Questions tagged [history]

History pertaining to Islam, it's origin, spreading of Islam and others.

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What is behind the statement “Where it not 'Iyad the Maghrib would be unknown”?

There's a famous quote around al-Qadi 'Iyad القاضي عياض بن موسى, which is often mentioned: لولا عياض لما عُرف المغرب or لولا عياض ما عرف المغرب Which one may translate: Where it not 'Iyad the ...
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How did 'Abdullah know that Muhammad answered the questions correctly?

In Sahih Bukhari 5:55:546, it's noticed that 'Abdullah bin Salam asks a series of questions he mentions only a prophet knows the answers to, the answers are answered and he recognizes Muhammad as the ...
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Earliest record of opposition towards Mawlid

As far as I've researched, the earliest record of yearly Mawlid of Nabi SAW (between 12-17 Rabi Ul Awwal) is during the 1100s initiated by the fatimids [1]. What I want to know is when they started ...
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Is idol destruction a form of religious intolerance?

I am writing an essay in which I have to tackle a very hard question which is "Why did Holy Prophet (PBUH) destroy the idols upon conquest of Mecca. Isn't this a form of religious intolerance and goes ...
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Did the Prophet pay spoils of war to Meccan leaders to gain their support?

Jonathan AC Brown, in his book "Misquoting Muhammad" mentions (p 97) that the Prophet distributed much of the spoils of war to Meccan elite in order to win their trust. He doesn't mention a source for ...
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Was Mary the Copt married or a concubine to Prophet Muhammad (saw)?

I would like know the status of Mary the Copt was she a concubine or did she marry and become one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad (saw)? There seems to be conflicting views about this and I would ...
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How Al-Khidr knew what the will of Allah is

What Al-Khidr did was clearly out of the line. Musa (pbuh) did not agree with him probably because he was acting against Shariah. So, how were Al-Khidr's actions justified? Was he a prophet and got ...
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Was the Prophet known to engage in any artistic pursuits?

Many artistic pursuits have been declared haram according to some scholar somewhere, e.g., music, drawing. I'm wondering if there's any that would be established as halal, by being engaged in by the ...
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Age of Khadijah

I've often heard it claimed that Khadijah was much older than Muhammad. To my surprise, I read recently that apparently there is some dispute about this, and she may have been just 2-3 years older ...
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Where did the Imam stand for leading congregation prayer in the masjid al-Haram (in the early days of Islam)?

As we know because of the tawaf and the fact that the Kaaba which is in the midlle of the mosque is our prayer direction, it is impossible to lead and pray in one single direction in the masjid al-...
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When did Noah live?

I understand that it is understood that Noah was one of the earliest Prophets. He is particullarly famous for the contraversal flood event. That he lived at least 950 years. My question is; When did ...
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What was the justification for attacking or fighting the Persians in 'Iraq by the Caliphs Abu bakr and 'Omar?

I mean fighting for the ridda wars at least seems obvious. People have refused to pay Zakat and became against the Muslim rulers by for example following the false prophets like Musailimah and Sajjah....
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Are there any documented sermons by Prophet Muhammad other than the last sermon?

Are there any documented sermons by Prophet Muhammad SAW other than the last sermon? Preferably full-sermons like khutbah of the Friday prayer or Eid Prayer and not snippets/gist of the khutbah.
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Could someone during the time of the Prophet have declared something haram or halal without a basis in the Qur'an nor Sunnah?

Without specific definition in Quran, or Muḥammad (saws) direct comment or guideline (like hadith), can his companions or other tabi'un forbid or allow something, in regard to halal and haram in Islam?...
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Why did people call Islam 'Muhammadanism' when it clearly states in the Qu'ran that Islam is the name of the religion?

Quran 3:85 states: وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الْإِسْلَامِ دِينًا فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ This translates into: And whoever desires other than Islam as ...
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Does Aisha witnessing her father's migration to Abyssinia imply she could not have consummated her marriage at age 9?

