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Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about Islamic terms, the ways they are used, and what they mean.

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Are Muslims themselves "people of the book"?

I know that Muslims call Jews and Christians "people of the book" because Jews believe in the Tanakh and Christians believe in both the Tanakh and the New Testament. If Muslims recognize ...
Alex Henrie's user avatar
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1 answer
192 views

What is the meaning of "jahileen" or "jahiloon"?

What is the meaning of "jahileen" or "jahiloon"? especially in the context of below aaya of Sura Baqarah وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِقَوْمِهِۦٓ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَن ...
ATJ's user avatar
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In one sentence, how would you summarize the teachings of Islam? [closed]

Reading the Gospel of Jesus, I had the impression that the essence of Christianity can be found in Jesus' instructions to "love thy neighbour". Does Islam have a similarly fundamental ...
Trevor B's user avatar
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Does the hudna (هدنة) has a base in the religion or it is a secular term?

Does the hudna (هدنة) has a base in the religion or it is a secular term? I have searched for it on google and got the Wikipedia information which is not informative enough to what I'm looking for.
Tilmiz's user avatar
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2 answers
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What is faith in islam?how can it be defined?

How do we define faith? What is faith of one person in islam and in general?
Umul's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is the difference between sadaqah and fitrah?

What is the difference between sadaqah and fitrah? When we donate some money excluding Zakat money, then what will be the right term to refer that?
Rashid's user avatar
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4 answers
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What is idle talk and is it haram?

What does idle talk mean as I’ve seen it referenced to singing and dancing sometimes but then I heard that it is when you talk about useless things (can’t remember where I heard this from). If it is ...
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Open ت and tied ة does both ت indicates at the end of the word that the word is feminine in arabic linguistics?

If a word ends with open ت or tied ة does both ت indicates at the end of the word that the word is feminine in arabic linguistics like ٱللَّتَ feminine form of word Allah in Quran 53:19?
Bilal Khan's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
308 views

What does "make dua for us" mean?

In this question: What would be the way to say "Have a good Hajj" to someone who is about to travel to Saudi Arabia for their Hajj? One answer suggested to ask people that go for Hajj, to "...
user1271772's user avatar
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Madhab of the salaf and the 4 madahib (Maliki, Shafi'i, Hanbali, Hanafi)

Salamo3alaykom, I don't understand when scholars refer to something as "madhabu as-Salaf u Saalih". Aren't the Madahib 4 which are already known? I don't want to discredit the biggest scholars of this ...
us er's user avatar
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What is rewayat?

Assalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu, I see a few posts related to ‘rewayat’. I would like to know what this means. Jazakallah khair.
Hana123's user avatar
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How to interprete the "tabaqat الطبقات" categories in books on Jarh wa Ta'adil

Usually in books of jarh wa ta'adil scholars classify narrators in so called tabaqat الطبقات which seem to be some kind of categories or division for narrators. I found it strange that two people who ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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2 answers
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What is exactly meant by كرامت/keramet

I was discussing with a friend the term كرامت He was really confident, that people can fly and teleport if he has keramet. Or if someone is a really bad human he also can fly. I told to him that ...
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1 answer
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Praise, Ibaadat, Worship, is there any difference?

What is the difference between Praise, Ibaadath, Worship?
Arshad Nazeer's user avatar
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1 answer
374 views

Why is a martyr called a Shaheed?

Assalamu Alaikum Brothers in Islam, Why is the martyr who dies in the way of Allah Azza Wajjal considered a shaheed when the word shaheed means "to witness" ? What is he witnessing?
Abdulla's user avatar
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What if Allah freed one of his slaves? [closed]

We are all slaves of Allah, but what if he decided to free someone very noble who asked to be freed? What would happen to that person, if he decided not to continue to serve Allah as his servant? What ...
Abdul Moiz Qureshi's user avatar
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What is the literal meaning of word Tafsir and where from it originates?

Tafseer is interpreted as the explanation of Quranic Verses. What is the litral meaning of word tafseer and its origin.Explain on the basis of historical background.
Anum's user avatar
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What is the Purpose of the Arsh and Kursi?

