Questions tagged [history]

History pertaining to Islam, it's origin, spreading of Islam and others.

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3answers
547 views

Can we demonstrate that the Quran is perfectly preserved? [closed]

I want you guys to prove it to me that the Quran is perfectly preserved. When I say this, I mean I want you to prove it to me that there is an absolute 0% chance that any verse/surah was removed, lost,...
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1answer
521 views

Why did Abu bakr divourced his wife Kabila, the mother of Asma and Abdullah ibn Omar his wife?

It was said in the Torah, that one may divorce his wife handing her a letter of Divorce, But what was the practice among the Arabs before and after Prophet Muhammad?
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2answers
773 views

Why the Jewish Pesach or Passover and the Islamic 'Ashura' don't fall on the same day?

As far as I know the Jewish calendar is (or was) a lunar calendar as our Islamic calendar. And among Muslims the hadith of ibn 'Abbas saying that Jews in Medina used to fast the 10th of Muharram is ...
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2answers
164 views

When calculating moon phases and prayer times found acceptance among the scholars?

After posting the question Are questions on the historical inauguration of some "utilities" or "methods" on topic? on meta I finally decided to ask ask it here: I'm pretty sure ...
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1answer
1k views

Sahaba who married Christians and Jews

I wanted to know about the Sahabas who married christians and jews and whose wives did not accept Islam even after the marriage, for e.g. Muawiya I had one wife who was a jacobit christian, though i ...
3
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2answers
256 views

Why did Muhammad (s.a.w.) wear a cloak in surah 74 (al-Muddaththir)? Out of fear of his first encounter with the Angel Jibreel?

In surah 74, we read that the Prophet Mohammad (s.a.w.) asked his wife Khadija to cover him in a cloak repeatedly after he heard the words of the Angel Jibreel telling him to "Recite!" Did he ask to ...
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2answers
3k views

Why did the women in Sura 12.30-31 cut their hands when they saw how “beautiful” Joseph was?

I'm reading Sura 12, the narrative on Joseph's life, and I don't think I quite understand the historical context for why the women at the banquet cut their hands with a knife when they saw how ...
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0answers
241 views

Which of the prophets and messengers are known to have drunk alcohol (if any)?

Drinking alcohol is haram: They ask you about wine and gambling. Say, "In them is great sin and [yet, some] benefit for people. But their sin is greater than their benefit." And they ask you what ...
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1answer
154 views

How does the Qur'an (and its commentators) explain the miraculous birth of Isa? Who is Isa's father?

I'm reading Sura 19, Maryam, and while I've always been familiar of the birth narrative of Isa, I never pondered how the Qur'an reconciles the immaculate conception of Maryam & miraculous birth of ...
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171 views

Whom did the Prophet divorce?

In the tafsir of ibn 'Ashur (التحرير والتنوير) of verse 33:6 I found a quote saying that our Prophet divorced a woman from Kindah before consuming the marriage. My question is did he divorce any ...
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1answer
5k views

At what age did Mohammed(PBUH) passed away?

At what age did Mohammed(PBUH) passed away ? According to hadith literature it vary between 60 , 63 and 65. Which is the correct age at which Prophet passed away? Age of 60 Bukhari Volume 7, Book ...
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1answer
2k views

In what ways did Muhammad's teachings improve the status of women?

A friend of mine has claimed that, historically, Islam and its prophet Muhammad's statements have improved the status of women compared to the earlier social or religious systems that they replaced. ...
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0answers
84 views

Status of al Waqidi as a narrator?

I know there is a lot of criticism for Al-Waqidi by the scholars and muhadditheen (scholars of hadith). They accuse him of being a liar and unreliable. But some scholars say he is trustworthy, such as ...
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1answer
5k views

Is the real name of Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) Quthem? Is Abu Kabsha another name?

I heard a scholar in Tunisa on YouTube say our beloved prophet Muhammad (saw) real name Quthem?! Also Abu Kabsha another name?! Is there any truth to this claim from any historical reliable sources?!
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86 views

If the Bani Hashim were so weak by Muhammad's day, how could Abu Talib protect him from the powerful Quraysh?

