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In fact when you check tafsir books there are at least two different opinions on when it was revealed: some say after the battle of Khaybar (in the year 7 a.H. meaning 3 years before the Prophet's death), in that case it was actually revealed in Medina and was a promise or announcement of a future happening. Al-Wahidi الواحدي in his asbaab an-nuzul has ...


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In his commentary on the Qur'an (Al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir), Muhammad al-Tahir ibn Ashur mentioned that there is a consensus that Surat al-Nasr is madaniyyah (revealed in Medina), save for one athar. The tradition you are asking about is most likely that athar attributed to 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar, which states that it was revealed in Mina. The chain of narration ...


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According to Imam al-Qurtobi in his tafsir five reasons for the lack of al-Basmalah (Bismillahi ar-Rahmani ar-Rahim) in surath bara'ah براءة or at-Taubah (at-Tawbah) have been quoted by scholars: It was said that the Arabs in al-Jahiliya if they had a treaty with others and wanted to refute it they addressed them a Letter which didn't start with al-Basmalah....


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Most copies of the Qur'an have an entry at the beginning of each sura stating the name of the sura, whether it is Meccan or Medinan, and how many verses it contains. These superscriptions are not considered to be part of the revealed text, but they are fairly uniform in copies of the Qur'an. Just one example (below): the last word on the left in the gilded ...


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If one checks most tafsir books he finds that apparently, there's not really much to say about this verse (ibn Kathir even doesn't explain the verse at all), only the fiqh dispute whether it is a verse which requires sujud or not is widely discussed so among those who said no are the Imams abu Hanifa, Malik (in al-Muwatta' and al-Mudawanah) and Sufyan at-...


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There's a kind of difference of opinion on whether the names of the surahs of the qur'an are proven to be given by the prophet () through divine guidance (this is often referred to as tawqeef التوقيف in Arabic language) or whether they are based on ijtihad of the sahabah () as we know the collection and compilation of the qur'an in one book has been ...


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Let's start by checking the meaning from the Qur'an itself: You will find this word ( the Arabic noun) Surah/Sura سُورة (plural suwar سُوَر or surat سُورات) in many Qur'an Verses (I'm not sure if i quote all of them): In Surat at-Tawba (9:64), (9:86), (9:124), (9:127) In Surat Hud (11:13) In Surat an-Nur (24:1) And in Surat Mohammad (47:20) In all of ...


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I think the first meaning that you said ("Enclosure") is the best. It means that soorah is like a fence or wall to keep around some ayahs in Quran-Karim.


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Quoting from Soorat al-Isra’ is also called Soorat Bani Isra’eel (read this full link for better understanding and full details.): Soorat al-Isra’ is called Soorat Bani Israa’eel in two saheeh mawqoof hadeeths, in which it is the words of the Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them): The first hadeeth was narrated from ‘Abd-Allah ibn Mas‘ood (may Allah be ...


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I think to your concern I could find half of an answer because I still have no clue about the order of surat al-Qalam. There have been two periods of silence. After the first period of silence which was right after the first revelation of surat Iqra' (al-'alaq). And this period ended by the revelation of some verses of surat al-Mudathir, as stated in sahih ...


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There is nothing like that mentioned in any Hadith that you cannot recite the same surah or that the Surah in present Rakat should be greater than the next Rakat surat. In fact, Surah Fatiha is the only thing you are required to recite. You do not have to recite anything else, although it is mustahab to do so. It was narrated that ‘Ata’ said: Abu Hurayrah ...


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What you are referring to is what is called tankees تَنْكِيس. The majority of scholars define it by reading the verses of quran in the reverse order for example reciting a surah beginning with the last verse and ending with the first verse. And this is forbidden. Some scholars even defined tankees as reading for example surat al-Kahf (18) before surat al-...


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All Praise to Allah Subhanahu wa Taala and blessings of Him be on Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him His family and companions, You would have heard about the recitation of Surahs in prayers in a reversed way I guess, like to recite Surah An Naas in the 1st rakah and then recite Surah Al Falaq in the 2nd Rakah. According to Hanafi Fiqh it is Makrooh ...


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Surahs can have multiple names. What names is used by a certain person or in a certain publication would depend on convention: the name that they perceive is more familiar to their audience. Chapter 111 is called تبت (Tabat) from the first word of the first verse, لهب (Lahab) from the fourth word of the first verse and مسد (Masad) from the last word of ...


