Questions tagged [history]

History pertaining to Islam, it's origin, spreading of Islam and others.

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1answer
691 views

Does Aisha witnessing her father's migration to Abyssinia imply she could not have consummated her marriage at age 9?

In How old was Aisha when she married the Prophet (s)?, Dr. Jasser Auda◊ writes about ahadith describing Aisha's age of consummation: ... Unexpectedly Allah's Apostle came to me in the forenoon and ...
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What does the “Taqlid Period, after the formation of Madhabs and the closing of the gate of ijtihad” refer to?

A. Maftuhin, The Historiography of Islamic Law: The Case of Tarikh al-Tashri' Literature, Al-Jāmi‘ah: J. Islamic Studies, 2016 (URL), writes: Islamic law used to be powerful, and now it suffered a ...
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Who went around the Kabah naked before Prophet Muhammad forbade it?

I was reading the Qur'an (in English) and stumbled upon this: And when they commit a Fahisha (evil deed, going round the Kabah in naked state, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.), they ...
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Which Sahaba were Jews and Christians before they became Muslim?

The Prophet had non-Arab Companions which converted to Islam. As they were non-Arab, their first religion wouldn't have been Arabian paganism, but something like Judaism or Christianity with the ...
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Is it likely that the sana'a manuscript was an accepted reading of the Quran?

My question is a bit broad and opinion based so I think I first have to add some of my research and analyzes in order for you to answer. I am not looking for an absolute answer, but more a "good guess"...
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Did ulama actively oppose the caliphate's expansionism?

Wikipedia has a decent overview over early conquests of the Islamic empire. The expansion seems to have been one of the most rapid in history. I'm not aware of any Muslim scholar who opposed the ...
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Did Muhammad bin idrees ash shafaee make such a statement?

Did ash shafaee say imam layth bin saad is better imam than imam malik? If imam layth bin saad is better than imam malik why don't we have laythi school of jurisprudence?
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What are the sources of slavery?

Muslims could buy/trade slaves that were prisoners of war. But with non-Muslims who may have captured leaves by other means, were they allowed to buy these slaves that were captured as free people but ...
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What circumstances are concubines allowed these days?

Concubines used to exist commonly before. Under what circumstances would they be allowed today?
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Were Muslims allowed to buy slaves?

I know Muslims were allowed to keep captives of war, and although this is hypothetical, were they allowed to buy slaves from other people (i.e. non-Muslims whose slaves were from other sources) or was ...
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Was there an Islamically sanctioned reason for Aisha, the prophet's wife, to revolt against the election of Ali ibn Abu Talib for caliph by the Ummah? [duplicate]

Was her motive purely political, or was their an Islamically sanctioned reason? The moderators said this question was a duplicate and referred to a link that had 4 detailed answers. Most of the ...
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Was Ali ibn Abu Talib elected as caliph by the Umma

After Othman ibn Affan, the 3rd caliph, was assassinated, did the ummah elect Ali ibn Abu Talib, the prophet's cousin and son in law, to be the next caliph in an election?
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How the wives of Nabi SAW used to call for him?

I wanted to know to know how the wives of Nabi SAW used to call upon him, I mean the title they were using, like we they calling using his name, "Muhammad" ?
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Is there a book that presents the surahs of the Quran in chronological order with full description

Not being fluent in Arabic, I have to rely on English translations and latin transliterations for trying to understand and pronounce the Quran. I think alot of mine and other people's questions about ...
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Did the Prophet and his wives get into squabbles?

In my experience, spending enough time with someone inevitably leads to disagreements, and even squabbles ("a noisy quarrel about something petty or trivial"). The Prophet Muhammad had eleven (and ...
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Does the Hanbali school of thought accept qiyas despite Ibn Hanbal rejecting it, and if so why?

Analogical reasoning (Qiyas), was likewise rejected as a valid source of law by Ibn Hanbal himself, with a near-unanimous majority of later Hanbalite jurists not only accepting analogical reasoning as ...
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Who were sentenced to death during the conquest of Mecca?

We know that despite declaring a general indemnity, a few individuals of the Mecca were sentenced to death by the Prophet, even if they were found under the veil of Kaba. My question is: The source ...
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Authenticity of story of Umar ibn al Khattab allowing Christian to beat his head with whip?

