Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about Islamic terms, the ways they are used, and what they mean.

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178 views

What exactly is takfir (declaration of disbelief)?

Wikipedia writes: Takfir or takfeer (Arabic: تكفير‎ takfīr) is... one Muslim declaring another Muslim as a non-believer (kafir). Takfir, Wikipedia I had thought this definition was clear and ...
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What does “make dua for us” mean?

In this question: What would be the way to say "Have a good Hajj" to someone who is about to travel to Saudi Arabia for their Hajj? One answer suggested to ask people that go for Hajj, to "...
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Madhab of the salaf and the 4 madahib (Maliki, Shafi'i, Hanbali, Hanafi)

Salamo3alaykom, I don't understand when scholars refer to something as "madhabu as-Salaf u Saalih". Aren't the Madahib 4 which are already known? I don't want to discredit the biggest scholars of this ...
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135 views

Is it wrong to use the words Namaz, Khuda, Roza?

I am from Bangladesh. Here almost everyone exclusively use the word Namaz to refer to Salat. Recently my parents have been pressuring me to use the word Salat in place of Namaz. Their argument goes ...
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35 views

What is rewayat?

Assalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu, I see a few posts related to ‘rewayat’. I would like to know what this means. Jazakallah khair.
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How to interprete the “tabaqat الطبقات” categories in books on Jarh wa Ta'adil

Usually in books of jarh wa ta'adil scholars classify narrators in so called tabaqat الطبقات which seem to be some kind of categories or division for narrators. I found it strange that two people who ...
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60 views

What is exactly meant by كرامت/keramet

I was discussing with a friend the term كرامت He was really confident, that people can fly and teleport if he has keramet. Or if someone is a really bad human he also can fly. I told to him that ...
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79 views

What exactly consitutes a vow (nadhr النذر)?

Allah the almighty says in the Qur'an describing the righteous people: They [are those who] fulfill [their] vows and fear a Day whose evil will be widespread. (76:7) I'm not sure whether there's a ...
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What is the difference between the different formulations used in describing how a hadith was transmitted?

In hadith books we may read in the narrator chain how and via whom a hadith was transmitted. I wonder if different formulations indicate different ways of transmission here some examples we may find: ...
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Praise, Ibaadat, Worship, is there any difference?

What is the difference between Praise, Ibaadath, Worship?
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What is the difference between 'illa and sabab in usul al fiqh?

I have been reading that some scholars do not differentiate between 'illa العلة and sabab السبب in usul al fiqh, while others do. Question: What is the difference between 'illa and sabab in usul al ...
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what is a bidah (bid-ah), the definition and the way to identify it?

I've read a lot about bid-ah here and other places, but it seems there is no definite meaning for it as someone expands it to anything new even innovations in technology and saying there are good ...
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144 views

What is good and evil in Islam?

I just mean the terms by which they are referred by; the obvious terms seem to be halal and haram. But whereas in English, one can say that Rafiq is a good man, and that Rezaq is an evil man; it ...
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Does Shia Islam prohibit saying “Ameen” after reciting al Fatiha?

In Iran, people refrained from saying Ameen after prayer (which I'm accustomed to saying). Chatting with a Shia friend today, he indicated I shouldn't say it, so I did some Googling, and a user of ...
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What makes one a part of the Ummah?

According to the accepted answer in the linked question below, an ummah is " the whole community of Muslims bound together by ties of religion". But didn't earlier Prophets have their own ummah? Is ...
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Is there any prescribed/Sunnah way of apologizing or saying sorry to someone?

There are certain Islamic terms we Muslims are to use, for example, while thanking someone we say "Jazak Allahu Khayran" and before starting something "Bismillah", intention to do something in the ...
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73 views

Why is a martyr called a Shaheed?

Assalamu Alaikum Brothers in Islam, Why is the martyr who dies in the way of Allah Azza Wajjal considered a shaheed when the word shaheed means "to witness" ? What is he witnessing?
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What does “Jazak Allah Khair” mean?

Asslamu allikum I would like to know the usage of Jazak Allah Khair. When is it best used and, is there any restrictions? What does "Jazak Allah Khair" mean? When do we use "Jazak Allah Khair"? ...
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78 views

What is the Purpose of the Arsh and Kursi?

Since Allah is free from body, shape and space why did He create a Throne and a Footstool? Related Question: What are the Arsh and Kursi of Allah?
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What does Shurooq means?

when I used console-mode time prayer for my Ubuntu, there about was called Shurooq. One thing that I know about it that it 's shown time before allowed to held duha prayer. Are there another else ...
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What's a “Dweller of hell”?

In the following passage, what's a "dweller of hell"? A dead human, or some non-human being? Abu Umama narrated: “The Messenger of God said, ‘Everyone that God admits into paradise will be ...
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What if Allah freed one of his slaves? [closed]

We are all slaves of Allah, but what if he decided to free someone very noble who asked to be freed? What would happen to that person, if he decided not to continue to serve Allah as his servant? What ...
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322 views

What is the literal meaning of word Tafsir and where from it originates?

Tafseer is interpreted as the explanation of Quranic Verses. What is the litral meaning of word tafseer and its origin.Explain on the basis of historical background.
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What is Isra' and Mi'raj?

What is Isra' and Mi'ray? Are these two names related with the Prophet (saw) ascension? Is it allowed to celebrate the "night of the ascension?". In some pages this celebration it is said that is a ...
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What was religion called before Islam came?

Islam came as religion of peace and the complete edition of other "Holy Book" (Taurat, Zabur, Injhil), according to Quran. As we know other religion such as "christian" for the person who is beliefs ...
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Who are the “unbelievers” in the Quran whom Muslims are not meant to take as friends?

