Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about Islamic terms, the ways they are used, and what they mean.

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14
votes
5answers
209k views

What does “Jazak Allah Khair” mean?

Asslamu allikum I would like to know the usage of Jazak Allah Khair. When is it best used and, is there any restrictions? What does "Jazak Allah Khair" mean? When do we use "Jazak Allah Khair"? ...
16
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6answers
11k views

What is a “Muslim” (surrendered) and what is a “Mumin” (believer/safe)?

In the Quran, two terms are used to refer to those on the straight path (suratal mustakeem): muslim and mumin. What are some similarities and differences between "muslim" and "mumin"? In the Quran, ...
2
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1answer
866 views

What does “obey” mean in “righteous women are devoutly obedient” in Qur'an 4:34?

Can someone please define the word "obey" in the context of this verse. http://quran.com/4/34 Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend ...
15
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5answers
14k views

Why are converts to Islam called reverts?

I have noticed that when a person converts from one religion to Islam it is said that he or she reverted. This is said even when it is the first time he or she embraces Islam as a religion. Why is ...
12
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3answers
18k views

What is the definition of a kaffir?

My understanding of the term kafir is that it refers to a person who literally rejects God's authority. So while even the most blatant polytheist would still be mushrik, he would not (necessarily) ...
33
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9answers
132k views

What is the difference between “nabi” and “rasul”?

In English, we use the word prophet, but in Quran two different names are used for prophets: rasul and nabi. What is the difference between rasul and nabi?
8
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1answer
2k views

What is the Islamic definition of music?

Based on answers from questions like (Music in Islam?), it seems that music is haraam. My question is, has Islamdefined for muslims what music is? For example, is music: singing without musical ...
3
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5answers
50k views

What is the literal meaning of the word “Qur'an”?

I know that the Qur'an is the book revealed by the prophet Muhammad, but I'd like to know what the meaning of this word "Qur'an" is literally? What is its root?
4
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1answer
439 views

What are the minimum requirements for someone to be a “student of knowledge”?

A student of knowledge (طالب العلم) describes someone who studies Islam (or, more specifically, sacred knowledge). However, it's hard for me to tell if someone is genuinely a student of knowledge, or ...
2
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2answers
1k views

What is the Khabar? How is it different than Sira, Akbar, Sunnah, & Hadith in general?

I know this must be a basic question so please forgive my ignorance, but I'm unfamiliar with the textual difference/similarities among the texts. I was able to discern that Khabar means "historical ...
12
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6answers
37k views

What is the definition of Muslim according to the Holy Quran?

Is there any verse in the Holy Quran that provides a clear definition of who should be considered Muslim? Some extremist groups of Muslims use their own definition of Muslim and call some other ...
6
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1answer
4k views

What is the difference between 'Wahi' and 'Ilham'?

Are these interchangeable terms? Is there a way by which even non prophets can acquire information/communication from the unseen?
3
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3answers
638 views

Is to say “God” the same as to say “Allah”?

Clearly I'm not very familiar with Islam, but I prefer to become knowledgeable in a wide range of things, so if I'm asking a question here, or speaking to a Muslim, should I strictly use "Allah" to ...
4
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2answers
3k views

Refering to Allah (SWT) as “him”?

I was watching a khutba on youtube and the Imam referred to Allah (SWT) as "him". If you need a context to go with this the sentence was, "Allah (SWT) doesn't need us, we need him." I sometimes feel ...
2
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1answer
277 views

What are the complete writings of Islam? Qur'an, Hadith, Ahadith, Sunnah, Tafsir, etc? How do they relate to each other? Chart? Map?

This question obviously divulges my lack of knowledge in Islamic texts, but I hope that you wouldn't mind instructing me with general basic info so I can began to learn more about Islam and grow in ...
5
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1answer
3k views

What is a 'non-believer' or 'pagan'?

Under what conditions is someone considered a 'non-believer' or 'pagan' in Islam? Does believing in one God constitute 'belief', and is a Christian or Jew (or followers of monotheistic non-Abrahamic ...
2
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2answers
652 views

What are Sunnah Rawaatib?

Allah will build a house in Heaven for whoever is diligent in observing 12 Sunnah Rak'aat, called Sunnah Rawaatib. (A version of this is at Islam Q&A.) What are Sunnah Rawaatib?
2
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0answers
31 views

How can I practically determine what “should” means?

I hear the word should used a lot and its meaning can be vague. To illustrate how many times this occurs, from the single article Forty Hadiths for Women, the word should appears in: woman should ...
1
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1answer
137 views

Is the Qur'an a book?

