17

This is Sunni perspective. Sahih Al-Bukhari is considered completely authentic by consensus (Ijma'). Imam al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The ummah is unanimously agreed that these two books are saheeh and it is obligatory to follow their ahaadeeth. Tahdheeb al-Asma’ wa’l-Lughaat (1/73). Shaykh al-Islam Ibn ...


5

First of all i have to correct some information in your question. The full name of sahih al-Bukhari and its meaning al-Bukhari was born in Bukhara which nowadays isn't located in Iran but in Uzbekistan and neither of those two countries existed or had those names at the time AFAIK. So saying he's Iranian is like some Arabs pretending ibn Sina to be an Arab ...


4

Abu Hurairah (RA)'s large amount of narrations are due to multiple reasons working together. We have to also keep in mind the following statement by Abdullah ibn Umar (RA), the second highest narrator, vouching for Abu Hurairah's hadith knowledge: Ibn 'Umar said to Abu Hurairah: "You used to stick to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) most out of all of us, ...


3

They cross check the students and teachers of the people above and below the chain to identify the exact identity of the narrator in question, because it is less likely that people with the same name will also have the same students and teachers. Lets take a very simplified example, a chain is like this: A narrated from B who narrated from C who narrated ...


3

Theoretically this topic is covered to some extent in the fatwa islamqa #122507. I'll try to give some examples -without quoting nor discussing the narrator chains, note that all these examples are in at least one of the two sahihs and the qualification of the content has no consensus-: EXAMPLE 1: Marriage while in the state of Ihram is prohibited An ...


3

Disclaimer. Since this question is three questions in one (1. what is tadlīs and its types, 2. what is the ruling of a hadith with tadlīs, and 3. what is the ruling of a person who practiced tadlīs), the answer below will scratch the surface of each topic. If you need to get more details about a specific topic, please post a separate question. Linguistic ...


3

The conditions are those relating to the credibility level of the people in the narration chain. First, a clarification: the conditions of Al-Bukhāri (Arabic: شرط البخاري) relate solely to his book Al-Jāmi' Al-Musnad As-Sahīh Al-Mukhtasar (Arabic: الجامع المسند الصحيح المختصر من أمور رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وسننه وأيامه), commonly known as Sahīh al-...


3

The Sahaba (who comprise of the Muhajirun and Ansar) are deemed trustworthy for many reasons: Allah attests to their truthfulness and success لِلْفُقَرَاء الْمُهَاجِرِينَ الَّذِينَ أُخْرِجُوا مِن دِيارِهِمْ وَأَمْوَالِهِمْ يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلاً مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَاناً وَيَنصُرُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ أُوْلَئِكَ هُمُ الصَّادِقُونَ . وَالَّذِينَ ...


3

Summary محمد بن أبي محمد (Muhammad bin abi Muhammad) is the servant of Zaid bin Thabit زيد بن ثابت the famous companion. He narrated hadiths from Sa'id ibn Jubayr سعيد بن جبير and Ikrimah عكرمة, while Muhammad ibn Ishaq محمد ابن إسحاق narrated hadiths from him. Scholar Ibn Habban ابن حبان mentioned him as a trusted person, while Al-Dhahabi said he doesn't ...


2

Hadiths do not originate from the person that tells you it - there is a solid chain narration that must be preserved when relating a hadith back to the Prophet SAW. In fact, if only the text of the hadith is presented to you without the chain of narration leading back to the Prophet SAW, then the hadith is considered incomplete. If a person brings you the ...


2

The surveying of the authenticity of a hadith (tradition) is related to the Elm-al-Rejal and Mostalehul-Hadith. In the science of Rejal (Elme-Rejal), it is discussed one by one of it in accordance with the: 1: Islam 2: Edalah (justice) 3: puberty 4: faith(Iman) 5: intellect(Aql) And likewise other items and the document of the ...


2

These are the four fundamental requirements of "rawy el hadith": Puberty, a narration is never accepted from a child who has not reached puberty. Good memory and he must be able to differentiate between right and wrong. He must be "saleh" (good man and knows his religion well) and not "fasek". As you have mentioned already "be trustworthy and not have lied ...


2

As @jikolp quoted it seems that you misunderstood the statement mutafaqun 'alayhi متفق عليه (can be translated "in agreement about") only means that both al-Bukhari and Muslim have quoted a hadith in their sahih. As each of them has his own definition on what he calls sahih. And this doesn't exclude that the same hadith with the same matn (content) is ...


2

This is a very subjective and case-based issue. There are two kinds of weak ahadith: da'if (weak) and da'if jiddan (very weak). A da'if hadith is when there is some kind of anomaly with the (chain of the) hadith, e.g. one link in the first generation is missing. This anomaly cannot be overlooked, and yet it is not fatal. A da'if jiddan hadith on the other ...


