A Hadith from Shahih-Al-Bhukhari states that
"Aa’ishah (ra) said: Anytime God’s messenger (pbuh) came to my house
after the Asr he prayed two Rak’ah." (Bukhari, 593)
The scholars of Islam have tried to find a reconciliation between Hadiths like the above and the ones that narrate that the Prophet (pbuh) forbade reading prayers after the Asr, however ...
Note that during the time of the prophet () there was only one call for prayer (adhan) of jumu'ah. But during the time of 'Othman a second call was introduced which was held earlier than the first call with a time gap.
In some madhhabs it is allowed or even recommended to pray a sunnah (or nafl) during this time gap. Some may pray ...
Evidences for sunnah or nafl before the jumu'ah prayer
Let's start by some evidences:
"Whoever takes a bath on Friday, purifies himself as much as he can, then uses his (hair) oil or perfumes himself with the scent of his house, then proceeds (for the Jumua prayer) and does not separate two persons sitting together (in the mosque), then prays as much as (...
In the name of Allah the most beneficent the most merciful
first it's important to offer our prayers in the way the prophet of Allah peace be upon him offered his prayers (it's important to follow him in every thing especially in salat ), even those things for whom our salat would be considered as correct without them are important, because we don't know ...
As far as I know nafl fasts is not mentioned in Qur'an directly but this ayah is general on fast:
"O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous -"
You can look hadith references in this article: VOLUNTARY FASTS
This prayer is considered a nafl and has no specific timing -as in the hadith quoting it there was no mentioning of a special time-. So basically you could perform it at any time of the day or night unless it is a time one shouldn't pray (non obligatory prayers) at.
Note that the word jumua'h in the hadith (which soundness is highly questionable) refers to ...
Depends on your personal scenario.
I am assuming the following, may be i am wrong:
You are a male,
You pray Isha and Fajr at home,
You are a working person who need to earn his bread. You need to go to work at ~10:00
Put your best emphasize on praying Isha, and Fajr at masjid / jamaat, if possible. That is way more important.
That being said, in your ...
The Greetings of The Mosque prayer is different to the Sunnah volntary prayers of Zuhr. The Greetings of the Mosque prayer only stands when you enter a mosque:
Abu Qataadah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “When one of you
enters the mosque, let him not sit down until he has prayed two
Narrated by Ayesha(Ra.),“Do not ever stop praying Qiyaam. The Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ) never ceased praying it. When he sallallaahualayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ) was sick or weak, he prayed sitting.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Even if there might be a difference of opinion on the amount of raka'as of sunnah or nafl prayers once you know that you have to pray them two by two or as sets of two raka's it should be clear that each (set) of them starts with a takbeer and ends with a tasleem. So you start with a takbeer (al-Ihraam) and pray two raka'as and say salam. For the second set ...
As the hadith on which this prayer is based is very doubtful (See for example: Must Salatul Tasbih be performed at least once in a lifetime? and Is it valid to offer salat ul tasbeeh after jummah prayer?) and as I really have no idea what dahwa e kubra means, but I know that some madhhabs consider a period of time before dhohr prayer as among the times of ...
You don't have to make up Sunnat and Nafl rakats, only Farz, because those are obligatory whereas the rest are additional good deeds but not required.
It is bad to delay prayers, but offering them late is better than never offering them at all.
Proceed with a strategy: Everyday offer double prayers. e.g each day offer:
Fajr: 2 Sunnat, 2 Farz and 2 Qazah ...
Allah's Apostle said to me, "The most beloved fasting to Allah was the fasting of (the Prophet) David who used to fast on alternate days. And the most beloved prayer to Allah was the prayer of David who used to sleep for (the first) half of the night and pray for 1/3 of it and (again) sleep for a sixth of it." (Source #631 here)
The essence of rising/...
The actual time for Tahajjud Salah is after one wakes up from his/her sleep and the most virtuous time is towards the latter portion of the night.  However if one is not able to awaken for the performance of Tahajjud Salah, then he/she should perform Nafl Salah before sleeping.