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Questions tagged [uloom-al-hadith]

The hadith sciences ('Ilm al-Hadith, علم الحديث) refer to those studies which investigate and determine the authenticity of any given hadith and those which explain a hadith and search in the meanings of it's words and so on.

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4answers
9k views

What are the requirements of a “Sahih” hadith?

Building off of the answers to this question, what are the requirements for a hadith to be considered "sahih"?
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Is Musnad Ahmed a book of Sahih Ahaadith?

Many muslims are read the Book of Ahaadith in the List of "Sihah Sittah" (The authentic six books of Ahaadith). I want to mention the names of Sihah Sittah which are as following: Sahih Bukhari Sahih ...
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Why do the Shi'a have different hadiths?

As is known, there are six major books of ahadith used in Sunni jurisprudence. The Shi'a typically don't treat these collections with such esteem, and instead give preferential treatment to four of ...
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What exactly are the conditions of al-Bukhari and Muslim?

I've noticed that this question has never been asked before even if we have posts such as: What are the requirements of a "Sahih" hadith? Which criteria the Rawis(Arabic: 'narrators')...
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Is al Hakims Hadith collection Al Mustadrak reliable?

Is al Hakims hadith collection Al Mustadrak reliable? I have read on Wikipedia that al dhahabi said it was better if he never complied it and ibn hajar was also dubious about it. al Hakim said about ...
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What are the terms of that which has reached Tawatur?

Mutawatir is when a narration gains a huge amount of narrators that it being a lie has basically become impossible, in other words there would basically be no doubt in regards to it's authenticity. ...
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What does Hadith Gharib (حديث غريب) mean?

Sheikh al-Albani many times says/describes Imam at-Tirmidhi's narrations as ghareeb (ling. strange). So What does Hadith Gharib (حديث غريب) mean? Does it mean that a hadith is weak?
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What is the meaning of hadith grading “Sahih in Chain”?

What is the definition and authenticity of a hadith graded "Sahih in Chain" and can it be used as evidence? An example of "Sahih in Chain" being used from Asharis: Assemble is: The different usool ...
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Can any hadith truly be called sahih anymore?

As is known, the majority of hadith literature available today was compiled well after the death of the prophet, due in part to the nigh-unmanageable number of questionable or downright fabricated ...
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Does Islam allow killing of Innocent individuals, if the tribe has committed some crime?

According to this hadith: "Narrated Atiyyah al-Qurazi: I was among the captives of Banu Qurayzah. They (the Companions) examined us, and those who had begun to grow hair (pubes) were killed, and ...
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How can seemingly contradictory ahadith still be classified as sahih?

In the hadith literature, there are often ahadith that apparently contradict each other in substantial ways. These are often used by polemics to poke holes in either ulum al-Hadith or Islamic theology ...
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Is shaving the beard Haram?

Is shaving the beard Haram? Is there any authentic hadith about it? What is the opinion of the Quran about it? (Sunni and Shia)
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How scientific are Hadith sciences?

In Islam, we have the science of hadith (uloom al-Hadith) described on Wikipedia as: ...a number of religious disciplines used in the study and evaluation of the Islamic hadith. Judging from a ...
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1answer
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How many ahad hadith are there in Sahih Bukhari?

Ahad hadith - hadith narrated by only one narrator some scholars claim there are around 5000 ahad hadiths out of 7200+ hadiths. How many ahad hadiths there in Sahih al-Bukhari? If no exact number ...
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1answer
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Difference between Ijma' on transmission and Ijma' on opinion

What is the difference between Ijma' on the transmission (الإجماع على النقل) and Ijma' on the opinion? (إجماع في الرأي). Apparently, they are sub-categories of Ijma (الإجماع) but what is the precise ...
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What is Al Jarh Wa at-Ta'dil ( الجرح و التعديل )?

What is Al Jarh Wa at-Ta'dil ( الجرح و التعديل )? and what is it's purpose?
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1answer
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Are there obsolete hadith?

There's Qur'an verses which are "obsolete": Which Qur'an verses are obsolete? although the formal term is naskh: Naskh (نسخ) is an Arabic word usually translated as "abrogation"; It is a term ...
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1answer
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What exactly is tadlees?

I'd like to get a good/full definition of tadlees: This means a clear definition of the meaning. If there are different kinds/levels I'd like to know the impact of the kind of tadlees on the ...
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What criteria do Rawis ('narrators') of sahih hadith have to fulfil? [duplicate]

What criteria do Rawis (Arabic for 'narrators') of sahih hadith have to fulfil? As far as I know, there are six or seven requirements, starting with being adult and mentally fit.
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1answer
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What does “wajib” mean in this hadith about doing ghusl in Jumua (Friday)?

In the book "العرف الناشر" (pdf), fiqh Al-maliki, it is mentioned in page 240, that there is ijma (consensus) among the scholars that the prayer in Jumua is accepted with just regular wudu (ablution). ...
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1answer
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What is the overall grade of this hadith describing people of paradise?(Arabic users) [closed]

Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) who said, “The people of Paradise will enter Paradise without any hair on their body, beardless, with a fair complexion and ...
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What are all the ways a hadith can be transmitted and what do they mean?

On another question, Sayyid mentioned four things someone could say to report how a saying of the prophet came to them through someone else: "from - An عَنْ" "he narrated to us - hadthna حَدَّثَنَا" "...
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How many Sahih(Authentic) Hadith are there?