I would like to know the authenticity and source of a long story apparently narrated by Anas ibn Malik, about a Coptic Christian being wronged by the son of a Governor of Egypt during the reign of ...
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586 views

What did Prophet Muhammad mean by “knowledge” in “acquire knowledge, for surely it leads to fear of Allah”?

When the Prophet (P.B.U.H) gave his speech on the importance of knowledge: Acquire knowledge, for surely it leads to fear of Allah. Seeking it is an act of worship ('ibadah); studying it is ...
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963 views

Should Muslims study other cultures/religions in order to seek knowledge?

Islam has given great importance to the process of seeking knowledge. We (Muslims) believe that non muslims seeking knowledge is very important, as it is the key element to find and follow the right ...
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Is (or was) there a school of Islam that accepts both Sunni and Shia hadiths?

I am asking if such a movement ever appeared, that would consider as authentic a hadith if it is considered authentic by either Sunni or Shia Muslims. In other words, the set of hadiths they consider ...
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Does the Treaty of Najran have any modern-day applicability?

This question is related to the paper: The Prophet’s Treaty with the Christians of Najran: An Analytical Study to Determine the Authenticity of the Covenants, Ahmed El-Wakil, Journal of Islamic ...
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647 views

What is the most reliable book of Seerah (biography) of Muhammad? [closed]

There are many Seerah biography books written of the life and times of Prophet Muhammad (s), and history of early Islam. Such as al-Tabari, ibn Ishaq ibn Kathir, ibn Sa'd, al Waqidi etc. But my ...
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Are there any transmitted books written by female scholars?

Note: Maybe my question is too broad, but I hope for constructive comments to focus it more, but as I'm not aware of any "known" books of female scholars I'll keep it somehow open for the first draft! ...
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Did Muhammad write a book about a camel going to heaven?

From a question a Christianity.SE, How did St John of Damascus view Islam?, we have the following snippet: The writing of St. John of Damascus basically runs like this: ... 6. He proceeds to make ...
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263 views

Was whether or not women have souls in debate prior to Islam?

I've seen this claim repeatedly: The lives of the people who responded to the Quran have changed drastically. It had a tremendous impact on so many people, especially women, since this was the first ...
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Did women create a space between their teeth to look beautiful in the Prophet's time?

Regarding the hadith: Allah has cursed those women who practise tattooing and those who get themselves tattooed, and those who remove their face hairs, and those who create a space between their ...
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When did converts to Islam start being called “reverts”?

I've seen a few related explanations behind the motivation behind using the word "revert" to mean "convert", e.g., ...we are all born as Muslims; ...children are born with an ...
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When was the Quran (that is written in French language) written for the first time? [closed]

I read in a introduction to the Coran I took at Ste-Foy public library, in the province of Quebec, in Canada, that it was not written for 200 years; after it was written on "banana leafs" and after on ...
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Is Islam the oldest religion?

I walked past a group preaching Islam on the street the other day and something they said piqued my interest. They were repeatedly describing Islam is the 'oldest' religion. I wanted to know more, ...
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Are there any tenets of Sunni Islam that started out as a revolutionary idea that were resisted by the majority Sunni consensus at the time?

This Q came up as I learnt about Sheikh Mustapha Rashid’s fatwa about hijab not being compulsory going against current Sunni consensus. Since Ijma is a core Sunni principle, I wonder if there is any ...
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What is the source of the narration of Uthman ibn Affan letting his slave tweak his ear in retaliation, and is it authentic?

روى أن عثمان بن عفان رضي الله عنه دَعَك أُذُن عَبْدٍ له على ذنب فعله ، ثم قال له بعد ذلك : تقدم واقرص أذني ، فامتنع العبد فألح عليه ، فبدأ يقرص بخفة ، فقال له : اقرص جيداً ، فإني لا أتحمل عذاب يوم ...
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Did Muslim women possess male slaves as their right hand?

'What their right hand possess' is a phrase used a number of times in the Holy Quran. Does it refer only to the female slaves that the men had? Did the women not possess any male slaves? If they did ...
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Why can't our Sunni brothers agree to the curse of Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan

"And whoever kills a believer intentionally, his recompense shall be hell, he shall abide therein and God’s wrath shall be on him and his curse, and is prepared for him a great torment” (...
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Where did the -unmarried- daughters of the Prophet (peace be upon him) stay after the death of their mother Khadija (May Allah be pleased with her)?

