5 votes
Accepted

Why the Jewish Pesach or Passover and the Islamic 'Ashura' don't fall on the same day?

Hebrew calendar Traditionally, the Hebrew calendar was based on a lunar calendar, with each month starting with the sighting of the moon (source). Months were either 29 or 30 days. This is exactly ...
III-AK-III's user avatar
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4 votes

Certainty of Eid based on moon

First, there's no confusion of moon sighting at all either the new moon (or the crescent moon) can be seen or not. This may need to some extent trained people a good location for a clear sighting and ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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3 votes

Does the Islamic 24-hour clock start at maghrib in countries that practice the Islamic calendar? If not, why?

I am not aware of any country that syncs clocks with the time for maghrib. Apart from the immense confusion that such a practice would create, it would also require specialized clocks or periodic ...
UmH's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

Should we observe nawafil on the Night of 27th Rajab?

From a Sunni point of view, there is nothing special about Rajab 27th (or Sha'ban 15th for that matter). One should not observe these occasions with any special additional acts (prayers, fasting, etc.)...
III-AK-III's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

Can a day in the Gregorian calendar correspond to two different days in the Islamic Hijri Calendar?

Each day in the Hijri calendar traditionally starts at sunset, not midnight as in the Gregorian calendar, so each Hijri day would actually span two Gregorian days sunset to sunset. In addition, months ...
goldPseudo's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

In Islam when does a new day start?

In Islam, a new calendar day starts with Magrib.
F. A. Mala's user avatar
2 votes

Why doesn't the beginning of the month in the Islamic calendar coincide with my perl calculations of the new moon?

The Islamic month is based on the sighting of the moon; it is not tied to the birth of the new moon, but on when that moon would become visible. There is no universally accepted method of calculation ...
goldPseudo's user avatar
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2 votes
Accepted

Why astronomical calculations supercede non-sighting of the moon in some Islamic communities?

No you don't miss anything as we have no consensus on the matter until today. For example this fatwa on islamweb #1126768 clearly rejects using calculation for predicting a moon sighting. And ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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2 votes

Islamic new year beginning in Muharram

Both decisions, ie when to start the Islamic calendar and what its first month should be, were consulted upon and decided by the Sahabah [may Allah (ﷻ) be pleased with them], who agreed that it was ...
Muslimah's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

Why doesn't the beginning of the month in the Islamic calendar coincide with my perl calculations of the new moon?

How is the new month determined: The months in the Islamic calendar start and end with the sighting of the new moon. The following ahadith are regarding the instructions of the Prophet ﷺ regarding ...
UmH's user avatar
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1 vote

How is the Gregorian week and the Islamic week aligned?

This is answered elsewhere, in this history.stackexchange answer (excerpt): In the ancient world there were two forms of the seven-day week. First, the Jewish week (eventually adopted by Christians ...
PracticingFerret's user avatar
1 vote

Why Allah choose 12 month

It is simply how Allah made things. He decided the number of months is 12. Allah says: Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He ...
The Z's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

How did the Prophet(s) & Sahaba confirm Ramadan / Eid start date?

In fact most of your assumption must be answered with no. During the time of the prophet and that of the 4 righteous caliphs the news about the new month was not passed from one city to another. Each ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
  • 45.3k
1 vote

Should we observe nawafil on the Night of 27th Rajab?

Yes, we should. I am not sure what the Sunni schools of thought recommend to do on this special night which leads to the proclamation of prophet hood of the final messenger Muhammad and several years ...
Noor's user avatar
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