This may seem like a strange question at first, since well, we can literally see that the Qur'an is a book: And we often refer to it as a book. And the Qur'an refers to itself as a book (Qur'an 5:15:...
5
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2answers
2k views

what is a bidah (bid-ah), the definition and the way to identify it?

I've read a lot about bid-ah here and other places, but it seems there is no definite meaning for it as someone expands it to anything new even innovations in technology and saying there are good ...
2
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3answers
1k views

Why is Islam called “The Religion of Peace”?

What does it mean. Is this politically correct term to describe Islam? What is its origin? Islam - Religion of Peace - Wikipedia
4
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10answers
7k views

Did the Quran ever mention Universe?

I am intrigued by the world السماواتthat is often used in Holy Quran to describe God creation of skies and the earth. In arabic السماوات means skies, which is not the same as Universe. Sky is the ...
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2answers
8k views

What are the Arsh and Kursi of Allah?

What are the Arsh and Kursi of Allah? How are they different from each other?
7
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1answer
8k views

What is the meaning of Shafa'ah (Sunni view)?

There is some narration from Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) installed in Masjid an Nabawi in Madinah, justified as "Sahih"(=Correct) or "Hassan"(=Well) in different Sunni references: النَّبِيِّ صلى الله ...
4
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2answers
638 views

who is a Musafir?

Musafir is a traveler, but after covering how much distance is a person called Musafir? I've been searching for this everywhere but the distance varies everywhere.
3
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2answers
351 views

Who exactly can be called a hafidh?

In popular parlance hafidh or hafiz seems primarily to refer to a person who has memorized the whole Qur'an. But when we read books we find this title mostly used to introduce a hadith scholar such as ...
3
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1answer
230 views

Islam position of the use of “Allah” word by non-Muslims as a synonym to God

This is because I read today the news about Malaysia banning of a comic book using the word "Allah" to describe its hero. (Al Jazeera) For me I feel that using it in such context is defaming to Islam,...
3
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1answer
2k views

Should we include TV shows or series in the definition of “idle talk”?

The phrase "idle talks" appears in this ayah; “And of mankind is he who purchases idle talks (i.e. music, singing) to mislead (men) from the path of Allaah…” [Luqmaan 31:6] In an article about music ...
2
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1answer
164 views

What makes one a part of the Ummah?

According to the accepted answer in the linked question below, an ummah is " the whole community of Muslims bound together by ties of religion". But didn't earlier Prophets have their own ummah? Is ...
2
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1answer
2k views

What is the difference between “muhajaba” and “hijabi”?

It seems both muhajaba (or muhajiba) and hijabi refer to women who observe hijab. Personally, I like hijabi because it sounds cute, and not for any serious reason. Question: What is the difference ...
2
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0answers
498 views

What exactly is a 'Wahy' in Islam?

I understand that in Islamic school of thought, it is said to be revelation of God's message to His chosen people like Prophets, Messengers (and according to some folks also the pious and righteous ...
2
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1answer
164 views

When did converts to Islam start being called “reverts”?

I've seen a few related explanations behind the motivation behind using the word "revert" to mean "convert", e.g., ...we are all born as Muslims; ...children are born with an innate sense of ...
1
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1answer
632 views

Who defined the terms “makki” and “madani”?

I know part of Qur'an was revealed in Makka and remaining was revealed in Madina. However, some surahs of the Qur'an (moshaf) are declares to be "makki" or "madani", based on revelation. So I want to ...
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1answer
2k views

What is “taharrush gamea” and is it part of Islam?

I stumbled upon another anti-Islam site, billionbibles.org. They have an article on Taharrush Gamea which they define as the coordinated sexual attack of a girl or a woman in public by a mass of ...
1
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1answer
200 views

Does salat mean prayer to Allah?

Salam, I am confused about salat/namaz. Does salat mean prayer to Allah? But how come God sends salat to the prophet? If you know Arabic enough could you please explain salat in Quranic context? ...
1
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1answer
73 views

Why is a martyr called a Shaheed?

Assalamu Alaikum Brothers in Islam, Why is the martyr who dies in the way of Allah Azza Wajjal considered a shaheed when the word shaheed means "to witness" ? What is he witnessing?
1
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2answers
178 views

What exactly is takfir (declaration of disbelief)?

Wikipedia writes: Takfir or takfeer (Arabic: تكفير‎ takfīr) is... one Muslim declaring another Muslim as a non-believer (kafir). Takfir, Wikipedia I had thought this definition was clear and ...