I asked a related question earlier, trying to understand the sudden, catastrophic decline of the Bani Hashim from the high point during the early adulthood of Abd al-Muttalib to the low point at the ...
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1answer
179 views

About Namaz direction in Masjide Aqsa

In al-Masjid al-Aqsa towards which direction for Namaz was used before the Kaaba in Mekka.
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748 views

Hazrat Abu Bakr altercation with Hazrat Aisha?

Is this narration authentic? "Once there was an altercation between the Prophet and Hazrat Ayesha when they found Hazrat Abu Bakr as judge. Hazrat Ayesha said to the Prophet: You speak but don’t ...
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3answers
435 views

What caused the decline of the Bani Hashim, what form did the decline take, and why did it happen so quickly?

Every biography I've read so far says that by the time of Muhammad's (pbuh) birth, the fortunes of his clan, the Bani Hashim, had declined considerably. But I'm confused about the cause of this ...
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1answer
376 views

What exactly were the problems Muhammad experienced due to being an orphan?

The biographies of Muhammad that I am reading talk only generally about it being problematic to be an orphan. They mention very few specifics. There seems to have been a stigma about orphans, but the ...
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1answer
353 views

Why did Amina never remarry?

A number of biographies of Muhammad report that he lived with the Bedouin for four to six years before he was returned to his mother. Isn't this a long time for a young woman to remain unnoticed by ...
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1answer
897 views

The book of Al-Bidayah wan nihayah By Ibn Kathir?

Salaam Alaikum The book of Al-Bidayah wan nihayah "The beginning and the end" is this book authentic does it have weak narrations?
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1answer
168 views

Do these accounts of military offensives under Abu Bakr align with Muslim historical scholarship?

I must make it absolutely clear that I am not passing judgment, and I am not seeking explanations or justifications. I am not interested in whether the Rashidun military offensives were right or wrong....
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1answer
152 views

Is Prophet Muhammed(PBUH) part of Ibrahims(PBUH)'s family?

One of my Christian friend and I were discussing about Islam and Christianity. I am not well versed with Prophets and their history. He told me that in the Bible, it is said that the descendants of ...
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1answer
119 views

Are there any scholars who explore Muhammad's thinking concerning the Satanic Verses?

Per advice from the meta site, I must make it absolutely clear that I am not making any claim about -- and indeed have no interest in -- whether the incident actually occurred. My question is about ...
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1answer
86 views

At age of 12 One of Christian father told to our prophet that you will become as a prophet. Who is that father?

At age of 12 a Christian monk told to our prophet that he will become a prophet. Who was that monk? A question asked to me by one of my christian friends
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242 views

Are there any secular scholars who explore Muhammad's reasons for not being explicit about succession?

I have tried to understand why Muhammad was not explicit about succession, but all I have found are sectarian answers. One group says Muhammad was explicit, another group says Muhammad deliberately ...
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1answer
1k views

Is Friday prayer replacement for Duhur prayer?

I been recently into a conversation where I was told that Friday prayer should be read with Duhur prayer like after Friday prayer. Also there was a part that your prayer isn't compete until you read ...
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1answer
115 views

What is the view of Sunni brethern about apointment of caliph?

I know in Quran, Allah has revealed that "And We made an appointment with Moses for thirty nights and perfected them by [the addition of] ten; so the term of his Lord was completed as forty nights....
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203 views

Why did Muslims attack Iran? [closed]

I find it contradictory that Muslims claim that Islam is the religion of peace yet they attacked Iran (Sassanid kingdom), killed millions of people, took Iranian women and sold them as sex slave. Is ...
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2answers
113 views

Are there any authorities that discuss what happened to all Muhammad's captives?

I've read a number of biographies of Muhammad now. In numerous raids and battles, there seem to have been many thousands of captives taken, but nothing I've read so far mentions any specifics about ...
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1answer
959 views

Is castration permitted in Islam

I know that in the Ottoman Caliphet, the janissaries were castrated, so was castration permitted according to Sharia Law
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1answer
69 views

What does it mean for one tribe to be stronger than another?

I've read a few different biographies of Muhammad, and they all talk about one tribe being "stronger" or "weaker" than another. For example, in Medina, the Jewish tribes were originally stronger, but ...
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92 views

Did any sect/denomation ascribe divinity to a person?

