TL;DR: Inheritance is a component in a dynamical system, and this component is imbalanced so that men receive a greater quantity. The system, as a whole, can favor either men or women, depending on how stingy/generous men are with maintenance and mahr.
I whipped up a diagram of a 3-node discrete dynamical system model, where the nodes represent "male money"...
The possibility of making an optional bequest (وصية) and distributing the remainder according to the prescribed shares is present in the Quran.
من بعد وصية يوصين بها
... after any bequest they [may have] made
— Quran 4:11-12
It is also within the Quran that restraint is place on the bequest so as not to deprive the legal heirs:
من بعد وصية يوصى بها أو دين ...
If your father has no other spouses or children, and his parents died before him, and any debts and wills have been settled.
Your mother gets 1/8th since she has children:
Quran 4:12 And for the wives is one fourth if you leave no child.
But if you leave a child, then for them is an eighth of what you
leave, after any bequest you [may have] made or ...
Those people whom can inherit are described and listed in a number of Verses of the Qur'an. Among them you'll find the (bodily) children, (biological) parents. grandparents and wife/husband, (bodily) sisters and brothers!
But adopted children don't count because of the Verses (33:4-5) which made Adoption (by naming a child with your name) illegal or void! ...
The Logic behind this is simple
A daughter is the responsibility (religious duty) of her father (read male) to provide for her needs (food, clothes, shelter, education, etc.).
If she has brothers, and her father is not earning (e.g. retired) then it is the responsibility (religious duty) of her brother/s (read male) to provide for her needs (food, clothes, ...
Yes this is true, because male have responsibility to provide for the family, to live/eat and everything of the need the responsibility of the male...
Instead, female get the share from the husband when they get married for example !
This website or this can help you.
According to both sites I mentioned, after the share of wife, ALLremaining assets will go to the two nephews (none will go to nieces):
Relative Share Fraction Share Percentage
-------- -------------- ----------------
Wife 1/4 25%
FullNephew 1 3/8 37.5%
Disclaimer: this is a result of my research, and it might be wrong. As the reference points out, inheritance issues should be dealt with in courts.
A married women is inherited by her husband, children, and her parents. If her parents are not alive, her grandparents from father side come instead for inheritance. Parents take 1/6 each (or grandparents), and ...
The mehr has nothing to do with the in laws or other family members. The mehr is between the husband and wife only. It is what the wife gets from her husband it is her right and so her personal belonging.
Mehr is wife's personal property, her behaviour described in the question does not change her ownership over her personal belongings.
You may argue in front of the judge (qadhi?) about the inheritance the wife is supposed to get because of the death of her husband. However, inheritance is separate entity from mehr. That's,
Mehr: wife's personal property ...
According to these two fatwas -in Arabic- (note one is referring to the other) on test-tube fertilization (islamqa and al-azhar) and I try to briefly translate the major statements (please also note that these fatwas include a lot more information about the matter of test-tube fertilization, for example the case of a husband having two wives and whether it ...
A receivable debt remains part of the lender's property and is payable even if the lender dies. If the lender dies, all his wealth, including receivables, is the property of the heirs (according to their shares) and should be distributed among them.
Quran 4:33 And for all, We have made heirs to what is left by
parents and relatives. And to those whom your ...
You've mentioned two cases in inheritance law:
A person dies leaving 1 wife 1 daughter 1 mother 1 father and no other relatives.
The prescribed shares are:
The wife 1/8 or 12.50%
The daughter 1/2 or 50.00%
The mother 1/6 or 16.67%
The father 1/6 or 16.67%
Remainder: 1/24 or 4.17%
The remainder goes ...
Heirs who have a direct relationship with the deceased will always get a share in the estate, these are six relations: Father, Mother, Husband, Wife, Son and Daughter.
Among other heirs (e.g. grandparents, grandchildren, siblings etc.) some can block others from receiving a share. This is called حجب , specially the case where a heir goes empty is called حجب ...
