Simple answer? Don't.
And it has already come down to you in the Book that when you hear the verses of Allah [recited], they are denied [by them] and ridiculed; so do not sit with them until they enter into another conversation. Indeed, you would then be like them. Indeed Allah will gather the hypocrites and disbelievers in Hell all together
Because non-Muslims disbelieve Allah, deny His messengers and revelations, disregard His signs, disobey His commands. So why should they have the same fate as the Muslims who submitted to and obeyed Allah and believed in His messengers and revelations?
Then is one who was a believer like one who was defiantly ...
As being a Muslim we know that the non Muslims doesn't give Zakat. There is no concept of Zakat in their religion. As if they show mercy towards poor people then they can gave money to any other NGO's but is not permissible to gave in any mosque. So in Islam this is not allowed up to some extent to take any money as a Zakat from the non Muslims.
I am Muslim and I have many non-muslim friends in my college and also during my school life. During the lunch break, we share our food with each other food, they don't hesitate to take a bite from my lunch box and neither I even when they are pure vegetarian (Don't even eat eggs).
Yes, that's right that we should have to be careful while eating meat offered ...
The part you request of the verse:
And never will the Jews or the Christians approve of you until you follow their religion.
In Arabic (the exact words):
وَلَن تَرْضَىٰ عَنكَ الْيَهُودُ وَلَا النَّصَارَىٰ حَتَّىٰ تَتَّبِعَ مِلَّتَهُمْ ۗ
The whole verse:
And never will the Jews or the Christians approve of you until you ...
Yes you are right non Muslim also do good things and they get their reward in this world. Allah almighty blessed them what they want on the behalf of their good deeds.
But the Muslims are much blessed because they have believed in Allah and his Prophet and the Holy book.
These beliefs make differences between Muslims and non Muslims.
So that's why they go ...
The hadith you've mentioned can be found in Sahih al-Bukhari (see for example in the book of good manners and forms: al-Adab, in the book of asking permission, in the book of fighting for the cause of Allah (Jihad), in the book of Invocations and in the book of dealing with apostates) and in Sahih Muslim) in several chapters too. Imam al-Bukhari also ...
According to this fatwa on islamweb #48460 (in Arabic).
Your interpretation of the significant parts is simply wrong:
O Allah! We implore You for help and beg forgiveness of You and believe in You and rely on You and extol You and we are thankful to You and are not ungrateful to You and we alienate and forsake those who disobey You.
اللهم إنا نستعينك ...
It is allowed to accept gifts from non-Muslims on their festivals.
As for the food, it is allowed to accept and eat the food that has no meat in it and nothing else haram.
'ʻAli may Allaah be pleased with him was given a gift on the Nayrooz festival (Persian festival) and asked, 'What is this?' They replied, 'Oh, Leader of the Believers, today is Nayrooz ...
If the food offered is permitted to eat, It doesn't matter who is offering ,cooking or serving. The only reason, Muslims would avoid any offered food is that, there is a high chance of contamination which may change the food into not permitted food. If you let them know clearly what you are going to offer them in food, they would never reject the permitted ...
Because they believe in and follow Mirza Ghulam Ahmad who claimed to be a prophet and claimed to have received revelations. This is contrary to core Islamic belief of the end of prophethood with Muhammad ﷺ. They also deviate in other beliefs which are considered necessities of religion, e.g. they believe that Jihad has been abrogated.
The Ahl al-Dhimma are permitted to worship according to their religion, because peace has been made with them on the condition of paying Jizyah and not on the condition of abandoning their religion.
قاتلوا ... حتى يعطوا الجزية
Fight ... until they give the jizyah
— Quran 9:29
فإن هم أبوا فسلهم الجزية فإن هم أجابوك فاقبل منهم وكف عنهم