Questions tagged [history]

History pertaining to Islam, it's origin, spreading of Islam and others.

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Did ulama actively oppose the caliphate's expansionism?

Wikipedia has a decent overview over early conquests of the Islamic empire. The expansion seems to have been one of the most rapid in history. I'm not aware of any Muslim scholar who opposed the ...
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Is there a book that presents the surahs of the Quran in chronological order with full description

Not being fluent in Arabic, I have to rely on English translations and latin transliterations for trying to understand and pronounce the Quran. I think alot of mine and other people's questions about ...
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Are there any tenets of Sunni Islam that started out as a revolutionary idea that were resisted by the majority Sunni consensus at the time?

This Q came up as I learnt about Sheikh Mustapha Rashid’s fatwa about hijab not being compulsory going against current Sunni consensus. Since Ijma is a core Sunni principle, I wonder if there is any ...
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Which of the prophets and messengers are known to have drunk alcohol (if any)?

Drinking alcohol is haram: They ask you about wine and gambling. Say, "In them is great sin and [yet, some] benefit for people. But their sin is greater than their benefit." And they ask ...
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Status of al Waqidi as a narrator?

I know there is a lot of criticism for Al-Waqidi by the scholars and muhadditheen (scholars of hadith). They accuse him of being a liar and unreliable. But some scholars say he is trustworthy, such as ...
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If the Bani Hashim were so weak by Muhammad's day, how could Abu Talib protect him from the powerful Quraysh?

I asked a related question earlier, trying to understand the sudden, catastrophic decline of the Bani Hashim from the high point during the early adulthood of Abd al-Muttalib to the low point at the ...
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Why is prophet Muhammad different from other prophets and why this makes him so important?

Why is prophet Muhammad different from other prophets and why does this make him so important?
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Were the military adventures of Caliphs conquering land after land just? [closed]

As far as I know the Prophet of Islam (pbuh) mostly fought defensive wars while after death of Prophet, Muslim caliphs began a journey to conquer land after land and to bring territories under their ...
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What was Ramadan and fasting in Islam before the time of Muhammad ﷺ?

I want to know the status and significance of Ramadan and sawm before the time of Muhammad ﷺ. For example, in one hadeeth (reported by Wathilah ibn al-Asq’a): The Prophet (peace and blessings of ...
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Why did Umar forbid Mutah (temporary marriage) after the death of the prophet?(shia view) [closed]

In a famous sermon,the second caliph 'Umar banned mutah after the death of the Prophet (PBUH) with the following words: "Two mutah were practiced during the time of the Prophet [i.e. temporary ...
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What happened to people who were born and died before the Prophet's birth? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the fate of someone who died never hearing of Islam? Does Islam accept that there was life before the Prophet's birth? If yes, then at that time on what basis people ...
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Did any sect/denomation ascribe divinity to a person?

Did any sect/denomination ascribe divinity to a person in the history of Islam ? If yes, what sect/denomination and who was the person? Also what were their basis for that ?
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Did women create a space between their teeth to look beautiful in the Prophet's time?

Regarding the hadith: Allah has cursed those women who practise tattooing and those who get themselves tattooed, and those who remove their face hairs, and those who create a space between their ...
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Did Muhammad torture anyone to get info?

According this wikipedia Article Kenana ibn al-Rabi was tortured by Muhammad to reveal where his treasure is? Why can't Muhammad just ask God or Gabriel where the treasure is? If it's not true, ...
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How come the Prophet's father name is “Abdu ellah”?

The prophet came to the world in a society that used to believe in many fake gods, and especially not in the great God. The Prophet's father name is Abdu Allah which the translation to English is ...
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What did the prophet (PBUH) said to the bounty hunter who accepted Islam during Hijrah and what is his name?

During the hijrah of rasulullah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), he was with Abu Bakr in the cave while the mushrikeen sought him out. Unable to find him, they placed a significant bounty on his head. ...
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How accurate are these statements about the naming of Safina?

