Questions tagged [khilafah]

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When and where did Hasan ibn Ali(RA) die?

When and where did Hazrat Hasan(RA), son of Hazrat Ali and the grandchild of Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) die?
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how to know about Hadith (Narrator) Ravi history, character, era etc?

i want to know about Hazrat Safina or safeena abu abdurrahman RA when he born and when he died, complete biography of hazrat safina RA who narrated the hadith "Jami-Tirmidhi hedees no. 2226, Vol....
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Is it halal as a sunni to prefer Ali over Abu Bakr, Umar and Othman (Radiallahu anhum)

A salam Alaykum Basically that is my question, is it halal for sunnis to prefer Ali over them? Is it halal for me to say that if i was alive i would choose to support Ali for Khalifa over the other ...
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What is the meaning of this hadith on the caliphate?

What is the meaning of this hadith - “The caliphate will be for thirty years, then there will be a kingship after that.” [Collected by at-Tirmidhi (2226) who graded it ḥasan, as did Ibn Ḥajar in ...
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Did rival Muslim rulers have any religious premise to justify the wars between their umma?

Much blood has been shed between Muslims in rivalry over who should lead the umma. Before fighting over politics, the premise of the requirement of a single ruler for all of the Muslims was never ...
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Who elected Khalifah in Rashidun Chalipate?

I asked in history stackexchange. Sunni source is that the first four Chaliphs are "properly" elected. However, some Syiah disagree. This one says, for example, https://history.stackexchange.com/...
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Did Ali ever say that only house of Muhamad can rule muslims?

Wikipedia seems to say so After Ali's death, Kufi Muslims pledged allegiance to his eldest son Hasan without dispute, as Ali on many occasions had declared that just People of the House of ...
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Was khutbah delivered in the Arabic language in non-Arabic speaking lands during the 4 caliphs rule?

The Caliphs conquered non-muslim lands who didn't speak arabic and I assume there must have been conversions during this time as well. So, did the friday khutbah take place in arabic there or was it ...
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What is the Shia position on 'Umar ibn 'Abdalaziz and his reign?

For sunni's the reign of 'Umar ibn 'Abdal'aziz is considered as a time of Justice. And he is wdely considerd as the fifth of the rashidi caliphs. I've heard that he made a statement (the verification ...
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Is changing lip colour haram?

I've heard from sources that you can change somethings about yourself for temporarily or it has to be a slight adjustment so does changing lip colour apply to these.
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Why it is prohibited for Muslims to enter a building with images and statues?

While going through the below question: Can social functions be booked in a Church? I stumbled upon this Hadith: Ibn ‘Aa’idh narrated in Futooh al-Shaam that when ‘Umar came to Syria, the Christians ...
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What were the major introductions made by the so called rashidi caliphs in terms of public administration?

At the time of Muhammad () one could say that the Islamic government had his base in Medina or wherever he actually was. As far as I know there were no state officials nor a treasury etc. these kinds ...
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Was Adam (as) predestined to eat from the forbidden tree?

Assalam o Alaikum brothers, Someone just asked me a question, and to be frank, I didn't have a substantial reply. I'm also quiet confused now regarding this topic. I understand that Allah swt in ...
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Why did Ali postponed swearing loyalty to Abu Bakr?

Shia and Sunni disagreed on some important things. Shia thinks that Muhamad select Ali as a caliph. Sunni thinks no. In fact, an answer in this stackexchange, says that Muhammad actually primed Abu ...
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Can anyone find the reference for Hazrat Ali r.a saying?

Saying is like whoever advice a person publicly has pushed him towards evil even more and whoever advice a person alone, pushed him towards good.
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Must muslims establish khilafah?

Do muslims have the obligation to create a khilafah? What is this opinion based on? Is the creation of khilafah a sunni, or shia "thing". What schools favors khilafah?
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Is Indonesian Muslim being Lied to by Al Maidah 51?

Some politicians in Indonesia tell muslims that Al Maidah 51 tell them to only vote for muslim governors. Are those politicians lying? This is probably a bit of semantic. What about if the muslim ...
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is fratricide between princes permissible? [closed]

I have been studying Ottoman history for more than a year now (particularly 16th Century). I constantly come across the tradition of fratricide. According to a book I bought at a Museum in Istanbul, ...
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Did the Quran exist in it's present order before the death of Prophet (SAW)? [duplicate]

I was reading the below Hadith: Narrated `Aisha: Once Fatima came walking and her gait resembled the gait of the Prophet (ﷺ) . The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Welcome, O my daughter!" Then he made ...
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Why didn't Ali (RA) punish the assassin of Usman?

I've read in many places that he was hesitant to punish his killers, which eventually led to the fitnah and then his own death. If he'd had punished them possibly the battle of Karbala could've been ...
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Why is Muhsin bin Ali bin Abi Talib not considered among imams of Shia?

We know Shias accept Hassan and hussain among twelve imams. Why don't shia accept Muhsin , the third male offspring of Ali and Fatima as an imam among the twelve imams? Even though they admit that he ...
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Did ulama actively oppose the caliphate's expansionism?

Wikipedia has a decent overview over early conquests of the Islamic empire. The expansion seems to have been one of the most rapid in history. I'm not aware of any Muslim scholar who opposed the ...
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Was there an Islamically sanctioned reason for Aisha, the prophet's wife, to revolt against the election of Ali ibn Abu Talib for caliph by the Ummah? [duplicate]

Was her motive purely political, or was their an Islamically sanctioned reason? The moderators said this question was a duplicate and referred to a link that had 4 detailed answers. Most of the ...
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Shias believe the successors to Muhammad must be from the Ahl-ul-Bayt. Aren't the four Rashidun caliphs related to the Prophet?

