First rough analysis
The hadith of Jabir says:
وَكَانَ لِي عَلَيْهِ دَيْنٌ فَقَضَانِي وَزَادَنِي.
He owed me some money and he repaid it to me and gave more than what was due to me.
(See for example: Sahih Muslim, Sahih al-Bukhari here and here)
The situation here is about a debt and certainly paying back a plus in such a case may arise a question on ...
It is not Riba because the additional payment was not agreed upon beforehand nor demanded by the borrower nor a condition for the loan nor a recomponse for the loan. Rather it was a voluntary gift by the borrower. Doing this is permissible.
استقرض رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم سنا فأعطى سنا فوقه وقال خياركم محاسنكم قضاء
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) borrowed a ...
It is applied offensively regarding polytheists and the jurists agreed on this:
"The jurists agreed, with respect to the people who are to be fought,
that they are all the polytheists (mushrikin), because of the words of
the Exalted, “And fight them until persecution is no more and religion
is all for Allah,” except what is narrated from Malik, who ...
In The Name Of Allah. I bear witness there is none worthy of worship except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad (Sallallahu'alaihiwassalam) is his servant and true messenger.
I do not think that the Hadith says that Muslims should become offensive when it comes to Jizya tax. The Hadith you quoted itself says that it is talking about "enemies" of ...
Zina and Kufr are different things, one does not imply the other. There is nothing in the given hadith that suggests that she was a Kafirah, rather a wording of the hadith explicitly states that she was from the Bani Israel, which suggests that she was a monotheist:
بينما كلب يطيف بركية، كاد يقتله العطش، إذ رأته بغي من بغايا بني إسرائيل، فنزعت موقها فسقته ...
“Whoever claimed that (the Prophet) Muhammad saw his Lord, is committing a great fault, for he only saw Gabriel in his genuine shape in which he was created covering the whole horizon.”
Sahih al-Bukhari 3234
In-book reference : Book 59, Hadith 45
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 4, Book 54, Hadith
I asked Aisha "What about His Statement:-- &...
In this hadith, the Prophet (SAW) emphasizes the importance of cleanliness and protecting oneself from urine.
He mentions that the past nations, specifically Bani Israil, had much stricter rules. If a bit of urine fell on their clothes, they would need to cut that part of it and throw it away.
We have it much easier in the terms that we can just clean the ...
جواري is the plural of جارية and can mean a young woman or a female slave.
In this hadith it is possible that it means 'concubines', who are female slaves with whom sexual relations are lawful, see Did the Prophet (SAW) have a sex slave?.
However it is also possible that 'wives' is meant here, as the word can be used for them and there is a version that ...
You need to know that all those statements which are written in the Quran all those statements are not statements of prophets. As per history, those statements were collected from many religions where prophets travelled. There were some companions of Muhammad who did not see or reach God, so that means they were not able to understand the complete teaching ...