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3 votes
Accepted

Establishment of Ownership of Spoils of war & captives

The majority (Maliki, Shafi'i, Hanbali) allow for distribution of spoils of war within the Dar al-Harb. Their evidence is that the Prophet ﷺ used to distribute the spoils like that, for example in the ...
UmH's user avatar
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3 votes

Clothing of slaves and 24:31

Refer to Did scholars say that the awrah of a female slave is from navel to knee? Most of the scholars hold that the 'awrah of a slave woman with respect to a stranger is more relaxed compared to that ...
UmH's user avatar
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3 votes

Can Muslims be enslaved by other Muslims?

A Muslim can own a Muslim slave. There are verses in the Quran which mention Muslim (believing) slaves such as 4:25 and 4:92 and 2:221. Muslim slaves can exist by the following means: A disbeliever ...
UmH's user avatar
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2 votes

Owning slaves today

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم Shaykh Salih Al Muslih was asked ما حكم الرقيق الموجود الآن فى العالم، هل يأخذ حكم ملك اليمين فى جِماعها والخلوة بها؟ علمًا بأن تجارة الرقيق تجد ...
Mohammad Alam's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

Is pemission of slave's family necessary for marriage?

"Their people" in this verse means "their masters." It is obligatory to have the permission of the master of a slave before marrying her. Tabari says: ⟪with the permission of ...
The Z's user avatar
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2 votes
Accepted

Did Hadrat Muhammad (SAW) marry any slave?

No. A man can have lawful relations with a slave woman by the following means: Concubinage (تسري) rather than marriage. This can be done with a slave that he owns himself completely as ownership is ...
UmH's user avatar
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2 votes

Do slaves have to undergo iddat?

They do have a waiting period but not necessarily iddah. The waiting period for a slave woman depends on what ended her previous relationship: Capture: If the woman was initially a harbi non-muslim ...
UmH's user avatar
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2 votes

What are the sources of slavery in Islam?

Sources of slavery in Islam: The following are valid sources of obtaining slaves: A Harbi can be captured and enslaved. These are then distributed as spoils of war and those who receive them can keep ...
UmH's user avatar
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2 votes

Can muslim soldiers have intimacy with the female prisoners of war, before it has been decided to enslave them?

Concubinage is only allowed when a person has ownership over a female slave. والذين هم لفروجهم حافظون إلا على أزواجهم أو ما ملكت أيمانهم فإنهم غير ملومين فمن ابتغى وراء ذلك فأولئك هم العادون And they ...
UmH's user avatar
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2 votes

Athar regarding adornment of slave-girls

The reports in which a transmitter is not properly identified and mentioned instead as 'some of his elders' or 'a woman ' can not be judged for authenticity and are considered weak. Anyways, the ...
UmH's user avatar
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2 votes

Voluntarily slave ? allowed or Not ? a clear ayah or Hadith can some one mention pls

وَعَلَيْكُمُ ٱلسَّلَامُ وَرَحْمَةُ ٱللَّٰهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ بِسْمِ ٱللَّٰهِ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ The general principle is that enslavement of Kuffar can only occur in the case of Jihad as per ...
Mohammad Alam's user avatar
1 vote

Can your coerce your Zorostrian slave to become a Muslim?

There should be no compulsion in accepting religion according to the Quran: There is no compulsion in matter of faith. Distinct is the way of guidance now from error. He who turns away from the ...
Battle of Karbala's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

Mahram of Married Slave In case of Hajj & Umrah

Hajj is not due on slaves - as Hajj requires having the means to perform it and slaves do not have these means as they do not own property and are preoccupied due to the commitment to their owners. ...
UmH's user avatar
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1 vote

Establishment of Ownership of Spoils of war & captives

As for the distribution of the spoils of war, there's no prescription on where to do it. It is up to the Muslim leader to decide when the right moment is for that. However, it can only be done if the ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

Why is Maria al-Qibtiyya considered a slave?

