Before answering your Questions, I'd like to explain my point of view by answering other questions.
Does Islam allow slavery?
The short answer is:Yes Islam allows slavery!
It is worth pointing out that you do not find any text in the Qur’aan
or Sunnah which enjoins taking others as slaves, whereas there are
dozens of texts in the Qur’aan and ...
Even though our Imams and Prophets accepted a slave system, Islam had a plan to free slaves gradually. What people don't normally pay attention to is that if a wrong system has entered a society, removing it needs time and scheduling. If you do something without considering all aspects, it'll have opposite results. It's like something infected with a ...
The Quran was written in a certain socio-cultural environment. In that environment and era, slavery was not only common but quite the norm. See Slavery article in Wikipedia for history.
In Arabia, before Islam, non-criminal sexual relationships between sexes comprised of three forms:
Between husband and wife
Out of wedlock and outside of ...
You are confusing "obtaining slaves" with "enslaving people".
It is right (@Aboudi can read about it here) that Islam restricts the way to enslave people to prisoners of war that are not Muslim, as well as their wives and children.
But that does not mean one cannot buy human beings that are already slaves, effectively "obtaining new slaves".
The verse ...
Prostitution is considered haram in Islam. (See IslamWeb for a fatwa on this.)
Sex outside of marriage (zina, or "fornication") is strongly and directly forbidden e.g. in Qur'an 17:32 (...do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse...) and in Sahih al-Bukhari 6810 (...the one who commits an illegal sexual intercourse is not a believer at the time of ...
I am assuming that you are referring to Kaffarah (expiation) for fasting in Ramadan. This applies to when you intended to fast but broke it or if you had intercourse during the daytime in Ramadan.
If you did not fast at all and did not have intercourse then the expiation of freeing a slave does not apply, AFAIK, you only need to repent and make up for ...
In both ahadith from Jami' at-Tirmdihi al-Mobarakfori or Abdurrahmaan ibn Abdarrahim Mubarakpuri (died 1953) محمد بن عبد الرحمن بن عبد الرحيم المباركفوري in his tohfat al-Ahodi تحفة الأحوذي says that the meaning is that they are like captives, as men have "control over them"
( فإنما هن عوان عندكم ) جمع عانية ، أي أسراء كالأسراء ، شبهن بهن عند الرجال ...
ملكت أيمانكم (Malakat aymanukum) means those who you own, i.e. slaves. Refer to 4:25, 24:32, 30:28, 16:17, 16:75 etc.
It is permissible for a Muslim man to have sexual relations with a slave woman that he personally owns, without requiring a marriage contract (Nikah) since the exclusive ownership and authority substitutes for that.
And they who guard ...
Children are blameless as they have no control over the actions of their parents. They are not enslaved as punishment since such a thing is illogical, just because someone gets the short end of the stick does not mean that Islam's intent is to punish them. Rather, the rationale for making it permitted to enslave them is:
The parents are ...
Medi1Saif's answer is correct. The only mode of enslavement that is permissible under Islam is the enslavement of prisoners of war, if the ruler chooses that.
Islam limited the sources of slaves that existed before the beginning
of the Prophet’s mission to one way only: enslavement through war
which was imposed on kaafir ...
The Islamic legal method of forcing someone to do something is to imprison them until they agree to do it. The punishment for runaway slaves as mentioned in Hidayah:
When the runaway is brought to the sultan, he is to imprison him, but
if the lost slave is brought to him he is not to imprison him. The
reason is that he cannot be sure that the runaway ...
Prostitution is not allowed in Islam, by slaves or otherwise, and the earnings of prostitution are haram.
The Prophet (ﷺ) prohibited the earnings of slave girls (through
prostitution). Saheeh Bukhari
The Prophet (ﷺ) prohibited taking the price of a dog, the earnings of
a soothsayer and the money earned by prostitution. Saheeh Bukhari
In short: If there is a war with a non-muslim entity and the Caliph chooses to enslave the prisoners and grants a slave to a soldier then sexual relations can be had with those slaves and the slave can be sold to other owners who may similarly have sexual relations with them.
Non-muslim prisoners of war can be enslaved if the Caliph chooses that, he can ...
In the name of Allah the merciful the compassionate
O you who believe! retaliation is prescribed for you in the matter of
the slain; the free for the free, and the slave for the slave, and the
female for the female; but if any remission is made to any one by his
(aggrieved) brother, then (the demand for the bloodwit) should be made
according to ...
