Mahram is derived from haram, it literally means "forbidden people", i.e. people with whom sex and marriage is forbidden.
According to the Quran, sex is only permitted with one's wives and female slaves(1,2):
Quran 23:5-6 And they who guard their private parts. Except from
their wives or those their right hands possess, for indeed, they will
not be ...
المحرم بالمصاهرة بالنسبة لزوجة الأب هو ابنه من غيرها ، وبالنسبة لزوجة الابن هو أبوه ، وبالنسبة لأم الزوجة هو الزوج ، وقد ذكر الله تعالى في آية سورة النور : ( ولا يبدين زينتهن إلا لبعولتهن أو آبائهن أو آباء بعولتهن أو أبنائهن أو أبناء بعولتهن .. ) وآباء بعولتهن وأبناء بعولتهن من محارم المرأة بالمصاهرة ، وقد ذكرهم الله تعالى مع آبائهن وأبنائهن وساواهم جميعاً ...
This Ayah is complemented by Ayah 23 of Surat An-Nisa'. Together, both Ayahs strictly whitelist all those who are considered Mahram to a woman. Any other person is not a mahram; no proof needed (whitelisting is the proof).
As for the case of a sister's husband, some people may be confused by the Ayah in Surat An-Nisa', whose narration forbids the marriage ...
Sunni view: The most accepted Sunni view is that it is permissible for a women to travel alone for up to three days.
Abd Allah ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the
Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: “A woman
must not travel for three days except with a Mahram”. [Sahih
Bukhari, no. 1036 & Sahih ...
First of all, Yes, breastfeeding a boy infant makes the boy mahram for the woman, when the kid is grown up. And, also to her daughters, if she have any. (I don't know the English term for it) That kid, and her daughter(s) are then milk-binded-siblings.
Similarly, breastfeeding a girl infant will render that girl (when grown up) mahram to that lady's husband ...
You can not, your half-sister is your mahram, and so is her daughter.
حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمْ ... وَبَنَاتُ الْأُخْتِ
Prohibited to you [for marriage] are ... your sister's daughters ...
From Tafsir Qurtubi:
والأخت ٱسم لكل أُنثى جاورتك في أصليْك أو في أحدهما
"Sister" is the name of every female who is your sibling,
Others have given enough of references which are very good. I'll try to give a rational answer.
Same can be said for a 4 year old girl. You can touch her, so why not have non-penetrative sex with her in her sleep?
There is a natural shame in doing it (There may also be a desire, but still the shame is there). Same shame exists for your mahrams. The only ...
The answer somehow depends on your behavior and your intention in a chat room.
Basically one is allowed to greet a non-Mahram and make any thing which falls under necessary parts of conversation with him/her.
So if you are chatting to seek knowledge or exchange some information etc. then everything is fine and following the rules of shari'a. But once you ...
No, the husband of your younger sister couldn't be Mahram to you even if he is your father's sister's son. (Even if you travel along with them. (as far as I know). Then you ought to observe your Islamic code in front of him.
It could be beneficial for you to read the verse below (in regard to the persons who are Mahram to women):
وَقُل لِّلْمُؤْمِنَاتِ ...
There is rule of thumb in Islam that a Muslim woman must be accompanied by mahram, when she has to go out of her home for a longer term, be it for travel, education, or anything. So permission of husband or any mahram does not matter, when our prophet Muhammad himself prohibited it.
Here are ahadith about it:
Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) ...
The Father-In-Law is Mahram for the whole life. Even if she was divorced, or widowed, Her father-in-law will remain her Mahram.
According to this verse in Surat Al-Nur: 24:31
And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap ...
Yes he can, any man can get married of any adult female who doesn't share a root or a branch with him. Neither the branches nor the roots of his wife (wife's daughter, mother, grand mother, grand daughter...)
Special cases include your wife's sister, niece, and aunt, as you cannot be married to both at the same time, but it is possible after the divorce of ...
As far as I know, there is no guidance available for our holy Prophet (PBUH), on how many times a child need to suckle to become a mahram. Different Imams have given their views on this. Some have mentioned 3 sucklings, some 7. One view is that it does not depends on the number of times a child suckles, but the intention of the mother. If she has made ...
How many times should a mother breast feed her adopted child to become
Rule number 2483 of Ayatollah Sistani's collection of Islamic Laws states:
... The suckling should be of such quantity that it could be said that the
bones of the child were strengthened and the flesh allowed to grow.
And if that cannot be ascertained, then if a child ...
Cousins are not mahram, and neither are their children. Children of cousins are not considered (in the point of view of Islam) nephews or nieces. See An-Nisa 4:22-23, where nephews and nieces are explicitly described as the children of your brother or sister.