Maybe I have missed somthing in our history so I hope to be remained: I'd like to know what was the home at which the daughters of the Prophet (peace be upon him) like Fatima (May Allah be pleased ...
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887 views

Can we demonstrate that the Quran is perfectly preserved? [closed]

I want you guys to prove it to me that the Quran is perfectly preserved. When I say this, I mean I want you to prove it to me that there is an absolute 0% chance that any verse/surah was removed, lost,...
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781 views

Why did Abu bakr divourced his wife Kabila, the mother of Asma and Abdullah ibn Omar his wife?

It was said in the Torah, that one may divorce his wife handing her a letter of Divorce, But what was the practice among the Arabs before and after Prophet Muhammad?
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What was the earliest Hadith Book / Collection to be recorded?

What was the earliest Hadith Book / Collection to be recorded? I heard it was Muwatta Malik?
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Why the Jewish Pesach or Passover and the Islamic 'Ashura' don't fall on the same day?

As far as I know the Jewish calendar is (or was) a lunar calendar as our Islamic calendar. And among Muslims the hadith of ibn 'Abbas saying that Jews in Medina used to fast the 10th of Muharram is ...
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When calculating moon phases and prayer times found acceptance among the scholars?

After posting the question Are questions on the historical inauguration of some "utilities" or "methods" on topic? on meta I finally decided to ask ask it here: I'm pretty sure ...
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Sahaba who married Christians and Jews

I wanted to know about the Sahabas who married christians and jews and whose wives did not accept Islam even after the marriage, for e.g. Muawiya I had one wife who was a jacobit christian, though i ...
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Why did Muhammad (s.a.w.) wear a cloak in surah 74 (al-Muddaththir)? Out of fear of his first encounter with the Angel Jibreel?

In surah 74, we read that the Prophet Mohammad (s.a.w.) asked his wife Khadija to cover him in a cloak repeatedly after he heard the words of the Angel Jibreel telling him to "Recite!" Did he ask to ...
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Why did the women in Sura 12.30-31 cut their hands when they saw how “beautiful” Joseph was?

I'm reading Sura 12, the narrative on Joseph's life, and I don't think I quite understand the historical context for why the women at the banquet cut their hands with a knife when they saw how ...
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Which of the prophets and messengers are known to have drunk alcohol (if any)?

Drinking alcohol is haram: They ask you about wine and gambling. Say, "In them is great sin and [yet, some] benefit for people. But their sin is greater than their benefit." And they ask ...
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239 views

How does the Qur'an (and its commentators) explain the miraculous birth of Isa? Who is Isa's father?

I'm reading Sura 19, Maryam, and while I've always been familiar of the birth narrative of Isa, I never pondered how the Qur'an reconciles the immaculate conception of Maryam & miraculous birth of ...
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Whom did the Prophet divorce?

In the tafsir of ibn 'Ashur (التحرير والتنوير) of verse 33:6 I found a quote saying that our Prophet divorced a woman from Kindah before consuming the marriage. My question is did he divorce any ...
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At what age did Mohammed(PBUH) passed away?

At what age did Mohammed(PBUH) passed away ? According to hadith literature it vary between 60 , 63 and 65. Which is the correct age at which Prophet passed away? Age of 60 Bukhari Volume 7, Book ...
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In what ways did Muhammad's teachings improve the status of women?

A friend of mine has claimed that, historically, Islam and its prophet Muhammad's statements have improved the status of women compared to the earlier social or religious systems that they replaced. ...
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Status of al Waqidi as a narrator?

I know there is a lot of criticism for Al-Waqidi by the scholars and muhadditheen (scholars of hadith). They accuse him of being a liar and unreliable. But some scholars say he is trustworthy, such as ...
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Is the real name of Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) Quthem? Is Abu Kabsha another name?

I heard a scholar in Tunisa on YouTube say our beloved prophet Muhammad (saw) real name Quthem?! Also Abu Kabsha another name?! Is there any truth to this claim from any historical reliable sources?!

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