Please refer to the answer to your related question here. A spouse, parent and child will always receive a share. A sibling may get a share in the absence of a male parent or child, according to the school of thought. So in the following case each of the listed heirs will receive a share: Spouse, Mother, Daughter, Sibling, provided that the father is not ...
It depends on various factors, such as exactly who survived the deceased, the madhab being implemented, whether a will was made etc. Broadly speaking the following are potential heirs of a person who has no immediate kinship such as parents, children, siblings or spouses:
Those for whom a bequest was made. The deceased can make a bequests of up to 1/3rd of ...
After distribution of the fixed shares, all of the remainder goes to the عصبة .
ألحقوا الفرائض بأهلها فما بقي فهو لأولى رجل ذكر
Give the shares to those who are entitled to them, and what remains over goes to the nearest male heir.
— Bukhari and Muslim
In this case the closest eligible blood relations would be brothers, and sisters in the presence of ...
It be his personal property, he not be required to give any of his property to anyone. He is only required to spend on his daughter's expenses if they are unmarried. It is only after his death that it will be divided in inheritance.
Actually what he is doing is smart as children can be ungrateful and cruel, they will take the land and abandon the father.
Wives have a share in the inheritance, as long as they had a valid marriage to the husband at the time of his demise, or they are within the iddah period of a reconcilable divorce. Having children is not a condition for them being a heir.
If the husband had any descendants (regardless of who their mother is), then all the wives will receive 1/8 th of the ...
Convert to Islam:
He\She will receive inheritance from Muslim relations but will not receive inheritance from non-Muslim relations.
On his\her death, Muslim heirs will receive the estate, any non-Muslim relatives will not receive anything.
Who leave Islam:
He\She will not receive inheritance from any one.
On his\her death, following opinions regarding ...
If a man dies from a woman who inherited his estate according to the legal inheritance, and does not terminate her marriage with another person after her right to inherit from her first husband by consensus of the Muslims.
The wife has a share of the estate of her deceased husband; whether she married after him or did not marry
﴿ لِلرِّجَالِ نَصِيبٌ ...
First of all note that the verse part saying a male inherits twice of what a female inherits apply to brothers and sisters only, so it isn't a general ruling in shari'a.
Also note that in shari'a the shares of the women are specified and given a leading position they are called أصحاب الفروض ashaab al-Forod those with a specific share (the counterpart is ...
In addition to the other answers which point that the man is responsible for his wife, children, elderly father, mother, etc and that women have no such responsibility and are also entitled to nafaqa and mahr:
I can give you a more complex explanation from my personal observation, nothing official. I fear for the pro-feminists would not like it. I see ...
Assalam O Alaikum
This is right. When someone (Muslim) dies, his/her family/relative must share his/her remaining in all of the relatives according to the Islam's teachings.
1. When a Muslim dies, his/her remaining supposed to be shared equally to his direct relatives first (daughters, sons, brothers, sisters, etc. )
2. After 1st relatives, his/her ...
What you heard is incorrect. For example, if the son has passed away, and there are no parents:
With one daughter: 1/2 to daughter, 1/2 to son of son.
With more than one daughter: 2/3 to daughters equally and 1/3 to son of son.
With no daughter: Son of son gets everything
The shares will change as per who is alive at the time. There are more cases to ...
Providing a will for after death is not suggested in Islam. The way how the wealth will be divided in case that someone dies is clearly defined in the Quran. As such, someone writing a will which will be effective only after death is wrong.
A person can distribute the wealth according exclusively to his will/desire (without being forced to respect any rules ...
Inheritance Law is only applicable when a person dies. A person should write (or get it written) his will, but it will only be applied once he/she dies.
If a person want to distribute any of his belongings before his death, then he is free to do so, but inheritance law does not apply to that. It can be a gift.
Javed Ahmad Ghamidi, had a similar problem more than three decades ago as you are going through now. However, since he had the gift of proper understanding of the classical Arabic, he solved the problem in the following manner: The parents and the widow are going to get their respective shares from the total inheritance. It’s only then the left over ...