Good question! This is at least one scholarly answer to the question:
Whoever lives in a land in which the sun does not set during the
summer and does not rise during the winter, or who lives in a land in
which the day lasts for six months and the night lasts for six months,
for example, has to perform the five daily prayers in each twenty-four
...We said: Allah's Messenger, would one day's prayer suffice for the
prayers of day equal to one year? Thereupon he said: No, but you must
make an estimate of time (and then observe prayer)... (Sahih Muslim 41:7015)
Although the above hadith was reported regarding the time of Al-Dajjal, wherein he will walk the earth for forty days, one day like a year,...
There are two things here: the direction of the qiblah, and the prayer time.
About the first, you try your best to find the direction. These days it's relatively easy because most international flights (or flights longer than a few hours) have a navigation device in front of each seat which shows you which direction the plane is going. Try using that to ...
There are some cases:
If you've missed less than six Fardhs, then you must follow the order of these missed Fardhs. For example, if you've missed today's Dhuhr and Asr, and then came to Maghrib time, then you have to pray first Dhuhr, then Asr, and then Maghrib, which also means that you should follow the order even with the current Fardh, i.e, you should ...
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about a
man who was travelling by plane, and he did not know the direction of
the qiblah because no one else there knew it either. He prayed and he
did not know whether he was facing the qiblah during his prayer or
not. Is prayer in such circumstances valid?
He replied: If the ...
There is a Hadith about that (mentioned below), according to it the timings are:
Fajr: begins when dawn begins (and fasting begins), and ends when the land glows (with sunlight).
Dhuhr: begins when the shadow is similar to the length the strap of a sandal, and ends when everything's length is equal to it's shadow's length.
Asr: begins when everything's ...
Times when praying is foribidden
Times when praying (an optional prayer) is forbidden are defined by this two ahadith (based on this Arabic fatwa):
Uqba b. 'Amir said:
There were three times at which Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) forbade us to pray, or bury our dead: When the sun begins to rise till it is fully up, when the sun is at its height at midday till ...
In every area the sun rises and sunsets at different times based on the time zone, technically the sun does rise when it's 18 degrees below the horizon.
Astronomical dawn: the moment after which the sky is no longer completely dark; formally defined as the time at which the sun is 18 degrees below the horizon in the morning.
But this does not mean the ...
The following hadith of Sahih Muslim says:
وَوَقْتُ صَلاَةِ الْمَغْرِبِ مَا لَمْ يَغِبِ الشَّفَقُ
the time of the Maghrib prayer is as long as the Shafaq has not
The Shafaq may refer to:
the red light that appears when the sun is below the horizon
the white light that appears after the red light
I believe this has caused the ...
The criteria for the times (start and end) of each prayer is defined by the following hadith in Sahih Muslim:
وعَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ: وَقْتُ الظُّهْرِ إِذَا زَالَتِ الشَّمْسُ وَكَانَ ظِلُّ الرَّجُلِ كَطُولِهِ مَا لَمْ يَحْضُرِ الْعَصْرُ وَوَقْتُ الْعَصْرِ مَا لَمْ تَصْفَرَّ الشَّمْسُ وَوَقْتُ ...
This is a matter on which there is a difference of opinion (as is the matter of praying in the abnormal zones as a whole), and there is no single "right" definition; the simplest answer would be to pray according to the times of your local Islamic community, by whichever understanding they choose to follow.
The timings of the five daily salawat by the sun ...
Well a friend of mine is Hanafi and he told me that abu Hanifa used to say that one should take any opportunity Allah gives you.
This would mean you can pray Dohr and Assr as Jama' (joined- at the same time but as two different prayers) and qassr (shortened) (Dohr if you are still in your city should be done normally 4 Raka' and Assr 2 raka') and either you ...
Tamer Shlash's answer is all about fard prayers, let me provide the timings of nafil prayers.
It could be prayed after Isha and before Fajr Azaan. There is a hadith that after Isha whatever prayed will be considered as Thahajjud. But, praying at late night is the best time for it. If it is not possible to wake up before fajr Azaan, it is better ...
There is nothing wrong with praying without hearing the call to prayer. You can in your house, offer the azan and then offer prayer at the appointed time.
