No verse in the Qur'an mentions the number 12 in the way you think.
The closest reference from Quran is:
Chapter Ma'ede, 12:
وَلَقَدْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ مِيثَاقَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَبَعَثْنَا مِنْهُمُ اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ نَقِيبًا ۖ وَقَالَ اللَّهُ إِنِّي مَعَكُمْ ۖ
لَئِنْ أَقَمْتُمُ الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَيْتُمُ الزَّكَاةَ وَآمَنتُم
بِرُسُلِي وَعَزَّرْتُمُوهُمْ ...
In the Islamic lunar calendar there are four Haraam months (Muharram, Rajab, Dhu al-Qa'dah and Dhu al-Hijjah) and it's been Haraam for Arab tribes to fight against each other in these four months.
So if two Arab tribes were in a battle, at the beginning of these months they would have suspended the war and raise a red flag on the dome of the commander's ...
In the name of Allah, the most compassionate, the most merciful
According to Shia's viewpoint there must not be anyone except Allah to has the authority to assign the successor of the prophet.
Accordingly I reckon the answer of your question is ‘God’. Thus as you mentioned in your explanation part of the question, the mentioned verse of Holy Quran could ...
Shias believe the that the 12 imams are better than all prophets except Muhammad. They use the following verse as evidence:
"And when Abraham was tested by his Lord with certain commands and he fulfilled them. Then He said: Lo! I appoint you an Imam for mankind.”(Qur’an 2:124).
وَإِذِ ابْتَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ رَبُّهُ بِكَلِمَاتٍ فَأَتَمَّهُنَّ قَالَ ...
There is difference of opinion on this, the following interpretations have been related:
It means the rulers ( أمراء ) who are appointed over people. This is because the previous verse instructs them:
إن الله يأمركم أن تؤدوا الأمانات إلى أهلها وإذا حكمتم بين الناس أن تحكموا بالعدل
Indeed, Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and ...
Being a Hojjat is irrelevant of being passed away or not. For example Quran is a Hojjat for Muslims and is Hojjat for always.
If a person or a thing is a Hojjat for Muslims so all Muslims have obligation to obey and follow it/him.
Prophet Muhammad (SAWW) is a Hojjat for Muslims. So all Muslims have obligation to obey and follow him. And if do not obey ...
The names of the Imams according to the sunni sources:
1- ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (may Allaah be pleased with him) who was
martyred in 40 AH.
2- Al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him) (3-50 AH)
3- Al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him) (4-61 AH)
4- ‘Ali Zayn al-‘Aabideen ibn al-Husayn (38-95 AH), whom ...
With respect to the meaning of Hujjah, it could be said that the word 'Hujjah' would be applied to the thing (matter) which we can infer or argue to it (as a brief description). (Read More... but source not in English)
The word "hujjah" has been used in different occasions in the holy Qur'an at verses like 4:165 and 8:149.
But in context to Shia Imams,
Initially, it might be needed to point out that occasionally there might be a series of facts/orders which are not directly mentioned in the Qur’an, but we cannot deny/reject their Wojub (being Wajib) due to the lack of their direct or indirect presence in the Holy Quran. E.g.:
The Quran has mentioned the concept of prayer and the times it should
Muhsin ibn Ali (as) was not contemporary to the Holy Prophet (sawa). Sunni sources apparently don't give a date of his death. According to the Shia he died before birth due to a miscarriage that Lady Fatima (as) sustained during attack on their house. But Sunni sources are mostly silent on the cause of his death. See this Wikishia entry for greater ...
Let me dissect your questions:
Were there non-Imam Prophets as per Shia Islam?
AFAIK only Prophet Ibrahim and Prophet Muhammad were also Imams.
Does the Qur'an instruct us to not distinguish between Prophets?
In terms of their message their is nothing different about them. But are some prophets higher in rank?
There are verses in Quran speaking nobly of ...
Firstly, I appreciate your endeavor for making such useful site as you remarked:
i wanna launch a site just for Muslim brother and sisters who are
seeking a partner
Secondly it won't be haram by itself, as can reach many couples to each others (by getting marriage), but the significant point is that it can be a place for haram acts as well, by ...
Imam Sadiq (PBUH) and Imam Baqir (PBUH) seem to be the most narrated Hadith Imams whose Hadithes are available*
As you might know, several papers of Ahadith were narrated by Imam Hadi (PBUH) that got burnt not a long time later.
Or many Ahadith of Imam Ali (PBUH) had been censored by the government of that time.
According to the chief of the “Hawza-Elmia-Qom Mahdaviat expert center”, it is declared that:
Imam Sadiq (الامام جعفرالصادق علیه السلام) has the most traditions (hadiths) (which have been quoted from him...) as the sixth Imam of Shiite.
In other word, the most hadiths have narrated from him in compare with other Shia Imams. In addition to Imam Jafar-Al-...
Yes, of course. Actually, the rank of (Shia Islam) Imams is higher than all prophets (except Prophet Mohammad [peace be upon him and his family]).
It has been stated in our religious teachings that all prophets and
messengers have no advantage and virtue over the imams, other than the
fact that they bear prophethood, while the imams ...
Battle of Karbala's answer is great. There is an important difference he forgot to mention:
Jaber asked Imam Sadiq: Why don't you claim what belongs to you? (Why don't you take control of the Ummah, you're the rightful leaders?)
Imam Sadiq replied:
یا جابِر مَثَلُ الإِمامِ مَثَلُ الْکَعْبَةِ اِذْ یُؤتی وَلایَأْتی
Oh Jabir the position of the Imam (...
Imam is the custodian of Prophet, he may be regarded as representative of Prophet. In the absence/ any controversy, he has to explain true Islamic Jurisdiction, because he has got knowledge of Prophet, he has the knowledge, gifted by Prophet, whereas, Prophet has be bestowed all, including knowledge by Almighty Allah.
Allah has comprehensive programme for ...