2

A short intro on the history of hadith sciences Just as well as the Quran, hadith has been memorized by heart even until today with the whole narrator chain (especially scholars from the region around the city Chinguetti in Mauritania are known for their memorization skills of whole bools). Hadith also has been noted from some sahaba and collected in the ...


2

The one who related from Malik in al-Muwatta is Yahya ibn Yahya al-Laithi يحيى بن يحيى الليثي when the Muwatta' is quoted without referring to a narrator. Yahya was the last known student of imam Malik who presented his version of al-Muwatta' to his teacher and got it approved. Therefore it is regarded as the final version of the book and the reference to ...


2

The people differed on him, although the majority seem to have considered him Thiqah. They include Yahya ibn Ma'in, an-Nasa'i, Al-'Ajli etc. Bukhari, Ibn Hibban and Ibn Khuzaimah have narrated from him in their Sahihs (where they only include authentic narrations). His student Shu'bah has narrated from him, and it is said that he only narrated from those he ...


2

They are not the same apparently. The longer name of Maslamah ibn Abdullah Al-Juhani is mentioned in Tahzeeb Al-Tahzeeb here. Namely, his grandfather's name is Raba'ee, not Urwa. His full name would be Maslamah ibn Abdullah ibn Raba'ee Al-Juhani.


2

Your linked book cites (4) ابن هشام 2/ 655 this means page 655 of the 2nd volume of Ibn Hisham, which is likely referring to the well known work of seerah. Volumes and pages vary with the publisher, but in this case maybe the same edition is available online where you can find its chain: قال ابن إسحاق: قال الزهري، وحدثني سعيد بن المسيب، عن أبي هريرة — سيرة ...


1

The narrations you have quoted are not about praying to the Prophet instead of Allah, rather they are clearly praying to Allah and using the Messenger of Allah ﷺ as a wasilah. They ask Allah to accept their supplication for the sake of the Prophet They ask Allah to accept their supplication for the sake of their belief in and regard for the Prophet They ...


1

Abu Az-Zinad أبو الزناد is 'Abdullah ibn Dhakwan عبد الله بن ذكوان a scholar of fiqh and hafidh of hadith from Medina who was born before the death of ibn' Abbas and met Anas ibn Malik and ibn 'Omar, so he is a (young) tabi' y. He died in Ramadan 130 a. H. among his prominent students you may find imams such as Malik, al-Laithi ibn Sa'as and Sufyan at-Thawry ...


1

Al-A'raj refers to 'Abdurrahman bin Hurmuz (عبد الرحمن بن هرمز). You can read his entry in Dhahabi's book "Siyar a`lam al-nubala", published by Muasisatur-Risalah: Volume 5, Page 69-70 Abu'z-Zinad refers to 'Abdullah ibn Dhakwan (عبد الله بن ذكوان), you can read his entry in the above reference: Volume 5, Page 445-451.


1

As the other post gives a simple example on the methodology here a bit more about the necessity of this science and how scholars describe it. Imam Sufyan a-Thawri has given a simple explanation on how one verifies a narrator saying: All translations in this post are my tranlation from Arabic take them carefully! قال سفيان الثوري : لما استعمل الرواة ...


1

A source and a "how to" To answer this one needs to be read, search and investigate in all available sources if Jarh and Ta'adil. Nevertheless there's at least one book that I've learnt about that gives an attempt to answer this. It is a longer paper or letter called: Important note: In the following and later I'll be translating from Arabic. As these ...


1

ANSWER TO THE QUESTION : HOW TO DETECT MAWDOO' HADEETH ? Firstly, it is when the narrator himself admits that he has fabricated this Hadeeth. For example, Abdul Kareem Ibn Abi Al-'Awjaah said that I have fabricated 4000 Hadeeth. Secondly, it is when in the Isnaad (chain of narration) of the Hadeeth, there is a narrator whom the scholars of Jarh wat Ta'deel ...


1

Ajarhu Wa Ata'deel ( الجرح و التعديل ) is a science of the sciences of Hadith, dealing with identifying the narrators whether they are reliable or not. Ajarh/الجرح is finding a deficiency whether it is in his righteousness (عدالته) or in his accurateness (ضبطه), or in both. Of the deficiency is in his righteousness then the Hadith would fall under Mawdu' (...


1

It is part of Hadith sciences and anytime you read a classification of a Hadith someone has made checks on the narrators etc. (one known having done that is Imam Hanbal for example). A narrator must be righteous/upright and accurate (in memory or in writing)... any narrator lacking in one or both of these areas is considered having deficiency as a narrator. ...


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