Times when praying is foribidden
Times when praying (an optional prayer) is forbidden are defined by this two ahadith (based on this Arabic fatwa):
Uqba b. 'Amir said:
There were three times at which Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) forbade us to pray, or bury our dead: When the sun begins to rise till it is fully up, when the sun is at its height at midday till ...
The following hadith of Sahih Muslim says:
وَوَقْتُ صَلاَةِ الْمَغْرِبِ مَا لَمْ يَغِبِ الشَّفَقُ
the time of the Maghrib prayer is as long as the Shafaq has not
The Shafaq may refer to:
the red light that appears when the sun is below the horizon
the white light that appears after the red light
I believe this has caused the ...
The criteria for the times (start and end) of each prayer is defined by the following hadith in Sahih Muslim:
وعَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ: وَقْتُ الظُّهْرِ إِذَا زَالَتِ الشَّمْسُ وَكَانَ ظِلُّ الرَّجُلِ كَطُولِهِ مَا لَمْ يَحْضُرِ الْعَصْرُ وَوَقْتُ الْعَصْرِ مَا لَمْ تَصْفَرَّ الشَّمْسُ وَوَقْتُ ...
Prayer times are traditionally calculated according to the position of the sun, regardless of the weather.
There is typically a 90 minute window (varies by season and location) for praying maghrib for it to be valid, so even though it's typically prayed at the beginning of that period it is permissible to delay it if you are unable to determine the position ...
All these calculation methods have some error ratio and the value of this ratio increases if you use the wrong method for the wrong location, as each method works best with a specific location. Which means in your location the ISNA (Islamic society of North America) method will be -at least among- the best.
Most of these methods consider special rulings of ...
There is nothing wrong with praying without hearing the call to prayer. You can in your house, offer the azan and then offer prayer at the appointed time.
Yes, as you have mentioned it is preferred to pray in jammat (congregation) but there is nothing that prayers are not accepted if you pray and haven't heard the call to prayer.
The hadees ...
Well a friend of mine is Hanafi and he told me that abu Hanifa used to say that one should take any opportunity Allah gives you.
This would mean you can pray Dohr and Assr as Jama' (joined- at the same time but as two different prayers) and qassr (shortened) (Dohr if you are still in your city should be done normally 4 Raka' and Assr 2 raka') and either you ...
Tamer Shlash's answer is all about fard prayers, let me provide the timings of nafil prayers.
It could be prayed after Isha and before Fajr Azaan. There is a hadith that after Isha whatever prayed will be considered as Thahajjud. But, praying at late night is the best time for it. If it is not possible to wake up before fajr Azaan, it is better ...
Muslim prayer times in fact change every day, although by a small amount (maybe a minute, or less). Over the course of a month, these increments add up. The salah times are described on Wikipedia, and they're based on the position of the sun, which is seasonal. For example, for fajr:
The time period within which the Fajr daily prayer must be offered (...
Allah (ﷻ) said, إن الصلاة كانت على المؤمنين كتابا موقوتا (Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times) - Qur'an 4:103. Just from being mentioned in the Qur'an specifically, you know it is an important condition.
Furthermore, the Prophet (ﷺ) said, أفضل الأعمال – أو العمل - الصلاة لوقتها (The best of' the deeds or deed is ...
It is not allowed to combine more than two prayers together, and the prayers combined can only be:
Dhuhr and 'asr, either during the time of dhuhr (taqdīm) or 'asr (ta'khīr), or
Maghrib and 'ishā', either during the time of maghrib (taqdīm) or 'ishā' (ta'khīr).
The rule is to pray every prayer in its specific time:
إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى ...
I don't know anything that claims that it is makruh to pray after midnight in general; to the best of my knowledge, the ruling you're referring to is specifically for the Isha prayer itself, and that it is makruh to delay that until after midnight.
Both Tahajjud and Witr are separate prayers for which that would not apply.
The validity of a prayer in first place depends on your niyyah. And whether you performed it in a valid manner or not (taharah, correct act of prayer). You may pray a prayer on time or later, the prayer will be the same only the rewards may get lost or may turn into misdeeds if you missed the (recommended) time frame.