Since Allah is free from body, shape and space why did He create a Throne and a Footstool? Related Question: What are the Arsh and Kursi of Allah?
Ahmed's user avatar
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What exactly consitutes a vow (nadhr النذر)?

Allah the almighty says in the Qur'an describing the righteous people: They [are those who] fulfill [their] vows and fear a Day whose evil will be widespread. (76:7) I'm not sure whether there's a ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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What is the difference between the different formulations used in describing how a hadith was transmitted?

In hadith books we may read in the narrator chain how and via whom a hadith was transmitted. I wonder if different formulations indicate different ways of transmission here some examples we may find: ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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Meanings of the word Islam [duplicate]

What is the base of the Word Islam, it is Is and Lam combined, meaning Peace, it is P-e-ace, and what does it represents, can any one translate the word in its essence please.
Mohammad Dar's user avatar
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1 answer
115 views

What a person who rejects associating oneself with a madhab is called?

A person who holds the view that one should not restrict oneself to a single madhaab. Are they given any specific name?
Crimson's user avatar
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Does an action that Messenger of Allah did in private count as Sunnah?

The Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H) did things in private, some of which may have been narrated by his wives. By private, I mean within boundaries of his home. Do these count as Sunnah ?
Crimson's user avatar
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Who exactly can be called a hafidh?

In popular parlance hafidh or hafiz seems primarily to refer to a person who has memorized the whole Qur'an. But when we read books we find this title mostly used to introduce a hadith scholar such as ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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1 vote
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211 views

Conversion / converted or "Reversion" / "Reverted"?

I often hear some anthropologists or "experts" and Western converted Muslims say that it is wrong to use the term "convert", and that we should instead use the neologism "revert(ed)", because "that is ...
user574859's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
791 views

Is there any prescribed/Sunnah way of apologizing or saying sorry to someone?

There are certain Islamic terms we Muslims are to use, for example, while thanking someone we say "Jazak Allahu Khayran" and before starting something "Bismillah", intention to do something in the ...
Yosef's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
424 views

What exactly is takfir (declaration of disbelief)?

Wikipedia writes: Takfir or takfeer (Arabic: تكفير‎ takfīr) is... one Muslim declaring another Muslim as a non-believer (kafir). Takfir, Wikipedia I had thought this definition was clear and ...
Rebecca J. Stones's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
10k views

What are the minimum requirements for someone to be a "student of knowledge"?

A student of knowledge (طالب العلم) describes someone who studies Islam (or, more specifically, sacred knowledge). However, it's hard for me to tell if someone is genuinely a student of knowledge, or ...
Rebecca J. Stones's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
2k views

What was religion called before Islam came?

Islam came as religion of peace and the complete edition of other "Holy Book" (Taurat, Zabur, Injhil), according to Quran. As we know other religion such as "christian" for the person who is beliefs ...
Gag's user avatar
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1 answer
324 views

What makes one a part of the Ummah?

According to the accepted answer in the linked question below, an ummah is " the whole community of Muslims bound together by ties of religion". But didn't earlier Prophets have their own ummah? Is ...
Ahmed's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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What exactly is a 'Wahy' in Islam?

I understand that in Islamic school of thought, it is said to be revelation of God's message to His chosen people like Prophets, Messengers (and according to some folks also the pious and righteous ...
Ahmed's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is there a term to describe narrations from Sahaba?

Take the account of the slander of Aisha (r.a.) from her own mouth, for example: it is not hadith. Do such narrations (narrations from sahaba and the wives of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and ...
blackened's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
517 views

Does salat mean prayer to Allah?

Salam, I am confused about salat/namaz. Does salat mean prayer to Allah? But how come God sends salat to the prophet? If you know Arabic enough could you please explain salat in Quranic context? ...
Amu Sultan's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
191 views

What is "Taqleed"? And who should do complete Talqeed and who is not obliged to do taqleed?

My question is that what is the explanation of "Taqleed", and who should do Taqleed and who is free from it? And up to what extent one should do Talqeed and which Islamic practices come under Talqeed ...
Inzimam Ul Haq's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
682 views

For a woman, can another woman be a non-mahram?