Status of Mariyah Mariyah al-Qibtiyyah is considered a slave because she has been described as such by the sahaba who were witnesses to the situation and by the tabieen who heard that from the sahaba ...
UmH's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

Athar regarding adornment of slave-girls

General classification of the Athaar First of all these 3 narrations are Athaar. Secondly, these Athaar are mentioned (in this order) in Musannaf ibn Abi Sahybah in a subchapter entitled: في تزيين ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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1 vote

Concubines/ Slaves

No. The mahrams due to lineage, suckling or marriage are also forbidden in concubinage. Further, if your sister is a slave and you somehow come to own her then she becomes free automatically, ...
UmH's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

What could be some reasons or explanations as to the enslaving of civilians (non combatants) in war?

Enslaving is just like taking POW (prisoners of war) in modern wars. It is upto the leader of army to take the decision on what to do with those captured. Their decision can be based on the collective ...
Shafeek's user avatar
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1 vote

What is the grading of this report about Ibn Umar kissing a slave?

This athar has been weakened by some scholars due to the criticism of the transmitter named Ali ibn Zaid, see islamqa.info. As far as its meaning is concerned: Having relations with slaves captured as ...
UmH's user avatar
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1 vote

Must a woman veil herself from her male slaves?

We have to understand that male slaves in the Muslim world were considered part of the family and were treated more like adopted sons. A male slave could look that much of his mistress which a man ...
Haleema Sabir's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

Must a woman veil herself from her male slaves?

The 'awrah of a woman in front of her own male slaves is disagreed upon. Most hold the opinion that her slave is like her mahram in this ruling (see What kind of clothes are to be worn around mahrams?)...
UmH's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

Is ransom required for freeing a muslim slave belonging to muharribs?

No, it is not required to pay ransom to the Ahl al-Harb when their prisoners or slaves have escaped of their own accord and joined us. Ransom is only paid to convince the enemy to let go of Muslim ...
UmH's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

Preconditions for freeing a slave in Islam

A slave does not need to be Muslim to be freed, unless you are talking about something specific such as the obligatory freeing of a slave such as in the expiation for murder. Although freeing a Muslim ...
UmH's user avatar
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1 vote

Is pemission of slave's family necessary for marriage?

It means the permission of the owner of the slave as stated in some other translations: فانكحوهن بإذن أهلهن So, marry them with the permission of their masters — Quran 4:25 The guardian of a slave ...
UmH's user avatar
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1 vote

Can Hadd punishments be given to slaves by the owner, without the ruler's permission?

There is disagreement on whether an owner can enforce hudud punishments on a slave that he\she owns. The main madhabs being: The owners can enforce all hudud punishments on their slaves. This is the ...
UmH's user avatar
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1 vote

Did Hadrat Muhammad (SAW) have a slave or not?

It is not contradictory because the first hadith only implies that the Prophet ﷺ had at least one concubine for at least some part of his life, whereas the second hadith asserts that he had not left ...
UmH's user avatar
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1 vote

Separation between mother and children in slavery

Yes. It is sinful to cause separation between a mother and her child when performing a transaction on slaves such as sale. For example if a female slave is sold to a buyer while she is the mother of ...
UmH's user avatar
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1 vote

Is voluntary slavery Islamic?

Definition of Voluntary Slavery As Per Wikipedia Voluntary slavery, in theory, is the condition of slavery entered into at a point of voluntary consent. It is distinguished from involuntary slavery ...
Mohammad Alam's user avatar
1 vote

Shouldn't a slave woman guard her private parts except from her spouse?

A slave concubine who is a Muslim or accepts Islam remains lawful for her master, as long as he too is a Muslim. She does not have to guard her private parts from her master. Please note that that the ...
UmH's user avatar
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1 vote

Are Muslim men allowed to take "sex slaves?"

Yes. Islam permits slavery. It also permits enslaving captives of war as one of the sources of slavery. It also allows for men to have sexual intimacy with female slaves via either marriage or ...
UmH's user avatar
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