Let me answer this from the position of an atheist, and scientific rationalist that I am.
Can a Muslim prove to an atheist or an infidel that God actually exists?
No, Muslim cannot "prove" to an atheist that the God exists.
The reasons are the following:
The atheist would require the scientific proof, which does not exist
The Islam is entirely based on ...
An atheist does not believe in Quran so how would you convince him from Quran. First you have you make him believe that this world is run by a very complex and very orderly program which is beyond capacities of a human or human like thing. And there is one who regulates this program, there is one who has written the script of this program and this authority ...
An atheist is specifically called a Dahri دهري , derived from the verse:
وقالوا ما هي إلا حياتنا الدنيا نموت ونحيا وما يهلكنا إلا الدهر وما لهم بذلك من علم إن هم إلا يظنون
And they say, "There is not but our worldly life; we die and live, and nothing destroys us except time." And they have of that no knowledge; they are only assuming.
— Quran 45:...
There are verses that could be interpreted to address people not believing in God (i.e atheists). But, we can't be too certain about that because, the people (or polytheists) the verses was reveled too somehow believed in a god, but their beliefs where rather incomplete. With other words, they believed in Allah, the Creator, as you quoted:
And verily, if ...
The "flaw" in atheism, according to Islam, is that they believe in things that are not true, such as the idea that Allah does not exist, or that Muhammad was not His messenger, or that the Qur'an is not His message. Believing in things that are not true — while simultaneously not believing in things that are true — is a pretty flimsy basis for ...
If they actually have willingly done what you claim then it is permissible to call them kafir/disbeliever as they have committed Kufr and the word falls true on them. It would be in the first case mentioned in the hadith:
أيما امرئ قال لأخيه: يا كافر، فقد باء بها أحدهما، إن كان كما قال، وإلا رجعت عليه
Any man who says to his brother: "O disbeliever,&...
The difference comes in with how those stories are purported to have happened.
① It makes logical sense that an All Powerful Creator (Allah (ﷻ)) can make anything happen including miracles (splitting of the sea, etc). Even the idea of lightning bolts being thrown around is feasible when One All Powerful God is in the picture; He can make it so Angels are ...
To seek Allah's pleasure, as Dua is also a form of worship.
إن الدعاء هو العبادة ثم قرأ: وقال ربكم ادعوني أستجب لكم إن الذين يستكبرون عن عبادتي سيدخلون جهنم داخرين
Supplication is worship. Then he recited: And Your Lord said: Call upon me, I will respond to you. Verily, those who scorn My worship, they will surely enter Hell humiliated. (40:60)
— Jami at-...
Say, "Obey God and the Messenger." But if they turn away - then indeed, God does not like the disbelievers.
Indeed, those who disbelieve in Our verses - We will drive them into a Fire. Every time their skins are roasted through We will replace them with other skins so they may taste the punishment. Indeed, God is ...
Atheists in Quran
69:33 For he did not believe in God, the Great.
4:38 And those who spend their money to show off to the people, and they do not believe in God or the Last Day. And whoever has the devil as his associate, then what a miserable associate!
9:45 Those who ask leave are the ones who do not believe in God and the Last Day, and their hearts are ...
Are there any records of the prophet (saw) speaking to an atheist?
No, because all the Arabs were either polytheists, or Christians, or Jews.
Are there even records of people living in that time and place, who were atheists?
Well the Quran mentions the creed of Ad-Dahriyyah and the Arab idolators who embraced their creed, denying Resurrection,
And they ...
God and His existence is very large concept, may not be readily there to take in.
Some things are "felt" even before proven by deductive science.
I don't think Einstein sat at his desk and played with formulas
for writing his theory. He's first seen and observed many things,
"sensed" how it can be-- that without anything behind supporting in any way
I will give you a direct answer based on Atheist belief, you said:
atheists will argue that since they can't hear, see or feel God then He doesn't exist.
None of us have ever seen, nor heard, nor felt, nor smelled, nor tasted our grand, grand, grand, grand parents, yet we believe that they did exist.
Based on the "Atheist" argument, none of us should ...
For any beginner with Quran I would suggest to start with Tafseer - explanation of Quran made by high reputable scholar or islamic scientist. Yes, there are many of them, and some of them are better not to read, because they may confuse even more, but most of them can give an idea of each sura - why it was written, with references to historical events, what ...