Did any sect/denomination ascribe divinity to a person in the history of Islam ? If yes, what sect/denomination and who was the person? Also what were their basis for that ?
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1answer
66 views

Why were the Sunni Imams of fiqh made imams and nobody else?

How come the Sunni Imams of fiqh were made imam and nobody else? And similarly who decided credibility of muhadetheen.
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1answer
546 views

Why did Caliph Umar ban women from attending mosques?

From Gender segregation and Muslims, Wikipedia: The second caliph Umar also prohibited women from attending mosques especially at night because he feared they may be sexually harassed or assaulted ...
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3answers
6k views

Why is prophet Muhammad different from other prophets and why this makes him so important?

Why is prophet Muhammad different from other prophets and why does this make him so important?
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0answers
100 views

How does Allah preserve his revelations throughout human history?

Allāh declares in Qur'an 6:114-115; 18:27 that none — hence no human can alter his words as revealed through successive Prophets. Most surely Allāh makes provisions for preventing the ...
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0answers
86 views

From when and which perspective did Imam and Mu'addhin of Masjid start to get paid?

As far I know, in the age of Nabi (sm.), sahabi (ra.), tabeyin (rh.), tabe-tabeyin (rh.), there was no instance of paying Imam and Muajjin (Muadhin/Muezzin) of Masajid. But now-a-days, we see, in ...
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2answers
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Different versions of Arabic Qur'an

Tanzil.net writes: The Medina Mushaf ... publishes the holy quran according to three famous narration, i.e., Hafs, Warsh, and Ad-Duriyy. The Quran text provided by Tanzil is based on the Medina ...
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106 views

Is it true that the Prophet Mohamed said he inspired himself from the Apostles of Jesus-Christ?

I read a few years ago a translation of the Coran very near the text and done by a serious author. I read: "The prophet Mohamed inspired himself from the teaching of the Apostles of Jerusalem, ...
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0answers
146 views

Were the military adventures of Caliphs conquering land after land just? [closed]

As far as I know the Prophet of Islam (pbuh) mostly fought defensive wars while after death of Prophet, Muslim caliphs began a journey to conquer land after land and to bring territories under their ...
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1answer
320 views

Death of Asma Bint Marwan

I want to ask why our Holy Prophet (Peace be Upon Him) gave death order of Asma Bint Marwan?
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2answers
251 views

What is the Islamic interpretation of Jesus? [duplicate]

I read in an article that Muslims believe and recognize Jesus as a holy, or at least historical figure. That got me curious, what is the historical significance of Jesus in the Islamic faith? How does ...
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1answer
128 views

Do Jews Worship Ezra As The Son Of God [closed]

Do Jews worship Erza as the son of God, It says in the Qur'an, verse 9:30 they do but I spoke with a Jew, and he told me they don't worship Ezra as the son of God.
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366 views

Did Prophet Muhammad really believe what he said is the word of God?

I want to make a disclaimer first. I am not a follower of Islam or any other religion for that matter. I like to maintain a neutral perspective. I've been reading this book No God but God by Reza ...
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1answer
146 views

What were the rules of engagement in military conflicts in the first centuries after Muhammad?

Did Islam have some rules of engagement in military conflicts, concerning women, children and old men? Were there any rules for not touching them after conquering a city or territory? Did Muhammad ...
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2answers
916 views

Why is there a difference in the names of prophets between Muslims, Christians and Jews?

Why is there a difference between the names of prophets in christianity, islam and Judaism, for example we refer to Jesus (AS) as Isa(AS). How did this difference occur and why? A name is a name no ...
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5answers
231 views

Why Tafriqa (division) In Islam?

Salam everyone, I have question to ask. When ALLAH s.w.t had ordered us that we should not make any kind of tafriqa (sectarianism/splitting) then why all the Muslims have made their tafriqas (sects) ...
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1answer
742 views

Why are there so many variations of Islam and what distinguishes them?

We have four main Islamic schools of thought, namely : Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi and Hanbali. Then again we have Sunni, Salafism, Wahabism, Sufism and many more. We also have the authenticated Hadith ...
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1answer
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Whom among the Sahaba led prayers during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)

During the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah () there have already been a lot of mosques and situations where some Sahaba () had to lead the prayers in congregation in the Masjid an-Nabawi in Medina ...