Yes, as you have mentioned it is preferred to pray in jammat (congregation) but there is nothing that prayers are not accepted if you pray and haven't heard the call to prayer.
The hadees ...
Muslim prayer times in fact change every day, although by a small amount (maybe a minute, or less). Over the course of a month, these increments add up. The salah times are described on Wikipedia, and they're based on the position of the sun, which is seasonal. For example, for fajr:
The time period within which the Fajr daily prayer must be offered (...
Allah (ﷻ) said, إن الصلاة كانت على المؤمنين كتابا موقوتا (Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times) - Qur'an 4:103. Just from being mentioned in the Qur'an specifically, you know it is an important condition.
Furthermore, the Prophet (ﷺ) said, أفضل الأعمال – أو العمل - الصلاة لوقتها (The best of' the deeds or deed is ...
It is not allowed to combine more than two prayers together, and the prayers combined can only be:
Dhuhr and 'asr, either during the time of dhuhr (taqdīm) or 'asr (ta'khīr), or
Maghrib and 'ishā', either during the time of maghrib (taqdīm) or 'ishā' (ta'khīr).
The rule is to pray every prayer in its specific time:
إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى ...
I don't know anything that claims that it is makruh to pray after midnight in general; to the best of my knowledge, the ruling you're referring to is specifically for the Isha prayer itself, and that it is makruh to delay that until after midnight.
Both Tahajjud and Witr are separate prayers for which that would not apply.
Fasting and Prayer are independent acts missing one does not invalidate another. Fasting is only invalidated by intercourse, masturbation, menstruation, post-childbirth bleeding and deliberately eating, drinking and vomiting.
Allah (ﷻ) specifically pointed out that prayer has specified, fixed times (see verse below). That is where the great focus and emphasis on exact times comes from. Whether you use a clock to keep track of time or the sun, you're still trying to get the exact times and pray on time. Prayer outside of its time frame is rejected.
Qur'an 4:103 فإذا قضيتم ...
Yes you can join them. But joining does not mean without Salam. but means without a lot of time between two prayers.
We are allowed to pray noon and afternoon prayer one after another
(without a lot of delay between the two). Similarly we are allowed to
pray sunset prayer and night prayer one after another.
Actually it is better to ...
The logic behind this is that:
if azan is recited before time it will be invalid.
And if it is recited after due time it is valid.
So shia recite azan just after few minutes the calculated time to make sure it will be valid.
As nobody can precisely calculate the actual prayer time.
In response to your main question I have to mention that every prayer has its frame which comes in the books. We are said that we have to watch our salat to be done as the orders. And hope and request Allah to accept that. As you know all of us have problems in our salat, but believe in grace and mercifulness of Allah to accept our incomplete salat.
A person may be born in a muslim family, but there comes a time when he matures and accept Islam as his religion at a conscious level. This is the time when a person truly "accepts Islam". This is the time when he realize that he has done a great sin by leaving all the prayers when he was a "muslim", and now he has to make up for years of prayers.
The best time would be the last third of the night as came in Sahih Muslim:
Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:
When half of the night or two-third of it is over. Allah, the Blessed and the Exalted, descends to the lowest heaven and says: Is there any beggar, so that he be given? Is there any supplicator so that he be answered? Is there ...
All these calculation methods have some error ratio and the value of this ratio increases if you use the wrong method for the wrong location, as each method works best with a specific location. Which means in your location the ISNA (Islamic society of North America) method will be -at least among- the best.
Most of these methods consider special rulings of ...
The Prophet is reported to have said =
مَنْ سَمِعَ النِّدَاءَ فَلَمْ يَأْتِهِ فَلاَ صَلاَةَ لَهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ
"Whoever hears the call and does not come, has no prayer, unless there
(Sunan ibn Majah)
So it's obligatory to pray in Jamaah if you hear the adhan for the prayer.
But if you don't hear the adhan, ...
As stated before, you should follow the Salah timetable. It will differ from the place where you live and also from your Mazhab...
Time of Salah is related to the sun's position. One it's Hikmat is that anyone can, when he know the rules, pray just by looking at the sun, without any watch...
I will strongly suggest you to have a look at this small article :...