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Questions tagged [uloom-al-hadith]

The hadith sciences ('Ilm al-Hadith, علم الحديث) refer to those studies which investigate and determine the authenticity of any given hadith and those which explain a hadith and search in the meanings of it's words and so on.

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24
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4answers
9k views

What are the requirements of a “Sahih” hadith?

Building off of the answers to this question, what are the requirements for a hadith to be considered "sahih"?
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Can any hadith truly be called sahih anymore?

As is known, the majority of hadith literature available today was compiled well after the death of the prophet, due in part to the nigh-unmanageable number of questionable or downright fabricated ...
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Why do the Shi'a have different hadiths?

As is known, there are six major books of ahadith used in Sunni jurisprudence. The Shi'a typically don't treat these collections with such esteem, and instead give preferential treatment to four of ...
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3answers
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What are the requirements for the acceptance of a hadith from a narrator?

I know that there are requirements that those who collected ahadith like Bukhari and others to ensure the authenticity of a hadith and accept it. For example, I hear often that the one giving the ...
11
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2answers
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What was al-Albani's methodology for authenticating ahadith?

Often, I see ahadith cited, especially from those major collections other than the sahihain, with their authenticity graded by al-Albani. From perusing his selected bibliography on Wikipedia, I can ...
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445 views

Who has defined the law of Sahih, Hasan, Daef and Mawdu Hadees

Please if anyone can elaborate who has made the law of Sahih, Hasan, Daef AND Mawdu Hadees and who has said to follow only Sahih Hadees and leave all the other types of Hadees. Regards, Mush
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Why is Abu Huraira considered unreliable by Shia fiqh?

I have seen that Abu Huraira is considered as an unreliable narrator by Shia: One famous example would be the case of Abu Hurayrah, who narrated over five thousand hadiths: Sunnis consider him a ...
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1answer
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How many ahad hadith are there in Sahih Bukhari?

Ahad hadith - hadith narrated by only one narrator some scholars claim there are around 5000 ahad hadiths out of 7200+ hadiths. How many ahad hadiths there in Sahih al-Bukhari? If no exact number ...
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1answer
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Are ahadith generally considered to be paraphrased?

While there are different readings of the Qur'an (see What are the readings (qira'at) of Quran? and Examples of verses of the Qur'an with two different readings?), they are consistent with one ...
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371 views

Did Imam Ash-Shafei reject some hadith?

I was once told by a Shafei scholar that Imam Ash-Shafei rejected hadith narrated by two Sahaba. I distinctly remember one of them to be Amr ibn Al-Aas, and the second one was Abu Sufiyan or one his ...
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1answer
507 views

Can a Hadith naratied from Khawarij be considered authentic?

According to Hadith sciences, how is a hadith which is narrated from Khawarij handled? Can it be considered authentic or as soon as it is proved it is narrated from any of Khawarij , is it considered ...
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How many Sahih(Authentic) Hadith are there?

From the size of the major Hadith collections, I'd estimate that there are only around 80 thousand at most, including overlapping Hadith. Some links (quite unreliable) seem to put the number closer to ...
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What are the procedures that should be taken when trying to identify a fabricated Hadith?

When trying to look to see if a Hadith is Fabricated, one looks at two aspects The narrator The narration/the actual Hadith/The Matan So when looking at the narrator, what are we looking for? ...
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2answers
445 views

Does Islam allow killing of Innocent individuals, if the tribe has committed some crime?

According to this hadith: "Narrated Atiyyah al-Qurazi: I was among the captives of Banu Qurayzah. They (the Companions) examined us, and those who had begun to grow hair (pubes) were killed, and ...
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Did Imam Malik describe the hadith sciences as “this science is a religion”?

This question is related to How scientific are Hadith sciences?, and was prompted by the answer to Are Muslims required to believe in things which are irrelevant to the message of the Quran? which was ...
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Is Musnad Ahmed a book of Sahih Ahaadith?

Many muslims are read the Book of Ahaadith in the List of "Sihah Sittah" (The authentic six books of Ahaadith). I want to mention the names of Sihah Sittah which are as following: Sahih Bukhari Sahih ...
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Did Imaam Bukhari record incidents (which he witnessed) in addition to narrations?