In How old was Aisha when she married the Prophet (s)?, Dr. Jasser Auda◊ writes about ahadith describing Aisha's age of consummation: ... Unexpectedly Allah's Apostle came to me in the forenoon and ...
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What does the “Taqlid Period, after the formation of Madhabs and the closing of the gate of ijtihad” refer to?

A. Maftuhin, The Historiography of Islamic Law: The Case of Tarikh al-Tashri' Literature, Al-Jāmi‘ah: J. Islamic Studies, 2016 (URL), writes: Islamic law used to be powerful, and now it suffered a ...
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Who went around the Kabah naked before Prophet Muhammad forbade it?

I was reading the Qur'an (in English) and stumbled upon this: And when they commit a Fahisha (evil deed, going round the Kabah in naked state, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.), they ...
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Which Sahaba were Jews and Christians before they became Muslim?

The Prophet had non-Arab Companions which converted to Islam. As they were non-Arab, their first religion wouldn't have been Arabian paganism, but something like Judaism or Christianity with the ...
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Is it likely that the sana'a manuscript was an accepted reading of the Quran?

My question is a bit broad and opinion based so I think I first have to add some of my research and analyzes in order for you to answer. I am not looking for an absolute answer, but more a "good guess"...
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Did ulama actively oppose the caliphate's expansionism?

Wikipedia has a decent overview over early conquests of the Islamic empire. The expansion seems to have been one of the most rapid in history. I'm not aware of any Muslim scholar who opposed the ...
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Did Muhammad bin idrees ash shafaee make such a statement?

Did ash shafaee say imam layth bin saad is better imam than imam malik? If imam layth bin saad is better than imam malik why don't we have laythi school of jurisprudence?
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What are the sources of slavery?

Muslims could buy/trade slaves that were prisoners of war. But with non-Muslims who may have captured leaves by other means, were they allowed to buy these slaves that were captured as free people but ...
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What circumstances are concubines allowed these days?

Concubines used to exist commonly before. Under what circumstances would they be allowed today?
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Were Muslims allowed to buy slaves?

I know Muslims were allowed to keep captives of war, and although this is hypothetical, were they allowed to buy slaves from other people (i.e. non-Muslims whose slaves were from other sources) or was ...
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Was there an Islamically sanctioned reason for Aisha, the prophet's wife, to revolt against the election of Ali ibn Abu Talib for caliph by the Ummah? [duplicate]

Was her motive purely political, or was their an Islamically sanctioned reason? The moderators said this question was a duplicate and referred to a link that had 4 detailed answers. Most of the ...
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Was Ali ibn Abu Talib elected as caliph by the Umma

After Othman ibn Affan, the 3rd caliph, was assassinated, did the ummah elect Ali ibn Abu Talib, the prophet's cousin and son in law, to be the next caliph in an election?
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How the wives of Nabi SAW used to call for him?

I wanted to know to know how the wives of Nabi SAW used to call upon him, I mean the title they were using, like we they calling using his name, "Muhammad" ?
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Is there a book that presents the surahs of the Quran in chronological order with full description

Not being fluent in Arabic, I have to rely on English translations and latin transliterations for trying to understand and pronounce the Quran. I think alot of mine and other people's questions about ...
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Did the Prophet and his wives get into squabbles?

In my experience, spending enough time with someone inevitably leads to disagreements, and even squabbles ("a noisy quarrel about something petty or trivial"). The Prophet Muhammad had eleven (and ...
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Does the Hanbali school of thought accept qiyas despite Ibn Hanbal rejecting it, and if so why?

Analogical reasoning (Qiyas), was likewise rejected as a valid source of law by Ibn Hanbal himself, with a near-unanimous majority of later Hanbalite jurists not only accepting analogical reasoning as ...
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Who were sentenced to death during the conquest of Mecca?

We know that despite declaring a general indemnity, a few individuals of the Mecca were sentenced to death by the Prophet, even if they were found under the veil of Kaba. My question is: The source ...
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Authenticity of story of Umar ibn al Khattab allowing Christian to beat his head with whip?

I would like to know the authenticity and source of a long story apparently narrated by Anas ibn Malik, about a Coptic Christian being wronged by the son of a Governor of Egypt during the reign of ...
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What did Prophet Muhammad mean by “knowledge” in “acquire knowledge, for surely it leads to fear of Allah”?

