As a muslim, the only person whom you choose to follow is Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and, of course, Allah. Whether to follow any other person totally depends on you. All the imam's are highly respectable persons and have dedicated their lives with exceptional work. But they are human and thus, as human, can make mistakes.
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has fully ...
I do not know of any established rules, so this is a matter of opinion. I do not think that the opinion of the majority always translates into the opinion being correct, or the opinion that must be followed.
Step 1: Check the stance of the scholars
For the scholars in disagreement (the minority in this case, since your question is focused on a majority vs. ...
Ja'fari Madhab is the School of Jurisprudence of most Shiites. It is derived from the name of Imam Ja'far ibn Muhammad Sadiq, the 6th Shiite Infallible authority (Imam), a descendent, and in fact a member, of the Prophet’s Ahl al-Bayt or Household according to the Shiite concept of the term.
Ja'fari School is thus distinguished from Sunni ...
Let me first correct some of the assumptions in your question before answering it.
There are four major schools of thought today, correct. This is in jurisprudence (fiqh). Wahhabism is not a school of fiqh. These schools of fiqh do not reject one another - in fact they acknowledge and respect one another.
Secondly, it is important to distinguish the ...
According to the four Sunni schools, it is permissible to follow any school of thought (madhhab) provided that:
The sources are the Qur'an or the authenticated Sunnah (depending on the extent of the ruling and its impact).
If their school of thought is in contradiction with Qur'an or Sunnah, either through misinterpretation of a verse, misunderstanding, or ...
Note that among the "founders" of the four sunni madhabs (you quoted, as one should add the dhahiri school, which still exists to them too) only Imam a-Shafi'i really quoted and recorded his osol (sources or principles) of fiqh himself in his book ar-Risala (and also in his records like kitab jamma'a al-'ilm, ikhtilaf al-Hadith, ahkam al-Quran and ibtal al-...
Well this very question has been covered several times on the site either directly or indirectly from many perspectives let me give you just an overview on some of the related questions:
Can a person take individual opinions from any of the four schools or is it mandatory to follow only one throughout your life?
Is it important to follow one of the four ...
According to the Maliki school:
only one salam (Tasleemah تسليمة) is wajib (obligatory - required). And they rely on this Hadith as a proof that only one single tasleemah is required:
"Allah's Messenger would say one Taslim for the Salat while facing forward and turning to his right side a little."
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ ...
I am not sure where this opinion is coming from, and I do not claim that it never existed, but I have not come across it. On the contrary, Ahmad ibn 'Abdul-Wahhāb Ash-Shanqīti in his book Khabar al-Wāhid. pp. 249 quoted Ar-Risāla by Imam Ash-Shafi'i with him saying that there is no known disagreement among Muslim jurists that ahād hadiths are acceptable for ...
Imam Ash-Shaafi`i said:
"Al-Layth is more knowledgeable than Maalik."
(p. 524 of al-Shafi`i's Manaqib)
He means Maalik Ibn Anas, the Imaam of the people of Al-Madeenah.
And there was a Laythi school of jurisprudence.
The Laythi (Arabic: الليث) madhhab was an 8th-century religious law school of Fiqh within Sunni Islam whose ...
The complete statement of imam a-Shafi'i (see for example wafayat al-a'ayan of ibn Khallikan) is as quoted in the comment of @Kilise:
اللَّيْثُ أَفْقَهُ مِنْ مَالِكٍ إِلاَّ أَنَّ أَصْحَابَه لَمْ يَقُوْمُوا بِهِ
This might be translated as follows:
"al-Laith was more knowledgable than Malik, but his student didn't compile or save his knowledge."
He has ...
You could follow a madhab but you don't have to as the only person you should follow is the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him, else -and in first palce- as a Muslim you should submitt to Allah's word in the Quran. There's no rule saying you have to follow a madhab blind throughout your life!
The Imams of the 4 Madhabs used to change their opinion fatwa/...
According to Shia Fiqh (jurisprudence) it is forbidden to eat Eel, not only Eal but also any other fish that has no scale (and never does during its life):
"Eat any fish that has scales, and do not eat what does not have
scales." (Imam Baqir a.s) [al-Kolayni, al-Kaafi, vol.6 p. 219]; See here.
Also see the followings for similar Ahadeeth from Shia ...
Maybe not a final answer, I won't add references, as you may find enough in my relevant posts
Taqlid isn't per se something haram, as we are always asked to ask people who have more knowledge than we have by qur'an.
Ijtihad is something which is strongly recommended (if not ordered) all the time and no scholar would deny this and all would consider it as ...