The Muslim historian, Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, has recorded the following Mahran was renamed (by Muhammad) Safina (i.e. ship). He himself relates his own story. He says, “The apostle of God and his ...
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Was Mohammed a Christian?

When Islam was first founded there were some Christians who considered it to be a heresy. 1 It wasn't until Mohammed was 40 years old that he claimed he was visited by the angel Gabriel and received ...
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Does Qur'an 7:133 imply there were five plagues of Egypt?

Christianity describes ten plagues of Egypt: (a) water into blood, (b) frogs, (c) lice, (d) mixture of wild animals or flies, (e) diseased livestock, (f) boils, (g) thunderstorm of hail and fire, (h) ...
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How can Ka'ab predicted Umar death?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ka%27ab_al-Ahbar Ka'b :Amir al-Muminin, you ought to write your will because you will die in three days. Umar : How do you know that ? Ka'b : I found it in the Book of ...
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How many wars did the Prophet (SAW) lead?

During the time of the Prophet (SAW) government in Medina, how many wars did he lead? I have heard that the Prophet (SAW) was involved in more than 100 wars. Are these statistics correct? What is ...
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Did Muhammad write a book about a camel going to heaven?

From a question a Christianity.SE, How did St John of Damascus view Islam?, we have the following snippet: The writing of St. John of Damascus basically runs like this: ... 6. He proceeds to make ...
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Why are there so many variations of Islam and what distinguishes them?

We have four main Islamic schools of thought, namely : Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi and Hanbali. Then again we have Sunni, Salafism, Wahabism, Sufism and many more. We also have the authenticated Hadith ...
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Can Prophet allow something temporarily after prohibiting it forever?

from hadith text we can see Muhammed(pbuh) first prohibit something forever/until the day of resurrection then allowing it on a later day . First he forbade it on the day of khaybar forever (...
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Did Muslims behead males of Banu Qurayza?

I read somewhere that Muslims beheaded 400-900 males of Banu Qurayza after they were defeated in war. Is there any reliable reference supporting this claim? Update: This incident is allegedly ...
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How were the previous prophets another religion?

Today I was in a discussion about previous prophets before Mohammed. Then we asked ourselves: Judaism and Christianity came before Islam so the prophets before Islam started were of a different ...
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Are there rulings, apart from alcohol consumption, whose chronology may be found in the Qur'an?

In the Qur'an we find the chronology of the ruling on alcohol see for example in my answer on Was alcohol permitted long ago, before Mohammad was born?: Alcohol allowed, alcohol declared as bad, ...
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Are all descendants of Muhammed dead?

E.g. Konfuzius has living descendants in all of China. How many descendants of the Prophet are there and are there any branches of his family tree that lived on until today?
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Which surah(s) of the Qur'an covers the most stories (Prophets/real person)?

If we look at different surahs of the Qur'an we may find them addressing many topics: For example surat al-Kahf we have the stories of the people of the cave, (the people of ar-Raqeem are also quoted ...
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What books other than his sahih imam Muslim has written?

What books other than his sahih imam Muslim has written and which of those has reached us (Examples should be sufficient if exist)? When we look at the relief of his teacher imam al-Bukhari we find ...
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Did the Prophet pay spoils of war to Meccan leaders to gain their support?

Jonathan AC Brown, in his book "Misquoting Muhammad" mentions (p 97) that the Prophet distributed much of the spoils of war to Meccan elite in order to win their trust. He doesn't mention a source for ...
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Age of Khadijah

I've often heard it claimed that Khadijah was much older than Muhammad. To my surprise, I read recently that apparently there is some dispute about this, and she may have been just 2-3 years older ...
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When did Noah live?

I understand that it is understood that Noah was one of the earliest Prophets. He is particullarly famous for the contraversal flood event. That he lived at least 950 years. My question is; When did ...
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Does the Hanbali school of thought accept qiyas despite Ibn Hanbal rejecting it, and if so why?