Women often talk about "non-mahram men", and I'm wondering if this is mostly tautological: Question: For a woman, can another woman be a non-mahram? I recognize there are people who are agender or ...
Rebecca J. Stones's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
12k views

What is "taharrush gamea" and is it part of Islam?

I stumbled upon another anti-Islam site, billionbibles.org. They have an article on Taharrush Gamea which they define as the coordinated sexual attack of a girl or a woman in public by a mass of ...
Rebecca J. Stones's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Who defined the terms "makki" and "madani"?

I know part of Qur'an was revealed in Makka and remaining was revealed in Madina. However, some surahs of the Qur'an (moshaf) are declares to be "makki" or "madani", based on revelation. So I want to ...
Silent Spectator's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
5k views

Is there an Islamic synonym for 'parishioner'

When referring to members or worshippers at a Christian church, I might use the word 'parishioner', or possibly even 'congregation'. Are there equivalent words specific to the Islamic faith for those ...
James Wiseman's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
525 views

Does the word "infidel" have any significance in Islam?

Infidel (literally "unfaithful") is a term used in certain religions for those accused of unbelief in the central tenets of their own religion, for members of another religion, or for the irreligious. ...
Rebecca J. Stones's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
21k views

Is it haram to even mention "pig"?

Okay, so I was about to learn a new computer tool which might be one of the major things I would be working on in my future career course. The name of the tool is "PIG". What is Pig? As I was just ...
Hashir Bilal's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
148 views

Who uses "sharia" as a synonym for "fiqh" or "din"?

A. Maftuhin, The Historiography of Islamic Law: The Case of Tarikh al-Tashri' Literature, Al-Jāmi‘ah: J. Islamic Studies, 2016 (URL), writes: For those who use shariah as the synonyms for fiqh, the ...
Rebecca J. Stones's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
170 views

Is it wrong to use the words Namaz, Khuda, Roza?

I am from Bangladesh. Here almost everyone exclusively use the word Namaz to refer to Salat. Recently my parents have been pressuring me to use the word Salat in place of Namaz. Their argument goes ...
Ibraheem Moosa's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
8k views

Does Shia Islam prohibit saying "Ameen" after reciting al Fatiha?

In Iran, people refrained from saying Ameen after prayer (which I'm accustomed to saying). Chatting with a Shia friend today, he indicated I shouldn't say it, so I did some Googling, and a user of ...
Rebecca J. Stones's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
18k views

How did saying Mashallah originate?

As a convert, I hear this a lot: Masha Allah, also Masha'Allah, is an Arabic phrase that means "God has willed", expresses appreciation, joy, praise, or thankfulness for an event or person that was ...
Rebecca J. Stones's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why don't we say Mashallah 33 times?

It's quite normal to say Subhan Allah, Alhamdulillah and Allahu Akbar 33 times after daily prayers; see e.g. this question. I'm wondering why we don't likewise say Mashallah ("God has willed") 33 ...
Rebecca J. Stones's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
10k views

What is the difference between 'Wahi' and 'Ilham'?

Are these interchangeable terms? Is there a way by which even non prophets can acquire information/communication from the unseen?
cometraza's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
363 views

Is it improper to describe Friday as "sabbath"?

On Friday, Muslims have Jumu'ah prayer. This is comparable with "sabbath" in Christianity: Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy is taken as one of the Ten Commandments. Wikipedia writes about ...
Rebecca J. Stones's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the difference between 'illa and sabab in usul al fiqh?

I have been reading that some scholars do not differentiate between 'illa العلة and sabab السبب in usul al fiqh, while others do. Question: What is the difference between 'illa and sabab in usul al ...
Kilise's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
1k views

What do terms like Shirkat-ul-Mufavdha in business partnerships under Islamic law mean?

What is the meaning of the following terms in business partnership under Islamic law. 1) Shirkat-ul-Mufavdha شركة المفاوضة 2) Shirkat-ul-Anan شركة العنان 3) Shirkat-ul-Wajooh شركة الوجوه 4) ...
Student28's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
2k views

Is the Qur'an a book?

This may seem like a strange question at first, since well, we can literally see that the Qur'an is a book: And we often refer to it as a book. And the Qur'an refers to itself as a book (Qur'an 5:15:...
Rebecca J. Stones's user avatar