Certainly women/females are permitted to pursue their education and study. And this ruling is completely independent of gender and where you're going (Islamic or secular culture).
However this travel/stay should not come into conflict with other Islamic rules e.g. in case of married woman, traveling in spite of the husband asking not to or giving up on his ...
Yes, it is permissible for a man to marry the divorced wife of his maternal uncle, if she has completed her iddah period. An uncle’s wife is not a close relative to whom marriage is prohibited, so there is nothing wrong with marrying her. Allah says in the Quran (interpretation of the meaning):
حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمْ أُمَّهَٰتُكُمْ وَبَنَاتُكُمْ ...
Basically a mahram is a person who can't marry a woman for ever (it is haram). This means what ever happens he is by default not allowed to marry her according the shari'a.
From a womans perspective her father (and father's father etc.) her sons (and her son's sons etc.) her brothers (no matter if paternal or maternal) her brothers and sisters sons (and ...
The Quran commands women to observe hijab from men, other than mahrams, and your relationship is not listed among the mahrams:
وقل للمؤمنات يغضضن من أبصارهن ويحفظن فروجهن ولا يبدين زينتهن إلا ما ظهر منها وليضربن بخمرهن على جيوبهن ولا يبدين زينتهن إلا لبعولتهن أو آبائهن أو آباء بعولتهن أو أبنائهن أو أبناء بعولتهن أو إخوانهن أو بني إخوانهن أو بني ...
As stated in my comment there's a concept in fiqh of the so called trustworthy group in travels. I'll try to explain it based on the few information i could gather. Unfortunately about all of my sources are in Arabic.
On the View that traveling without a mahram is not allowed
The Hanafi and Hanbali schools of fiqh don't allow a woman to travel alone ...
Yes you can (at least I'm pretty sure because of your age)!
The four conditions on which scholars have consensus for a male mahram to accompany a woman while traveling are:
being a Muslim الإسلام
being mature (puberty البلوغ, mokallaf مكلف)
being mentally sane العاقل
being able to travel القدرة
(For details read this article in Arabic)
You can marry your sister-in-law after your wife's death, because the prohibition is only in having marriage with two sisters simultaneously.
حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمْ ... وَأَن تَجْمَعُوا بَيْنَ الْأُخْتَيْنِ
Prohibited to you [for marriage] are ... that you take [in marriage] two sisters simultaneously
This is different from your wive'...
Allah the almighty says:
Prohibited to you [for marriage] are ... your brother's daughters, your sister's daughters, .... (4:23)
This means your paternal uncle is a mahram and you can therefore join him and His family to perform 'Umrah if your guardian (father, husband …) allows you to do this sunnah.
See also in the fatwa islamqa #316:
The ulamaa ...
According to Saudi law:
Women over the age of forty-five (45) may travel without a Mahram with an organized group, They must, however submits a no objection letter from her husband, son or brother authorizing her to travel for Hajj with the named group. This letter should be notarized.
Perhaps a notarised letter from her local masjid pointing out the ...
Quran 4:23 Prohibited to you [for marriage] are your mothers,
your daughters, your sisters, your father's sisters, your mother's
sisters, your brother's daughters, your sister's daughters, your
[milk] mothers who nursed you, your sisters through nursing, your
wives' mothers, and your step-daughters under your guardianship [born]
I am not sure if I got your question correctly, but I believe you will find your answer (a reference for tahreem) in Surat Al-Nisaa (Chapter 4) Verse (Aaya) #4, and I quote it here:
Prohibited to you [for marriage] are your mothers, your daughters, your sisters, your father's sisters, your mother's sisters, your brother's daughters, your sister's ...
It depends on their age. If they are in their early teens they are most likely non-mahram to your mother and your maternal aunties since most boys by around this age grow sexual awareness, and therefore they should observe most if not all rules concerning mahram-non-mahram relations. But they are mahram to their maternal and paternal aunties, that is the ...
Can a Muslim woman go on Arba'een Pilgrimage without a mahram?
Yes, she can go to the Aba'een Pilgrimage without a mahram, provided
she is self-assured that your safety is secured. The very same
applies to the obligatory hajj.
Rule 60: It is not a condition for a lady, performing an obligatory pilgrimage, to be accompanied by a male, among her mahaarim, ...
From the perspective of Sunni Islam, your question is to be divided into two questions:
Is traveling for a woman without a guardian allowed in Islam?
Is it allowed to go for pilgrimage to Arba`een (also known as Karbala)?
For the first question, traveling for a woman without a guardian is considered not permissible for the most part, in the view of most ...