Shias believe the successor of Muhammad has to be from the Ahl-ul-Bayt( Family of the Prophet). Abu Bakr as-saddiq and Umar ibn al-Khattab were father in laws of the Prophet. Othman ibn Affan is also ...
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Limits of the legislative powers of the caliph

In a comment to this answer, user Uma states (picking up an example about fizzy water I suggested): The limits ordained by religion are that the caliph shouldn't prevent doing an obligatory ...
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Is the hadith of the pond of Khumm authentic? If so, what is the sunni view on it?

In this hadith of the pond of Khumm, it shows that Ali is shown to be said that he is the master of whom the Prophet was the master of: O people, Allah the Most Kind the Omniscient has told me that ...
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Were the military adventures of Caliphs conquering land after land just? [closed]

As far as I know the Prophet of Islam (pbuh) mostly fought defensive wars while after death of Prophet, Muslim caliphs began a journey to conquer land after land and to bring territories under their ...
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What is the punishment for disobeying the caliph?

Would it be considered the same as disobeying Muhammad himself? Assuming the caliph was fulfilling his duties. Or are there grounds to disobey proclamations by either? Any help or insight with this ...
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is it true that Islam Spread by the Sword? or Declared many War? [closed]

In the past Islam had big glory and had many region, could someone tell me why Islam had accomplished such a big glory and had so many region? according to that, is it true Islam had Declared so many ...
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Can I be Shi'a while still believing that Allah has blessed the khoulafaa (Omar, Othman, Abou Bakr)?

I found Du'a made by Khomayni (Shi'a) دعاء صنمي قريش asking Allah to take Khoulafaa (Omar, Othman, Abou Bakr) into the eternal hell. I also saw many Shi'a fatwas which say that العشرة المبشرين بالجنة ...
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Is pledge of Allegiance to a caliph\Imam mandatory?

Assuming a caliph has been appointed for Muslims (like this one), is it obligatory for a Muslim to pledge allegiance to a caliph if he is uncertain? from what I read in hadiths: Ali did not pledge ...
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Contradiction in khilafah hadis? (Sahih Muslim Book 33, Hadith 10; In-book reference)

I found so many hadis on khilafah that contradict each other: The khilafah after me is thirty years, then there will be biting kingship in Sahih ibn hibban Khilafah is thirty years I went ...
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Is caliphate a sunni concept,shia or both? [closed]

After reading Wiki on Prophet Mohammed's descendants i gleaned thus: through Fatimah (Shia fiqu?)they are known as sharifs hence caliphs and caliphate.Why are ISIS-Sunni claiming a caliphate? Do Sunni ...
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Why did Hossein Ibn Ali not accept Yazid ibn Muawiya's as a caliph?

Why did the grandson of the Prophet, Hossein Ibn Ali, not accept Yazid ibn Muawiya as a caliph?
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Who has the authority to assign successor (caliph)? God? The Prophet? People? (Shia view)

The society of Muslims needs to be guided by caliph after Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). Hence, after the death of holy prophet (PBUH), a caliph was assigned to guide and rule the Muslims. According to my ...
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Concept of Raza (permission) of Imam in Islam

Is Raza (permission) of authoritative leader/caliph/Imam required to lead prayers in Islam? Assuming the leader/Amir exists among us.
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489 views

Who has the authority to assign successor (caliph)? God? prophet? people? (Sunni view)

The society of Muslims needs to be guided by caliph after prophet Mohammad (PBUH). Hence, after the death of holy prophet (PBUH), a caliph was assigned to guide and rule the Muslims. According to my ...
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What is the difference between “Caliphate” and” Imamate”?

As far as I know, Sunni believe in Caliphate, and Shia believe in Imamate. My question is that: What is the difference between Imamate and Caliphate?
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What did the prophet say about whom the first caliph should be?

As I know, there is an ongoing discussion on who the first caliph should have been, but what did the holy prophet Muhammed s.a.s. said about this matter? What was his commandment? Is there a safe ...
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Was a registry of Muslims maintained in past?

It is required in Islam to pay the zakat and other obligations towards the leader of the Muslims, for this a registry of Muslims is essential was such a registry maintained by the Muslims of the time? ...
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Requirements for being chosen as a Caliph?

Spawned from this question what is the requirements for becoming and remaining a Caliph (or ruler in general) according to Islam? Is there any requirement at all or whoever could reach the power and ...
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`Umar's statement on the doctrine of succession in Islam

I came across a hadith in Sahih al-Bukhari; it is a rather long hadith which tells the story of Umar giving a sermon when his death was close. Please read the hadith before proceeding. I excerpt the ...
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Is there any accountability for ruler in Islam and if so, what is the model?

Reading the history, I have noticed that Islamic ruler are mostly tyrants rather than rulers. They have full control of all affairs. No one can defy them. There is no election. A descendent of the ...
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Shia view about three righteous caliphs (Other than Ali R.A.)

There is a Sahih Hadith stating the names of ten (10) people who the Prophet (SA) stated that they will be in Paradise. These names include the names of four righteous caliphs, Abu Bakar RA, Umer RA, ...
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What is the difference between a King and a Khalif?

In my mind I do not see a difference between a king and a kalipha, a king is usually chosen by the people, and a kalipha is also chosen by the people, I do not really see a difference between them. ...
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Abu-Bakrs, Omars, and 'Aishas in the offspring of Imam Ali

I heard that in the offspring of Imam Ali bin Abu-Talib (may Allah be pleased with him and honor his face), there were ones who were called: Abu-Bakr Omar 'Aisha Is this true? could you mention them ...