There are some verses in Quran about relationship with unbelievers: لَّا يَتَّخِذِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْكَافِرِينَ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِن دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۖ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ فَلَيْسَ مِنَ اللَّهِ ...
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What is the precise meaning of “Surah”?

According to my research, the word "Surah" has some meanings, such as: Enclosure, Altitude, the wall which is around the city. (www.islamquest.net) But I was wondering what its precise meaning is? ...
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Who are the Madeans? [closed]

Giving the fact that there are more than 4 Holy Books (Psalms, Torah, Injeel, Quran) but not named; besides Jews and Christians, which nations in the Quran can be considered as the people of the book....
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Did the Quran ever mention Universe?

I am intrigued by the world السماواتthat is often used in Holy Quran to describe God creation of skies and the earth. In arabic السماوات means skies, which is not the same as Universe. Sky is the ...
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What a person who rejects associating oneself with a madhab is called?

A person who holds the view that one should not restrict oneself to a single madhaab. Are they given any specific name?
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Meanings of the word Islam [duplicate]

What is the base of the Word Islam, it is Is and Lam combined, meaning Peace, it is P-e-ace, and what does it represents, can any one translate the word in its essence please.
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Who exactly can be called a hafidh?

In popular parlance hafidh or hafiz seems primarily to refer to a person who has memorized the whole Qur'an. But when we read books we find this title mostly used to introduce a hadith scholar such as ...
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Does an action that Messenger of Allah did in private count as Sunnah?

The Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H) did things in private, some of which may have been narrated by his wives. By private, I mean within boundaries of his home. Do these count as Sunnah ?
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Conversion / converted or “Reversion” / “Reverted”?

I often hear some anthropologists or "experts" and Western converted Muslims say that it is wrong to use the term "convert", and that we should instead use the neologism "revert(ed)", because "that is ...
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Who uses “sharia” as a synonym for “fiqh” or “din”?

A. Maftuhin, The Historiography of Islamic Law: The Case of Tarikh al-Tashri' Literature, Al-Jāmi‘ah: J. Islamic Studies, 2016 (URL), writes: For those who use shariah as the synonyms for fiqh, the ...
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What does shahada 'amaliyya (faith by deed) mean?

I've encountered the term "shahada 'amaliyya" twice now: Every Muslim must enact a practical shahada [shahada 'amaliyya] on the ground of our lived reality after they have pronounced a verbal ...
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Is there a term to describe narrations from Sahaba?

Take the account of the slander of Aisha (r.a.) from her own mouth, for example: it is not hadith. Do such narrations (narrations from sahaba and the wives of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and ...
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What are the complete writings of Islam? Qur'an, Hadith, Ahadith, Sunnah, Tafsir, etc? How do they relate to each other? Chart? Map?

This question obviously divulges my lack of knowledge in Islamic texts, but I hope that you wouldn't mind instructing me with general basic info so I can began to learn more about Islam and grow in ...
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What is a “Muslim” (surrendered) and what is a “Mumin” (believer/safe)?

In the Quran, two terms are used to refer to those on the straight path (suratal mustakeem): muslim and mumin. What are some similarities and differences between "muslim" and "mumin"? In the Quran, ...
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Is the Qur'an a book?

This may seem like a strange question at first, since well, we can literally see that the Qur'an is a book: And we often refer to it as a book. And the Qur'an refers to itself as a book (Qur'an 5:15:...
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What is the literal meaning of the word “Qur'an”?

I know that the Qur'an is the book revealed by the prophet Muhammad, but I'd like to know what the meaning of this word "Qur'an" is literally? What is its root?
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What are the minimum requirements for someone to be a “student of knowledge”?

A student of knowledge (طالب العلم) describes someone who studies Islam (or, more specifically, sacred knowledge). However, it's hard for me to tell if someone is genuinely a student of knowledge, or ...
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For a woman, can another woman be a non-mahram?

Women often talk about "non-mahram men", and I'm wondering if this is mostly tautological: Question: For a woman, can another woman be a non-mahram? I recognize there are people who are agender or ...
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Does the word “infidel” have any significance in Islam?

Infidel (literally "unfaithful") is a term used in certain religions for those accused of unbelief in the central tenets of their own religion, for members of another religion, or for the irreligious. ...
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What is the Khabar? How is it different than Sira, Akbar, Sunnah, & Hadith in general?

I know this must be a basic question so please forgive my ignorance, but I'm unfamiliar with the textual difference/similarities among the texts. I was able to discern that Khabar means "historical ...
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What exactly is a 'Wahy' in Islam?

I understand that in Islamic school of thought, it is said to be revelation of God's message to His chosen people like Prophets, Messengers (and according to some folks also the pious and righteous ...
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840 views

Why use the word Allah instead of God?

As an Arab, for me the use of the Word "Allah" is only the arabic translation of God. So why create the distinction of the 2 words? I have read somewhere that this idea of using the word came from ...
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When did converts to Islam start being called “reverts”?

I've seen a few related explanations behind the motivation behind using the word "revert" to mean "convert", e.g., ...we are all born as Muslims; ...children are born with an innate sense of ...
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What is the exact meaning or purpose of Kawthar? (On Surah Al-Kawthar)

According to the initial verse of Surah Al-Kawthar: إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ / Indeed, We have granted you, [O Muhammad], al-Kawthar. I have heard that the meaning of Kawthar (in the ...
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200 views

Does salat mean prayer to Allah?

Salam, I am confused about salat/namaz. Does salat mean prayer to Allah? But how come God sends salat to the prophet? If you know Arabic enough could you please explain salat in Quranic context? ...