If you didn't pray on time by mistake ...
Fasting and Prayer are independent acts missing one does not invalidate another. Fasting is only invalidated by intercourse, masturbation, menstruation, post-childbirth bleeding and deliberately eating, drinking and vomiting.
Allah (ﷻ) specifically pointed out that prayer has specified, fixed times (see verse below). That is where the great focus and emphasis on exact times comes from. Whether you use a clock to keep track of time or the sun, you're still trying to get the exact times and pray on time. Prayer outside of its time frame is rejected.
Qur'an 4:103 فإذا قضيتم ...
Yes you can join them. But joining does not mean without Salam. but means without a lot of time between two prayers.
We are allowed to pray noon and afternoon prayer one after another
(without a lot of delay between the two). Similarly we are allowed to
pray sunset prayer and night prayer one after another.
Actually it is better to ...
The logic behind this is that:
if azan is recited before time it will be invalid.
And if it is recited after due time it is valid.
So shia recite azan just after few minutes the calculated time to make sure it will be valid.
As nobody can precisely calculate the actual prayer time.
In response to your main question I have to mention that every prayer has its frame which comes in the books. We are said that we have to watch our salat to be done as the orders. And hope and request Allah to accept that. As you know all of us have problems in our salat, but believe in grace and mercifulness of Allah to accept our incomplete salat.
A person may be born in a muslim family, but there comes a time when he matures and accept Islam as his religion at a conscious level. This is the time when a person truly "accepts Islam". This is the time when he realize that he has done a great sin by leaving all the prayers when he was a "muslim", and now he has to make up for years of prayers.
The best time would be the last third of the night as came in Sahih Muslim:
Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:
When half of the night or two-third of it is over. Allah, the Blessed and the Exalted, descends to the lowest heaven and says: Is there any beggar, so that he be given? Is there any supplicator so that he be answered? Is there ...
The Prophet is reported to have said =
مَنْ سَمِعَ النِّدَاءَ فَلَمْ يَأْتِهِ فَلاَ صَلاَةَ لَهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ
"Whoever hears the call and does not come, has no prayer, unless there
(Sunan ibn Majah)
So it's obligatory to pray in Jamaah if you hear the adhan for the prayer.
But if you don't hear the adhan, ...
As stated before, you should follow the Salah timetable. It will differ from the place where you live and also from your Mazhab...
Time of Salah is related to the sun's position. One it's Hikmat is that anyone can, when he know the rules, pray just by looking at the sun, without any watch...
I will strongly suggest you to have a look at this small article :...
Depends on your personal scenario.
I am assuming the following, may be i am wrong:
You are a male,
You pray Isha and Fajr at home,
You are a working person who need to earn his bread. You need to go to work at ~10:00
Put your best emphasize on praying Isha, and Fajr at masjid / jamaat, if possible. That is way more important.
That being said, in your ...
No Fajr and Isha are both astronomical twilight's.
Fajr - when the night breaks.
Isha - when the night starts.
Night is the darkest part of the day when sun goes below 18 deg of horizon. When sun is at this position, it does not contribute to any light in the sky, hence the night.
After astronomical twilight, while it is still pretty much dark, there is ...
I think this page sums it up pretty well, in fact giving a general consensus of most of the scholars. According to that, there are no hard and fast rules in determining the exact solar elevation angle. It entirely depends in where you live, i.e. the time when you (in New York) spot the turn over from dark to light might differ when seen from Singapore.
its a Hadith by Hazrat Ayesha RA that when Prophet Muhammad SAW used to finish fajr prayers and women used to walk home you could not see them properly due to the darkness. So I think its Astronomical Twilight.
For a lot of Muslims, especially those living in non-Muslim majority countries, prayer tends to be quite inconvenient, because it can disrupt your daily activities or routine. For many, praying in public is embarrassing because for people who don't know what you're doing, it can look weird. As a result, many Muslims skip prayers, even though praying is ...