Yes, it is true that leaving Islam, in an Islamic state, can be a reason for someone to be put to death. Note the caveat: in an Islamic state. We do not have any Islamic state today; only Muslim countries who mix some parts of Islamic law with other types of law.
I think the question you're asking is more about why this might be the case. As you mentioned, ...
There are two different things here. Firstly, let me begin asking one question...
"What is the punishment for treason in most countries?"
In most countries (almost all) in the punishment for treason is death.
This would be for spying, attacking ones own country etc. This applies all the more on the military.
In the time of the Prophet (pbuh) most people ...
I'll quote in the following a few evidences that can be used to describe and
deduce rulings for apostates.
From the Qur'an:
... . And whoever of you reverts from his religion [to disbelief] and dies while he is a disbeliever - for those, their deeds have become worthless in this world and the Hereafter, and those are the companions of ...
A Muslim who turns back from Islam and returns to disbelief is called a مرتد
(murtad) in Islamic jurisprudence.
The basis of this is the usage of the term in the Quran:
ومن يرتدد منكم عن دينه فيمت وهو كافر فأولئك حبطت أعمالهم في الدنيا والآخرة
And whoever of you reverts from his religion [to disbelief] and dies while he is a disbeliever - for ...
The reconciliation is that one is a general ruling (عموم), while the other is about a specific case (خصوص), i.e. an exception.
A true contradiction would have existed if:
the hadith too had a generic scope, e.g if it said "kill every non-muslim" OR
the verse too had a specific scope, and the specified subject was the same group e.g. if it said "let there ...
This is not true. It was a false claim made my Dr. Hisham Kamali and he has been proven wrong from Ibn Taymiya's own literature.
Ibn Taymiya made his views very clear in his book "As-Sarim al-Maslool 'ala Shatim ar-Rasool" 3/696
على خصوصها وكلاهما قد قام الدليل على وجوب قتل صاحبها والادلة الدالة على سقوط القتل بالتوبة لا تعم القسمين بل انما تدل على ...
My dear friend, don't worry. In Islam there's no restriction of repenting within 3 days. A person can repent until he reaches the state of Naza’, (just before death, when he sees angles coming to take out his soul). In fact, Allah not only forgives the one who repents, but also loves those who asks for forgiveness from Allah.
In Surah-e-Az-Zumar, verse #53 ...
Anybody can call anyone else an apostate. The real question is, who is taken seriously when that is done? In general, this is the job of a scholar, not the layman. Someone trained in the sciences of the religion to a high level.
Scholars are extremely wary of specific assertions of the status of someone's faith, simply because it is almost impossible to ...
If someone leaves Islam, either for a short of a long period of time, and later wants to come back and repent, what are the necessary steps?
Only repentance and saying Shahada again is enough. Allah forgives all sins if the believer repents:
قُلْ يَا عِبَادِيَ الَّذِينَ أَسْرَفُوا عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِهِمْ لَا
تَقْنَطُوا مِن رَّحْمَةِ اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ ...
"Apostasy" does not refer to beliefs, but rather political loyalties in this context.
In an Islamic political system, like a Caliphate, the Muslims give bay'ah (oath of allegiance) to an Imam (leader). This is considered to be a pledge that you cannot go back on. So even if you lose faith in Islam, stop praying, stop believing in God Quran etc, you cannot ...
Feigning apostasy is neither allowed (as there is no feigning allowed), nor necessarily viable.
A Muslim is not allowed to pretend not to be a Muslim, either through actions or words, except if forced on pain of death or severe physical harm:
مَن كَفَرَ بِاللَّهِ مِن بَعْدِ إِيمَانِهِ إِلَّا مَنْ أُكْرِهَ وَقَلْبُهُ مُطْمَئِنٌّ بِالْإِيمَانِ وَلَٰكِن ...
All Praise to Allah Subhanahu wa Taala and blessings of Him be on Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him His family and companions.
Can someone end up leaving Islam through neglect?
A person could not end up leaving Islam through neglect rather he could leave his Iman through negligence because anyone who believes Allah Swt as his God and Prophet Muhammad ...
Not at all. There were a number of laws specific to the past nations. Examples are dietary laws of the Children of Israel, the laws of the people/family of Ya`qub (as), the laws specific to Adam (as) and his progeny.
There is no such thing as a acceptable way to leave Islam.