Actually it should be taken as a combination of two Aayahs (verses),
"O those who believe, the Qisas has been enjoined upon you - freeman
for a freeman, slave for a slave and female for a female. If one is
then forgiven something by his brother, then there is pursuing as
recognized and payment to him in fairness. That is a relief from your
Islam accepts/accepted slavery because at the time Islam was revealed, slavery was deeply rooted in the community that it couldn't be cleared at once. However, Islam doesn't allow enslaving free peaceful people for any reason, be them Muslim or non-Muslims.
So if someone is free (i.e, not a slave to anyone else) and peaceful, then Islam doesn't allow anyone ...
The verse you've quoted yourself is the most explicit reference to "prisoners of war" that I am aware of.
وما ملكت يمينك مما أفاء الله عليك
and those your right hand possesses from what Allah has returned to you [of captives]
— Quran 33:50 ; Word for Word
The verb أفاء is derived from the root فيء , and is used as a synonym for war booty (...
There are no means of getting slaves today, voluntarily or involuntarily. In Adwā' al-Bayān, Vol. 4, pp. 29, Mohammad al-Amīn ash-Shanqīti said that the only venue for right-hand possession is through prisoners from wars with disbelievers that are intended for Allah so that Allah's word prevail, this is if the ruler of the Muslim army does not elect to set ...
Having intercourse with a prostitute is forbidden (even through legal means such as marriage) and makes the person who does it a prostitute as well.
الزاني لا ينكح إلا زانية أو مشركة والزانية لا ينكحها إلا زان أو مشرك وحرم ذلك على المؤمنين
The fornicator does not marry except a [female] fornicator or polytheist, and none marries her except a ...
Islam permits slavery for those who come to fight against Muslims and Islam. Slavery is a kind of blessing for those who are slaves.
To understand this let me explain. Whenever someone is arrested obviously he is an enemy so should be killed straight away because he is enemy and came to kill Muslims but Islam restricts the owner of slaves to keep slave at ...
I think the definition of "slave" isn't always "(free) labour by force"
If you read Aristotle speak of slavery.
He does not believe that all citizens of captured cities will assimilate. Some undisciplined minds would not be able to adapt to a new culture, language and doctrines on their own. Since they preferred working with their body instead of their ...
As far as i know -and I'm talking about slave woman in general- there's no consensus about this matter in general.
A Muslim can't in any case have a Muslim slave (it's prohibited), only if she/he converted to Islam -later-: he can only marry a slave woman if she became free as the mulk al-yamyn (right hands possessing) is considered to be a stronger ...
Yes, she can because there is Ijma (consensus) that it is permissible to have intimate relations with slave women, even without marriage, and hence by consensus there is no 'awrah of a slave woman in front of her master هـ, because it follows logically from that permission.
This is proven in the Quran, where they are mentioned besides and separately from ...
As enslave means: To make someone (a free person) his slave: the answer is no.
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Prophet (ﷺ)
said, "Allah, the Exalted, says: 'I will contend on the Day of
Resurrection against three (types of) people: One who makes a covenant
in My Name and then breaks it; one who sells a free man as a ...
Well it's haraam for Muslims to fight each other and take each others properties.
But besides the scenario, it's permitted to have Muslim/Mumin slaves. Allah speaks about believing slaves in several ayahs of the Quran.
In Surah al-Baqara 2:221 =
And do not marry polytheistic women until they believe. And a believing slave woman is better than a ...
Tafsir Ibn Kathir takes verses 73-76 as God's commentary on the obvious foolishness of worshiping idols, namely, idols are manifestly inferior. God is equating the slave/master comparison to the idol/God comparison. After the question "Can [slaves] be equal?" Ibn Kathir inserts "(By no means)".
After Muhammad died, Abu Bakr decreed that all Arab slaves (not ...
Is there any account about these children ? Meaning, when reaching an adult age, were they offered freedom ?
We have at least two witnesses of the people of banu Quraydha or Qurayza whom some of us may know. One is the later wife of the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) -some scholars say she was only his concubine- Rayhana ريحانة بنت زيد (May Allah be ...
Basically the answer yes of course they were allowed and encouraged to buy slaves and set them free especially if these slaves were believers and also as a way to repent from sins or as a kafara (expiation). Therefore freeing slaves (either the own ones or by buying those of others) was considered a good deed or one of the highest levels of expiation and a ...
The Hanafi view as mentioned in Hidayah (arabic, english):
A man may look at the female slave of another, in the same manner as
at his kinswoman (mahram). EVERY part which it is lawful for a man to
look at in his female relation, may likewise be viewed by him in the
female slave of another, whether she be an absolute slave, a Modabbira
a Mokatiba, ...