Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about Islamic terms, the ways they are used, and what they mean.

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5answers
57k views

What is the literal meaning of the word “Qur'an”?

I know that the Qur'an is the book revealed by the prophet Muhammad, but I'd like to know what the meaning of this word "Qur'an" is literally? What is its root?
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1answer
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What are the minimum requirements for someone to be a “student of knowledge”?

A student of knowledge (طالب العلم) describes someone who studies Islam (or, more specifically, sacred knowledge). However, it's hard for me to tell if someone is genuinely a student of knowledge, or ...
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2answers
329 views

For a woman, can another woman be a non-mahram?

Women often talk about "non-mahram men", and I'm wondering if this is mostly tautological: Question: For a woman, can another woman be a non-mahram? I recognize there are people who are agender or ...
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2answers
221 views

Does the word “infidel” have any significance in Islam?

Infidel (literally "unfaithful") is a term used in certain religions for those accused of unbelief in the central tenets of their own religion, for members of another religion, or for the irreligious. ...
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What is the Khabar? How is it different than Sira, Akbar, Sunnah, & Hadith in general?

I know this must be a basic question so please forgive my ignorance, but I'm unfamiliar with the textual difference/similarities among the texts. I was able to discern that Khabar means "historical ...
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0answers
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What exactly is a 'Wahy' in Islam?

I understand that in Islamic school of thought, it is said to be revelation of God's message to His chosen people like Prophets, Messengers (and according to some folks also the pious and righteous ...
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1answer
202 views

When did converts to Islam start being called “reverts”?

I've seen a few related explanations behind the motivation behind using the word "revert" to mean "convert", e.g., ...we are all born as Muslims; ...children are born with an ...
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3answers
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What is the exact meaning or purpose of Kawthar? (On Surah Al-Kawthar)

According to the initial verse of Surah Al-Kawthar: إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ / Indeed, We have granted you, [O Muhammad], al-Kawthar. I have heard that the meaning of Kawthar (in the ...
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1answer
242 views

Does salat mean prayer to Allah?

Salam, I am confused about salat/namaz. Does salat mean prayer to Allah? But how come God sends salat to the prophet? If you know Arabic enough could you please explain salat in Quranic context? ...
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What is the Islamic definition of music?

Based on answers from questions like (Music in Islam?), it seems that music is haraam. My question is, has Islamdefined for muslims what music is? For example, is music: singing without musical ...
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2answers
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Is this a case of sighar marriage?

My elder sister marriage is adjusted with my cousin. I like sister of my cousin. Can I marry her after my sister marriage. Is it a sighar marriage?
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1answer
605 views

What is Waqf in fiqh terminolgy?

What are the conditions and rules for someone to declare his or her assets as Waqf? Besides, does it apply for intellectual properties?
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1answer
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What do terms like Shirkat-ul-Mufavdha in business partnerships under Islamic law mean?

What is the meaning of the following terms in business partnership under Islamic law. 1) Shirkat-ul-Mufavdha شركة المفاوضة 2) Shirkat-ul-Anan شركة العنان 3) Shirkat-ul-Wajooh شركة الوجوه 4) ...
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1answer
127 views

What is “Taqleed”? And who should do complete Talqeed and who is not obliged to do taqleed?

My question is that what is the explanation of "Taqleed", and who should do Taqleed and who is free from it? And up to what extent one should do Talqeed and which Islamic practices come under Talqeed ...
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1answer
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Is it appropriate to use the term “Semite” for Muslims?

I am an American Jew who has been reaching out to Muslim friends and neighbors. To stress the connection I feel, I sometimes describe myself as a fellow (or sister) Semite or say that I consider anti-...
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What is the difference between “nabi” and “rasul”?

In English, we use the word prophet, but in Quran two different names are used for prophets: rasul and nabi. What is the difference between rasul and nabi?
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2answers
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Who can we call a musafir (Traveller)?

There are cases where the Rasul (the Messenger) p.b.u.h did not spell out specific criteria for a certain condition/situation. For example the minimum distance traveled to qualify as a musafir (...
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What is the definition of a kaffir?

My understanding of the term kafir is that it refers to a person who literally rejects God's authority. So while even the most blatant polytheist would still be mushrik, he would not (necessarily) ...
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2answers
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Refering to Allah (SWT) as “him”?

I was watching a khutba on youtube and the Imam referred to Allah (SWT) as "him". If you need a context to go with this the sentence was, "Allah (SWT) doesn't need us, we need him." I sometimes feel ...
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5answers
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Is it wrong for a Muslim to say hallelujah?

I have searched about both the literal and religious meaning and context of the word "Hallelujah", and I learned it is a Hebrew word, meaning "praise to God". Is it okay for a Muslim to say ...
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2answers
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What are sins and what are mistakes?

I have two questions. What are sins and what are mistakes? When we do something against the command of God in unawareness; is it a sin or mistake? Did prophets make mistakes only or they sin also? I ...
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If something is not Halal, does that mean it's Haram?

Actually, this came to me when I was watching some shieks talking about music status in Islam, and referring to the famous hadith that says: There will be a group of my people who will make ...
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1answer
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Who defined the terms “makki” and “madani”?

I know part of Qur'an was revealed in Makka and remaining was revealed in Madina. However, some surahs of the Qur'an (moshaf) are declares to be "makki" or "madani", based on revelation. So I want to ...
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2answers
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Is there an Islamic synonym for 'parishioner'

When referring to members or worshippers at a Christian church, I might use the word 'parishioner', or possibly even 'congregation'. Are there equivalent words specific to the Islamic faith for those ...
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What are the Arsh and Kursi of Allah?

What are the Arsh and Kursi of Allah? How are they different from each other?
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1answer
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What is the difference between 'Wahi' and 'Ilham'?

