Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [lunar-calendar]

A calendar based on revolution of Moon around Earth.

1
vote
0answers
20 views

Recognizing lunar month by only looking the sky [closed]

Suppose somebody went on an island and don't have sense about time, dates, months. The only thing he has is seeing the sky. Is it possible to recognise which lunar month it is by just looking the sky? ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Does anyone publish a Hijri calendar in print?

Does anyone publish a Hijri calendar on paper? I know that software/app calendars are common, but I have not found a print version
1
vote
1answer
36 views

How did the Prophet(s) & Sahaba confirm Ramadan / Eid start date?

Here in South Africa, we sight the moon according to the Sunnah to determine whether it is the start of Ramadan, or the end respectively. And not every location in South Africa gets to sight the moon. ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Why astronomical calculations supercede non-sighting of the moon in some Islamic communities?

While trying to analyze the difference of opinion among the scholar on moon sightings, I came across the below Hadiths: Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: Observe fast on ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

How long does it take for Ramadhan to move from one season into the next? [closed]

Assalamualaikum and Hello to all, As a muslim experiencing Ramadhan in Europe, presently in summers, with it's long hours, has led me to think about when I experienced it in winters here when I was a ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Certainty of Eid based on moon

There is always confusion of moon sighting and deciding on Eid but I hear somewhere that the moon need to be a certain percentage to say it will be Eid next day. If that is true then what is a ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Does the Islamic 24-hour clock start at maghrib in countries that practice the Islamic calendar? If not, why?

I understand the Islamic day begins at sunset/maghrib (e.g. If the date changes with sunset, why is 'Asr called the middle prayer?). However, it is less clear whether the daily 24 hour clock also ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Was there ever a society that used only the Muslim calendar?

It is my impression that someone using only the Muslim calendar would find it difficult to figure out whether a given date several years in the future would be during the summer or winter, or how long ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Is following Saudi for moon sighting a valid opinion?

Can you please cite evidence text or YouTube videos or both for this please. My masjid follows Saudi and I'm in the UK.
2
votes
0answers
26 views

New moon sighting follow local or Saudi or international sighting? [duplicate]

What are the evidences for each view and it is not as easy as just following the new moon in your country I believe because there are many issues which even experienced scholars find it hard to ...
4
votes
2answers
223 views

Should we observe nawafil on the Night of 27th Rajab?

Is there any ibadah prescribed by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) for the night of 27th Rajab?
5
votes
1answer
597 views

Why the Jewish Pesach or Passover and the Islamic 'Ashura' don't fall on the same day?

As far as I know the Jewish calendar is (or was) a lunar calendar as our Islamic calendar. And among Muslims the hadith of ibn 'Abbas saying that Jews in Medina used to fast the 10th of Muharram is ...
5
votes
2answers
115 views

Islamic new year beginning in Muharram

I wonder, why does the Islamic new year start in the month of Muharram. As Muslims start their calendar with the immigration of the Holy Prophet from Mecca to Medina, known as Hijra, the first day of ...
5
votes
2answers
135 views

When calculating moon phases and prayer times found acceptance among the scholars?

After posting the question Are questions on the historical inauguration of some "utilities" or "methods" on topic? on meta I finally decided to ask ask it here: I'm pretty sure ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

If the date changes with sunset, why is 'Asr called the middle prayer?

Islam follows a lunar calendar. Obviously, the month changes at the site of first crescent of the new moon and this happens only at sunset. It therefore implies that a date too should change at sunset....
2
votes
1answer
72 views

How is the Gregorian week and the Islamic week aligned?

In Arabic dates off the week are numbered 1-7. In English and other similar languages, they are named after 'gods' and 'goddesses'. But hoe it's or that the Friday of one week matches the equivalent ...
3
votes
3answers
285 views

Why does the Hijri calendar continue indefinitely?

assalaamu `alaykum, raHmat Allah wa-barakaatuhu In the Hebrew calendrical reckoning, there is a concept know as `ibbur (lit., "impregnation") whereby a month is added every so often in order to keep ...
2
votes
2answers
926 views

Is Ramadan the only reason Islam uses lunar calendar?

I was curious why Islam uses the lunar calendar. The solar calendar seems more pragmatic because the same date falls in the same season every year. E.g. thanks to the solar calendar, it is easy to ...