Analogical reasoning (Qiyas), was likewise rejected as a valid source of law by Ibn Hanbal himself, with a near-unanimous majority of later Hanbalite jurists not only accepting analogical reasoning as ...
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Authenticity of story of Umar ibn al Khattab allowing Christian to beat his head with whip?

I would like to know the authenticity and source of a long story apparently narrated by Anas ibn Malik, about a Coptic Christian being wronged by the son of a Governor of Egypt during the reign of ...
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Does the Treaty of Najran have any modern-day applicability?

This question is related to the paper: The Prophet’s Treaty with the Christians of Najran: An Analytical Study to Determine the Authenticity of the Covenants, Ahmed El-Wakil, Journal of Islamic ...
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Is Friday prayer replacement for Duhur prayer?

I been recently into a conversation where I was told that Friday prayer should be read with Duhur prayer like after Friday prayer. Also there was a part that your prayer isn't compete until you read ...
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Are there any authorities that discuss what happened to all Muhammad's captives?

I've read a number of biographies of Muhammad now. In numerous raids and battles, there seem to have been many thousands of captives taken, but nothing I've read so far mentions any specifics about ...
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Who are the parents of Umm al Baneen?

Who are the parents of Umm al Baneen (Fatima al Kalabiya), the wife of Ali Ibn Abi Talib and mother of Abbas and three other sons? I couldn't find any information about her parents, except that her ...
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What is the “Calamity of Thursday”?

I was reading some hadith and I pass by this: 114 حدثنا يحيى بن سليمان قال حدثني ابن وهب قال أخبرني يونس عن ابن شهاب عن عبيد الله بن عبد الله عن ابن عباس قال لما اشتد بالنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ...
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Where is the chain of narrators for this narration?

ووقف عمر بن الخطاب- وقد أخرأه الخبر عن وعيه- يقول: إن رجالا من المنافقين يزعمون أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم توفي، وإن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ما مات، لكن ذهب إلى ربه كما ذهب موسى بن عمران، ...
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Who is Mukhayriq “The best of jews”?

I've found one article on this subject on islamicity. This article states many things, that I could list one by one on here. However, it would be easier for all reading this in the future, if someone ...
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394 views

What time did Dhul Qarnayn live in according to Islamic sources?

What have Islamic scholars usually concluded about Dhul Qarnayn's time and what are the different views and based on what evidences? I read the following on IslamQA: Dhu’l-Qarnayn who is mentioned ...
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What was the qibla before migration?

What was the qibla for prayer in the Meccan period, before migration? I remember stories from sirah that the Prophet used to pray at the Kaaba during his stay in Mecca and I've always assumed that ...
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Who was the first person to offer animal sacrifice?

Who was the first person to offer animal sacrifice? Was it Ibrahim AS or someone before him as well?
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Why did Ali postponed swearing loyalty to Abu Bakr?

Shia and Sunni disagreed on some important things. Shia thinks that Muhamad select Ali as a caliph. Sunni thinks no. In fact, an answer in this stackexchange, says that Muhammad actually primed Abu ...
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Who named our prophet 'Muhammad' and why?

This is actually my son's question but I could not find a satisfactory quick answer. The meaning from the derived Arabic root H-M-D (to praise) is praiseworthy, commendable, laudable. src I am ...
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Why muslims are not allow to touch dogs?

My neighbour has a dog and it’s very playful. I really want to touch & play with him. But my mother told me Muslims do not touch dogs. I asked her why & she said because it’s in the Quran. She ...
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What is the background to Jews saying “the hand of Allah is chained” in Qur'an 5:64?

My question is regarding the ayah: And the Jews say, "The hand of Allah is chained." Chained are their hands, and cursed are they for what they say. Rather, both His hands are extended; He spends ...
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Authenticity of a story about Imaam Abu Hanifa debating a Roman

There's a message circulating around about Imaam Abu hanifah (rahimahullaah) saying that he debated a Roman. Here's the message: There was once an occasion when a Roman asked three questions to ...

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