From the size of the major Hadith collections, I'd estimate that there are only around 80 thousand at most, including overlapping Hadith. Some links (quite unreliable) seem to put the number closer to ...
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How can one check isnad?

To verify the hadith one have to verify isnad. My question is how to check Isnad? mean to say is there any early book of Islam (Authentic) in which the series of connection between narrator are ...
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Four untrustworthy hadith narrators of hadith said by al Nasa'i?

assalaam alaykum I came across this statement by al Nasa'i where he mentions 4 people known to fabricate ahadeeths. Is he referring to Ibn Sa'd al-Baghdadi and number 4? (Muhammad bin Sa'id Syria?? ...
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1answer
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What is the minimum amount of narrations needed in order for a hadith to be classed as mutawatir according to the different scholars?

I understand that there are different of opinions about the requirements needed for a hadith to be considered mutawatir. According to this answer, the most commonly accepted definitions is one of ...
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1answer
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Are ahadith generally considered to be paraphrased?

While there are different readings of the Qur'an (see What are the readings (qira'at) of Quran? and Examples of verses of the Qur'an with two different readings?), they are consistent with one ...
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1answer
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Can a Hadith naratied from Khawarij be considered authentic?

According to Hadith sciences, how is a hadith which is narrated from Khawarij handled? Can it be considered authentic or as soon as it is proved it is narrated from any of Khawarij , is it considered ...
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What types of ahadith do scholars derive fiqh from?

There are many ways to classify ahadith. One method is by authenticity: is it saheeh (authentic beyond question), hassan (good), da'eef (weak), or mawdoo' (fabricated?) In my answer on another ...
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2answers
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Did Imam Malik describe the hadith sciences as “this science is a religion”?

This question is related to How scientific are Hadith sciences?, and was prompted by the answer to Are Muslims required to believe in things which are irrelevant to the message of the Quran? which was ...
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1answer
7k views

What was the earliest Hadith Book / Collection to be recorded?

What was the earliest Hadith Book / Collection to be recorded? I heard it was Muwatta Malik?
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Are there commentaries of Hadith collections outside the 7 most known books?

When we check the hadith literature we may find out that commentators in first place focussed on the two sahihs and al-Muwatta' which for which one may find much more than ten known (or famous and ...
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What does Faza'il-e-A'maal (فضائل الاعمال) mean?

In the answer #13271 of the question "Did the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) wash his hands before eating?", the user mentions that the two quoted hadiths are considered part of Faza'il-e-A'maal ...
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1answer
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Is there an explanation how abu Hurairah managed to narrate more than 5K hadith?

Abu Hurairah أبو هريرة () certainly is a sahabi on which there's a big dispute among the Muslim scholars in first place the shi'a and sunni scholars. One of the main issues is the fact that this ...
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3answers
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Authenticity of Kanz al-Ummal?

Is Kanz al-Ummal byAli ibn Abd-al-Malik al-Hindi a authentic hadith collection? How many weak ahadiths does it have?
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0answers
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Is there a scale or classification for scholars and their qualification of hadith narrators?

Often when a question about the authenticity or a qualification of a hadith is asked I find scholars quoting that scholar A considered the narrator X as fine, while scholar B considered him as da'if ...
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1answer
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What is the authenticity of hadith describing people of paradise with white complexion and curly hair?

According to this website, it mentions the hadith describing people of paradise (curly hair and white) and I was wondering, what does it say about it in this page? Sorry, should've been more specific.
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1answer
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Can you explain the status of mursal hadith?

Can you explain the status of a mursal hadith if it has sahih chain and the narrators are thiqah can it be used as evidence to prove something in Islam or is it regarded as a weak source? I believe ...
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1answer
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Which scholars deny hadith being mutawātir?

According to the muhaddith scholar Ibn Hibban (270 - 354 hijri), all khabar are as its best ahad: وأنكر الحافظ ابن حبان في صدر صحيحه الخبر المتواتر ، فقال : وأما الأخبار فإنها كلها أخبار آحاد ...
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How did the Shiite Hadith sources originate? What are the authentic sources of Hadith? (Shia view)

Shiites have their distinct sources of hadith. My questions are: How did they develop and by whom? What is their authenticity?
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1answer
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Why is this hadith stated this way?

Why is it stated this way, "the best of condiments or condiment"? Isn't that just "the best condiment"? 'A'isha (RA) reported Allah's Apostle (pbuh) as saying: The best of condiments or condiment ...
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1answer
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Who is the first person in the Muwatta?

In the Muwatta of Imam Malik, some ahadith start with "XXX related to me from Malik" - Who is this "me" that's narrating? Others start with "XXX related to me from YYY" with no mention of Malik. ...
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1answer
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Is there any evidence to support that Abu Hurraira's sheer number of narrations is not feasible?

The following question Is there an explanation how abu Hurairah managed to narrate more than 5K hadith? is requesting for an explanation about how he was able to manage such a large number of ...
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1answer
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Why Knowledge is often related with religion?

Why scholars tend to translate or interpret the word علم 'ilm Knowledge in (interpretation) tafsir of the Qur'an or sharh (explanation) of ahadith/Hadith as knowledge of fiqh, sunna etc. Why ...