I was just curious to list down the narrators of Ahadith. While scraping through some hadith sites (programmatically), I found the following hadith which had no narrator. Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 9,...
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1answer
124 views

On what basis are the Sahaba considered trustworthy narrators of Hadeeth?

In the course of evaluating a Hadeeth's authenticity, scholars of Hadeeth have to investigate each person in its chain(s) of narrators for two things: The trustworthiness of their character/...
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How can seemingly contradictory ahadith still be classified as sahih?

In the hadith literature, there are often ahadith that apparently contradict each other in substantial ways. These are often used by polemics to poke holes in either ulum al-Hadith or Islamic theology ...
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2answers
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What are all the ways a hadith can be transmitted and what do they mean?

On another question, Sayyid mentioned four things someone could say to report how a saying of the prophet came to them through someone else: "from - An عَنْ" "he narrated to us - hadthna حَدَّثَنَا" "...
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560 views

Can a strong hadith be wrong? If so, what do I do?

The Prophet said, "If somebody takes some 'Ajwa dates every morning, he will not be effected by poison or magic on that day till night." (Another narrator said seven dates). Volume 7, Book 71, Number ...
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436 views

Are Hadith of the Prophet (SAW) accurate?

The Qur'an has never been changed and it can never be changed and so we should all for it. However Muslims also follow the Hadiths of the Prophet (SAW). How do we know that what has been written in ...
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2answers
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What types of ahadith do scholars derive fiqh from?

There are many ways to classify ahadith. One method is by authenticity: is it saheeh (authentic beyond question), hassan (good), da'eef (weak), or mawdoo' (fabricated?) In my answer on another ...
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1answer
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Is shaving the beard Haram?

Is shaving the beard Haram? Is there any authentic hadith about it? What is the opinion of the Quran about it? (Sunni and Shia)
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Is al Hakims Hadith collection Al Mustadrak reliable?

Is al Hakims hadith collection Al Mustadrak reliable? I have read on Wikipedia that al dhahabi said it was better if he never complied it and ibn hajar was also dubious about it. al Hakim said about ...
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1answer
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What does Hadith Gharib (حديث غريب) mean?

Sheikh al-Albani many times says/describes Imam at-Tirmidhi's narrations as ghareeb (ling. strange). So What does Hadith Gharib (حديث غريب) mean? Does it mean that a hadith is weak?
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1answer
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Did Muslim actually quote a hadith from his teacher al-Bukhari in his sahih?

It is well known that Muslim ibn al-Hajaj was one of the students of imam al-Bukhari. But did he actually quote in his sahih any hadith which he directly heard from al-Bukhari? The point is that ...
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1answer
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Can someone tell me where “Women are not created weaker but more generous than men” is in Bukhari or Muslim?

Many people tell me that Bukhari and Muslim "agree" with this quote that Imam Ahmad states but I don't know if that means it is in their sahih or not. Can someone clarify? Women are not created ...
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1answer
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No soul will bear the burden of other? hadith vs Quran contradiction

Sahih Muslim Book 37. Repentance And Exhortation Of Repentance Abu Burda reported on the authority of his father that Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: No Muslim would die but Allah ...
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What does Faza'il-e-A'maal (فضائل الاعمال) mean?

In the answer #13271 of the question "Did the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) wash his hands before eating?", the user mentions that the two quoted hadiths are considered part of Faza'il-e-A'maal ...
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Should a Hadith from people of Bid'at/innovations be trusted/accepted?

Should a Hadith from someone in the chain of narration (Isnad) who practices a Bid'ah be accepted? I have heard that if it supports what he is practicing of Bid'ah then it is not accepted but if it ...
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1answer
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What was the earliest Hadith Book / Collection to be recorded?

What was the earliest Hadith Book / Collection to be recorded? I heard it was Muwatta Malik?
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1answer
223 views

Difference between Ijma' on transmission and Ijma' on opinion

What is the difference between Ijma' on the transmission (الإجماع على النقل) and Ijma' on the opinion? (إجماع في الرأي). Apparently, they are sub-categories of Ijma (الإجماع) but what is the precise ...
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2answers
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Are there commentaries of Hadith collections outside the 7 most known books?