Are these interchangeable terms? Is there a way by which even non prophets can acquire information/communication from the unseen?
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1answer
1k views

What does “obey” mean in “righteous women are devoutly obedient” in Qur'an 4:34?

Can someone please define the word "obey" in the context of this verse. http://quran.com/4/34 Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend ...
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1answer
905 views

Who gave Ayatul-Kursi that appellation?

Who named, or first called, Ayatul-Kursi, Ayatul-Kursi? Of course, it's the Verse of the Throne. But who actually choose to call it by that name? Allah - there is no deity except Him, the Ever-...
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1answer
101 views

How should I interpret Quran [a:b]?

What is 'a' and 'b'? As in how do I interpret the various quotes that I see around?
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1answer
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What is the difference between Syed and Sharif?

What is the difference between both of the terms? Definition of Sharif is here. Don't use Wikipedia English page for it cause it's talking about something different, if you want to see an English ...
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1answer
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Should we include TV shows or series in the definition of “idle talk”?

The phrase "idle talks" appears in this ayah; “And of mankind is he who purchases idle talks (i.e. music, singing) to mislead (men) from the path of Allaah…” [Luqmaan 31:6] In an article about music ...
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What is the difference between Taraweeh and Qiyaam al-layl?

I can see both the prayers are prayed in my Masjid (mosque). Taraweeh time 8:45 to 10:00 pm Qiyaam al-layl time 2:30 to 3:30 am What is the difference between Taraweeh prayer and Qiyaam al-layl ...
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What is the antonym for the word 'kafir' in Urdu? [closed]

I want to know the appropriate word for antonym/opposite for 'Kafir'
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1answer
3k views

What is a 'non-believer' or 'pagan'?

Under what conditions is someone considered a 'non-believer' or 'pagan' in Islam? Does believing in one God constitute 'belief', and is a Christian or Jew (or followers of monotheistic non-Abrahamic ...
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2answers
937 views

What is the difference between إِثْم and ذَنب and سَيِّئَة which refer to sin?

There are a number of Arabic words in Quran that refer to sin like: إِثْم and ذَنب and سَيِّئَة. I am looking for the difference between them and their usage.
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1answer
153 views

What is difference between blasphemy and criticism in Islam?

Does Islam allows criticism on its prophets or holy personalities (definitely for non Muslims) and if yes then where lies the boundary between criticizing Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and blasphemy?
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1answer
356 views

What is the difference between a Khawariji and a Munafiq?

The more I read about the Hadith's on Khawarij, I felt they are similar to Munafiqs. Is there any difference?
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Is it correct to use Al-Haj before the name of persons who completed their haj?

I saw most of the Muslims who have completed their Hajj add the prefix Al-Haj or Hajito their names, like adding Al-Hafiz to those who finished memorizing the whole Al-Quran. Haji is an honorific ...
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1answer
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How did saying Mashallah originate?

As a convert, I hear this a lot: Masha Allah, also Masha'Allah, is an Arabic phrase that means "God has willed", expresses appreciation, joy, praise, or thankfulness for an event or person that was ...
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Why don't we say Mashallah 33 times?

It's quite normal to say Subhan Allah, Alhamdulillah and Allahu Akbar 33 times after daily prayers; see e.g. this question. I'm wondering why we don't likewise say Mashallah ("God has willed") 33 ...
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Is the word “jihad” specific to holy struggles or is it a generic word? [duplicate]

For example, if I was talking about struggling with math homework, or I was at war with another country for purely economic reasons, would the word 'jihad" be appropriate? By definition, does the word ...
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What is the etymology of the word “jihad?” [duplicate]

Specifically, was this word in use in the Arabic language before Islam? If so, how was it used? Did it have a holy connotation or was the word a generic term for all kinds of struggles? Can this word ...
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1answer
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What is the meaning of Shafa'ah (Sunni view)?

There is some narration from Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) installed in Masjid an Nabawi in Madinah, justified as "Sahih"(=Correct) or "Hassan"(=Well) in different Sunni references: ...
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What is the exact meaning of Karrar? (As a Laqab (title) of Imam Ali a.s.)

I have heard that Karrar is one of Imam Ali's names. Actually Imam Ali (a.s.) has many titles. Karrar is one of them. Well, I was wondering: What is the exact meaning of it?
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What is the difference between SHIFA'ah and SHAFA'ah?

I want to know the exact meaning and difference between SHIFA'ah and SHAFA'ah and which one we need to ask Allah for?
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What is the exact meaning (or interpretation) of Yaseen? (as the initial verse of Surah-Yasin)

As you are aware, Surah Yasin consists of 88 verses and it begins with Ya, Seem (Yaseen) Yasin: بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ يس (1) والقرآن الحکیم (2) إِنَّكَ لَمِنَ ...
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What exactly does being a Muslim mean?

Can someone please give a brief answer describing the major and main responsibilities which is a must and sufficient enough to make a Muslim. Please provide references as well.
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What is a “saint” in Islam?

How does Islam define the word saint? Does it just mean any reasonably good person; or a person in close communication with God? Is it in some way analogous to the Christian concept of a "saved" ...
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3answers
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What does the attribute of Allah “shafiul mudhnibin” mean?

I was advised by an honourable person to chant the following: Ya Allahu, Ya Rahmanu, Ya Rahim, Ya Rahmatallil Alamin, Ya Shafiul Mudhnibin. But I want to verify its meaning first. First four phrases ...
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1answer
133 views

Is it improper to describe Friday as “sabbath”?

On Friday, Muslims have Jumu'ah prayer. This is comparable with "sabbath" in Christianity: Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy is taken as one of the Ten Commandments. Wikipedia writes about ...