayers, fasting, etc.). Additional acts of worship are always good to perform, but one should not single out a specific time or place as being special without a form of endorsement ...


3

I am not aware of any country that syncs clocks with the time for maghrib. Apart from the immense confusion that such a practice would create, it would also require specialized clocks or periodic resetting since the time from one Maghrib to the next Maghrib is not 24 hours, but usually something like 23 hours 58 minutes or 24 hours 2 minutes, it constantly ...


3

Allah (ﷻ) specifically pointed out that prayer has specified, fixed times (see verse below). That is where the great focus and emphasis on exact times comes from. Whether you use a clock to keep track of time or the sun, you're still trying to get the exact times and pray on time. Prayer outside of its time frame is rejected. Qur'an 4:103 فإذا قضيتم ...


2

According to Muhammad al-Baqir --peace be upon him-- during a debate with a Christian scholar (see here), there is a period of time that neither is considered within day and nor night. But this time is a time from the heavens, Dua is accepted during such times and more, and this occurs between Fajr and Sunrise. So that means that days are from sunrise to ...


2

One should break one's fast once one confirms (through listening to adhān, or through other means) that the time for maghrib has started. Delaying it by 1-2 minutes, or any other arbitrary number of minutes for that matter, is a custom that was not followed by the Prophet ﷺ. In fact, he commanded us to do the opposite: عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ أَنَّ ...


2

There is no restriction on time for Qada' (قضاء) prayer. When you remember that you have not made a salat yet, then you must try to make it right away. Qatada narrated on the authority of Anas b. Malik that the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: He who forgets the prayer, or he slept (and it was omitted), its expiation is (only) that he ...


2

Pretty much every ancient and religious civilization used the lunar calendar, except those who worshiped the Sun. They were the only ones to use a solar calendar. Even the original Christians used a lunar calendar until the Romans introduced polytheism into Christianity and changed the calculations. So it's not really a matter of religion, it's what ...


2

Alsalam You have to wait for 20 minutes after sunrise. You can easily find the sunrise time each day on any website. The reason why prayer at these times is not allowed is so as to avoid any resemblance to the kuffaar who prostrate to the sun when it rises as a greeting to it and to express their joy. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ...


2

Do you mean performing the missed fajr prayer? If yes, then you can perform it anytime after sunrise or during the day, no need to wait. Except that if you want to perform it along with your zohr/asr/maghrib prayer then make sure u first perform zohr/asr/maghrib and then fajr salah because the time of zohr has entered.


2

Extracted from this link: It is mustahabb to stay in the mosque after Fajr prayer until the sun rises, because this is what the Prophet (SAW) and his companions did, and because there is great reward in that. Muslim (670) narrated from Jaabir ibn Samurah that when the Prophet (SAW) had prayed Fajr, he would sit in his prayer place until the sun had ...


2

According to this Arabic fatwa on islamweb #36821 it is permissible to continue praying the night prayer (salat al-Lail) after the adhan of fajr (the first adhan if performed at your place or the call on the sixth أذان السدس) and go on praying until the adhan of sobh (true fajr: which is referred to as the redness of the dawn or when the white shades moves ...


2

some indicated some methods to get a better idea of time, but even with everything you say, looking at shadows, etc, you get a relative time period and nothing remotely close to precise timing with a clock down to minutes, and even seconds. More over, at nights(and dawn etc), there was no means to know what time it was, as it is also noted in Quran in one ...


1

ad-Dahr is one of Allah's names that we know through Hadith Qudsi, and it's not a creation of Allah. ad-Dahr is something that is infinite, i.e. it has not beginning or end. It cannot be measured. Sort of like an eon, but not exactly. ad-Dahr is different from what we call as the measurement of time - waqt/zaman So the issue is in the interpretation of ...


1

Quran specifically warns against those adding extra days/months to lunar calendar, which is commonly done to mirror solar year.


1

As Salaamu alaikum Brother, The Islamic months are calculated based on the cycle of the moon. That is how Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) has taught us to calculate the months. The cycle of moon is 29 or 30 days for every month. We have no right to calculate differently other than what our Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) has taught us. The cycle of the moon also does not ...


1

Thinking more about it, lunar calendar is more easy to follow than the solar calendar. People of all places/ways/styles/advances/etc can easily count days just by looking at varying shapes of the moon. As sun does not changes its appearance, dates cannot be counted just by looking at the sun and needs external astronomical means for this. This is one of the ...


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