Evidences for sunnah or nafl before the jumu'ah prayer
Let's start by some evidences:
"Whoever takes a bath on Friday, purifies himself as much as he can, then uses his (hair) oil or perfumes himself with the scent of his house, then proceeds (for the Jumua prayer) and does not separate two persons sitting together (in the mosque), then prays as much as (...
There's a statement of ibn Taymiyah that the madhab of the people of Medina is the closest to truth (Is this really objective?) - See for example fatwa islamqa #200879 in Arabic. But this doesn't mean the madhab of Malik explicitly. As a-Shafi'i already showed that Malik didn't follow the opinion of the majority of scholars of Medina in several issues and ...
This question is frequently asked. So I just want to give a short point of view.
Yes we are all muslims, we are one in deen, one in aqidah. However, we are different in skin colors, races, languages, sexes (genders), cultures, environments, intelligence, ways of thinking, etc. Indeed it will be boring if there is no difference at all. Quoting Omar TV series,...
All Praise to Allah Subhanahu wa Taala and blessings of Him be on Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him His family and companions,
Why the work of the mujtahid Imams of Sacred Law, those who deduce shari‘a rulings from Qur’an and hadith are important and the question arises "Who needs the Imams of Sacred Law when we have the Qur’an and hadith? Why can’t we ...
From the Shafie Madhhab that I follow, eel is considered Halal to eat because in Shafie, all the food in the sea can be eaten.
Meanwhile according to Maliki School, 'sea pig' is considered as Makruh due to the word 'pig' in it.
In Hanafi, only fishes are halal and everything else like crab, prawn etc. are considered Haram.
Here is the Reference from the al Muwatta about the 3 Tasleemat:
Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar used
to say the tashahhud saying, "In the name of Allah. Greetings belong
to Allah. Prayers belong to Allah. Pure actions belong to Allah. Peace
be on the Prophet and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be
on us ...
First we need differentiate between belief schools and jurisprudence schools.
Belief Schools/Sects (Major only):
Jurisprudence Schools: (Sunni only)
You need to only follow one belief school. There are differences between recognized sources for each of the belief schools which lead to differences in rulings as ...
According to the nice book of sheikh al-Bouti called lectures in comparative jurisprudence محاضرات في الفقه المقارن were the first chapter or example is about the issue whether moonsighting at a location is binding for other or not he quoted two opinions:
A sighting at a location is not binding for an other location which is far away from it. This is (...
It's permissible under conditions specified in the Qur'an:
This day [all] good foods have been made lawful, and the food of those who were given the Scripture is lawful for you and your food is lawful for them. And [lawful in marriage are] chaste women from among the believers and chaste women from among those who were given the Scripture before you, when ...
First of all, legal schools represent the difference between scholars in Fiqh issues, not theological issues.
Normally, in Muslim majority countries, there is almost always a Mufti of the state, or a person in such position, who heads a religious ministry or so. This ministry will then help common people in their questions and Fiqh issues, and will then ...
There are five fard (obligatory) prayers in Sunni Islam:
You have to offer perfectly the five compulsory prayers in a day and night (24 hours), unless you want to pray Nawafil.
Sahih al-Bukhari 1891
Indeed, the hadith cited in the question confirms that the night prayer (tahajjud) is voluntary:
... the most excellent prayer after what is prescribed ...
Note that among the Ibadi madhhab there's a difference of opinion between the Ibadi's from al-Mashriq (for example 'Oman) and those from al-Maghrib.
I found the following statement from a 'Omani site:
The adhan of the Ibadi madhhab is more likely to that of the hanafi and shafi'i school
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar (2 times)
الله أكْبَرُ الله أَكْبَرْ ...
What does madhhab as-Salaf mean?
First saying madhhab(u) as-Salaf as -Saalih is suggesting that the early generations of Muslims had a (single) madhhab which is wrong.
Secondly madhhab in the context of as-Salaf as-Salih or in general is a term that can be used in at least two different Islamic topics:
'Aqidah (belief) and
As a new muslim, people tend to ask me which madhab do you follow...
are you Hanafi, Maliki , Shafi or Hambali?
What do I answer?
Following a madhab is not obligatory. During the time of the prophet, Muslims didn't follow any particular madhab. When the prophet was alive, people asked him whenever a problem was raised. After his death, Muslims based their ...
Logic or reasoning.
Basically, no-madhhab sects consider that it is an individual's responsibility if he has studied the basics of Islamic Law (which are mostly the same across all maddhabs) to himself decide what he believes to be the more supported opinion by evaluating the evidences of the opinions with his own reasoning.
If he has not studied Islamic Law,...