When we check the hadith literature we may find out that commentators in first place focussed on the two sahihs and al-Muwatta' which for which one may find much more than ten known (or famous and ...
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3answers
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Authenticity of Kanz al-Ummal?

Is Kanz al-Ummal byAli ibn Abd-al-Malik al-Hindi a authentic hadith collection? How many weak ahadiths does it have?
3
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1answer
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Do modern Hanafi scholars still rely on mash'hur ahadith?

It is known that Imam Abu Hanifa and his followers did not consider a sahih hadith sufficient evidence to rule anything fard, rather he required that the hadith also be mash'hur. Ostensibly this was ...
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How can one check isnad?

To verify the hadith one have to verify isnad. My question is how to check Isnad? mean to say is there any early book of Islam (Authentic) in which the series of connection between narrator are ...
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1answer
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Is there an explanation how abu Hurairah managed to narrate more than 5K hadith?

Abu Hurairah أبو هريرة () certainly is a sahabi on which there's a big dispute among the Muslim scholars in first place the shi'a and sunni scholars. One of the main issues is the fact that this ...
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1answer
127 views

What is the source and authenticity of this Hadith?

It is narrated by Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Umar that the Holy Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:“When the belly of Makkah will be cleft open and through it will be dug out river-like passages (...
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1answer
389 views

Is this narration , Musannaf Ibn Abi Shayba 23945, authentic?

I have tried googling about it but cannot find anything satisfying. Narrated ‘Urwah: ‘Aisha used to order to make a habit of or taking in regular intervals seven ‘ajwah dates, in the state of ...
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1answer
966 views

What exactly are the conditions of al-Bukhari and Muslim?

I've noticed that this question has never been asked before even if we have posts such as: What are the requirements of a "Sahih" hadith? Which criteria the Rawis(Arabic: 'narrators')...
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4answers
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Can we formulate our own Tafseer from our understanding of Qur'an?

Narrated Jundab bin 'Abdullah: that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: "Whoever says (something) about the Qur'an according to his own opinion and he is correct, yet he has committed a mistake." And ...
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1answer
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Most hadith scholars had deep knowledge in hadith, why they quoted da'if narrations in their compilations then?

Most hadith scholars such as imam Ahmad, abu Dawod, an-Nasa-i (who has been said to reach the level of al-Bukhari and having even reached a higher level than Muslim -see the later quot from a-Dhahabi'...
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What are the terms of that which has reached Tawatur?

Mutawatir is when a narration gains a huge amount of narrators that it being a lie has basically become impossible, in other words there would basically be no doubt in regards to it's authenticity. ...
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1answer
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What are the terms in which a weak (Da'if) Hadith can be strengthened?

If a narrator is weak in his righteousness (عدالته) the hadith cannot be strengthened, but if the weakness is in a narrator's accurateness (ضبطه) the narration/hadith can be strengthened but under ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between Al Idraj wal Wad' (الإدراج و الوضع)?

Al Idraj is a saying not of the Prophet's (May God's blessings and peace be upon Him), and is sometimes on the part of the narrator, either to clarify a word or to make a saying of the Prophet (May ...
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2answers
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What is Al Jarh Wa at-Ta'dil ( الجرح و التعديل )?

What is Al Jarh Wa at-Ta'dil ( الجرح و التعديل )? and what is it's purpose?
3
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1answer
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What other are the commonly used hadith collections (besides the famous 6), and what is their relative authenticity?

What other are the commonly used hadith collections (besides the famous 6 i.e. Saheeh Muslim, Saheeh Bukhari, Jami'at al-Tirmidhi, Muwatta Malik, Sunan Abi Dawood and Sunan An-Nisai), and what is the ...
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0answers
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Is there a scale or classification for scholars and their qualification of hadith narrators?

Often when a question about the authenticity or a qualification of a hadith is asked I find scholars quoting that scholar A considered the narrator X as fine, while scholar B considered him as da'if ...
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0answers
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Did al-Bukhari and Muslim always follow their so called conditions?

In my answer on What are the terms of that which has reached Tawatur? I've tried to address the topic of the conditions of al.-Bukhari and Muslim. I've also posted a related question: What exactly ...