On the authority of Abdullah ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him),
that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)
said: I have been ordered to fight against the people until they
testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that
Muhammad is the ...
You'd have to look at historical context as well. First of all, there were a large power vacuum when the Prophet Muhammad died, leading to the Ridda wars. This was a clear attempt by apostates and other false prophets to gain power.
Apostasy contributed very strongly to national instability at this point, as well as a lot of killings and torture upon ...
Your question is based on HOW, means its just based on assumption. But we have to live in reality and be realistic in this approach. Currently, no religion has such rulings, other than islam. Even if there is one, then still people WILL keep coming to islam by leaving that certain religion. its not like that if there is a punishment for some act, that means ...
[Indonesian - Google translate]
The scholars ('ulama) of the four madzhabs of thought agree that apostates who were under the rule of Islam and did not have the strength given a grace period for penance. If in a given period of time he still did not accept Islam, then punished kill.
However, the scholars ('ulama) differ about the time frame given.
Imam Ar ...
Apostasy is an issue that has caused debate for quite sometime. In the end, the answer does should not apply to any people today since there is no Islamic state to uphold the judgement. And anyone who is carrying our Shari'ah criminal punishment is doing so against the Islamic law, since that would require an Islamic state with an established court. That ...
Okay let me say a few things. Ask yourself why did you become a Muslim? or why do you have doubts in your mind? Why do you have a problem understanding something?
If you have read something and made you doubt about something in Islam, ask an expert or a genuine scholar who can explain it to you properly.
Now to answer your question. By leaving Islam, this ...
(This reply is according to the Shi'a view)
In Islam people should not be forced to accept the religion:
لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ ۖ قَد تَّبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ ۚ
فَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِن بِاللَّـهِ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ
بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ لَا انفِصَامَ لَهَا ۗ وَاللَّـهُ سَمِيعٌ
There shall be ...
Practically, it's potentially problematic.
Whether or not it's permissible is answered here: Is the joining of a non-Muslim in a jama'a salat allowed? Yes, it is. However, this does not mean that people at the mosque will know this. As a Western convert, I don't appear Muslim (whatever that means), so I've been questioned twice about going to mosque, ...
If there is a solid reason for you to make christians think you are converted to christianity, than that's allowed.
What a solid reason might be life threat, extreme life threatening situation makes it allowed for you to say/do anything to save your life, but this does not mean one will stop trying to escape such situation/region to dar-us-salaam.
I'd qualify this as opinion-based. If you left denomination A to denomination B, while A considers B as non-Mulsims of course your former brothers from denomination A would consider you as an apostate while those of denomination B would consider you a convert/revert. And that depends on denominations and the relation between them...
As for Ahmadiyya there ...
You cannot do anything but to follow the verse:
Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instruction, and
argue with them in a way that is best. Indeed, your Lord is most
knowing of who has strayed from His way, and He is most knowing of
who is [rightly] guided. 16:125
A child has no identity in that. Being raised by Muslim or non-Muslim parents doesn't necessarily mean the children are upon that religion. Islam is a choice and cannot be compelled upon the children by their parents. Once the child has reached the capacity of sound judgment, they are to follow what they conclude to be the correct and reasonable path. ...
Without seeing more it's hard to say what the author meant. Also I'm not sure if he means:
respect to a non-Muslim (as a person)
respect to a non-Muslim's action
If he means action, well if it's a good action then it deserves praise regardless of who's doing it, Muslim or not.
If it's about a non-Muslim person:
About people of the book:
Indeed, those ...
It is indeed the case that embracing Islam erases past sins. However, the scheme in question of leaving Islam and reverting to start with a clean slate is definitely flawed as:
One may die while in a state of apostasy
One's reverting to Islam may not be accepted
One may become a munafiq (hypocrite)
One's heart may be sealed against Islam
There is a risk ...
Faith is action, not just belief. Not only is it possible for someone to leave the folds of Islam through neglect, but also it happened during the time of the Prophet ﷺ during the battle of Tabūk.
وَلَئِن سَأَلْتَهُمْ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّمَا كُنَّا نَخُوضُ وَنَلْعَبُ قُلْ أَبِاللَّهِ وَآيَاتِهِ وَرَسُولِهِ كُنتُمْ تَسْتَهْزِئُونَ لَا تَعْتَذِرُوا قَدْ ...