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The people of the book were in consensus that Allah took the covenant of the Prophets, [saying], "Whatever I give you of the Scripture and wisdom and then there comes to you a messenger confirming what is with you, you [must] believe in him and support him." (3:81) and that they asked to believe and follow this covenant! You may read traces of that if you ...


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One very weak narration I came across is this mentioned in tafsir ibn Kathir: Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Ibn Abi Ad-Dunya recorded that Ja'far bin Zayd Al-'Abdi said, "One night, in Al-Madinah, 'Umar went out investigating the welfare of Muslims and passed by the house of a man who was standing in voluntary prayer. 'Umar stood quietly, listening to his recitation; ...


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Surah names were identified by the Messenger ﷺ. There are multiple hadiths where surah names are mentioned. More information can be found in this (Arabic) fatwa: http://fatwa.islamweb.net/fatwa/index.php?page=showfatwa&Option=FatwaId&Id=9138


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This is a case where everything is banned except what is specifically allowed. The ayah is clear about this: "And they who guard their private parts Except from their wives or those their right hands possess, for indeed, they will not be blamed -But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors. Allah bans explicitly everything except wives ...


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You're readings your own words into the hadith. It nowhere says that haram thing needs to be explicitly named, only that if something is not forbidden (directly or indirectly in any way at all) then you can hope for Allah's pardon. Masturbation is not directly named but it is rationally included in: "But whoever seeks beyond that". Take this example. You ...


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Bismillah hir rahman nir raheem Wa alaykum as sallam wa rahmatullah wa baraktuhu Yes and in many other places in quran allah refers to himself as we,this is known in the arabic and English language as when a "royal we". Allah knows best as sallamu alaykum


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Allah has many names like Allah, Ar-Rahman, Ar-Raheem, Al-Malik, Al-Qudoos ... Muhammad (SAW) has many names like Muhammad, Ahmed, Al-Muzzammil, Al-Muddathir, Rasul Allah ... Quran has many names like Quran, Furqan, Al-Kitab, Al-Hakim ... Similarly many Surahs have multiple names. The order of the Surahs are from wahi, as Jibreel used to go through the ...


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Some remarks In our (daily) use of Arabic language we consider both nouns al-Fuad الفؤاد and al-Qalb القلب as synonyms, but this isn't the case in the Qur'an and sunnah (see for example in this sahih hadith). Note that al-Qalb could also refer to anything which is inside of something else or the centre of it. It is also often used referring to the mind (...


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Yes, another one is Hashr surah 59 ayas 23-24 Huwa Allāhu Al-Ladhī Lā 'Ilāha 'Illā Huwa Al-Maliku Al-Quddūsu As-Salāmu Al-Mu'uminu Al-Muhayminu Al-Azīzu Al-Jabbāru Al-Mutakabbiru ۚ Subĥāna AllāhiAmmā Yushrikūna He is God; besides Whom there is no god; the Sovereign, the Holy, the Peace-Giver, the Faith-Giver, the Overseer, the Almighty, the Omnipotent,...


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"Murder" is "unlawful killing" (plus sometimes some additional requirement, often something like it was premeditated, or that you had very bad reasons for the killing, for example as a hitman) in every system of law i know of, so no, you can't murder under islam. There are a few instances where you can kill someone, and those include: if you are the ...


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"Did he ask to be covered in a cloak namely because he was initially afraid of the Angel?" Short answer: Yes A little detailed answer: At the beginning, people was believing that Allah is the creator of every creature, however they used to worship other Idols believing they intercedes for them to Allah. prophet Muhammad was used to sit alone in a cave ...


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It is permissible to recite a portion of a surah with a minimum of 3 iyayt after surah fatiha. If one forgets then attempt to remember if you cannot then go to ruku and continue.


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The obvious answer is to consult a work of Tafsir, as the comprehensive ones among them will cite any relevant hadith. Some hadith collections have a dedicated book on tafsir of Quranic verses, for example the كتاب التفسير of Bukhari and Muslim etc.


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Initially the surahs were demarcated but not named the way we see today. They were identified by some peculiarity mentioned in them. For example, to refer to Surah Al-Baqarah the phrase "the surah in which cow is mentioned" was spoken. With the passage of time it was shortened. Narrated by Al-Amash: I heard Al-Hajjaj saying on the pulpit, "The Sura in ...


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