When the Prophet (P.B.U.H) gave his speech on the importance of knowledge: Acquire knowledge, for surely it leads to fear of Allah. Seeking it is an act of worship ('ibadah); studying it is ...
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Should Muslims study other cultures/religions in order to seek knowledge?

Islam has given great importance to the process of seeking knowledge. We (Muslims) believe that non muslims seeking knowledge is very important, as it is the key element to find and follow the right ...
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Is (or was) there a school of Islam that accepts both Sunni and Shia hadiths?

I am asking if such a movement ever appeared, that would consider as authentic a hadith if it is considered authentic by either Sunni or Shia Muslims. In other words, the set of hadiths they consider ...
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Does the Treaty of Najran have any modern-day applicability?

This question is related to the paper: The Prophet’s Treaty with the Christians of Najran: An Analytical Study to Determine the Authenticity of the Covenants, Ahmed El-Wakil, Journal of Islamic ...
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What is the most reliable book of Seerah (biography) of Muhammad? [closed]

There are many Seerah biography books written of the life and times of Prophet Muhammad (s), and history of early Islam. Such as al-Tabari, ibn Ishaq ibn Kathir, ibn Sa'd, al Waqidi etc. But my ...
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Are there any books written by female scholars?

Note: Maybe my question is too broad, but I hope for constructive comments to focus it more, but as I'm not aware of any "known" books of female scholars I'll keep it somehow open for the first draft! ...
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Did Muhammad write a book about a camel going to heaven?

From a question a Christianity.SE, How did St John of Damascus view Islam?, we have the following snippet: The writing of St. John of Damascus basically runs like this: ... 6. He proceeds to make ...
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Why do we have different “-isms” when we have one Allah? [closed]

There are many versions of the story about Islam. I'm aware history may be vague, and likewise for wiki, portals, imams, and stories from old men. We have one prophet Muhammad, shahih hadith, a Qur’...
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Was whether or not women have souls in debate prior to Islam?

I've seen this claim repeatedly: The lives of the people who responded to the Quran have changed drastically. It had a tremendous impact on so many people, especially women, since this was the ...
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Did women create a space between their teeth to look beautiful in the Prophet's time?

Regarding the hadith: Allah has cursed those women who practise tattooing and those who get themselves tattooed, and those who remove their face hairs, and those who create a space between their ...
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When did converts to Islam start being called “reverts”?

I've seen a few related explanations behind the motivation behind using the word "revert" to mean "convert", e.g., ...we are all born as Muslims; ...children are born with an innate sense of ...
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When was the Quran (that is written in French language) written for the first time? [closed]

I read in a introduction to the Coran I took at Ste-Foy public library, in the province of Quebec, in Canada, that it was not written for 200 years; after it was written on "banana leafs" and after on ...
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Is Islam the oldest religion?

I walked past a group preaching Islam on the street the other day and something they said piqued my interest. They were repeatedly describing Islam is the 'oldest' religion. I wanted to know more, ...
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Are there any tenets of Sunni Islam that started out as a revolutionary idea that were resisted by the majority Sunni consensus at the time?

This Q came up as I learnt about Sheikh Mustapha Rashid’s fatwa about hijab not being compulsory going against current Sunni consensus. Since Ijma is a core Sunni principle, I wonder if there is any ...
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What is the source of the narration of Uthman ibn Affan letting his slave tweak his ear in retaliation, and is it authentic?

روى أن عثمان بن عفان رضي الله عنه دَعَك أُذُن عَبْدٍ له على ذنب فعله ، ثم قال له بعد ذلك : تقدم واقرص أذني ، فامتنع العبد فألح عليه ، فبدأ يقرص بخفة ، فقال له : اقرص جيداً ، فإني لا أتحمل عذاب يوم ...
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Did Muslim women possess male slaves as their right hand?

'What their right hand possess' is a phrase used a number of times in the Holy Quran. Does it refer only to the female slaves that the men had? Did the women not possess any male slaves? If they did ...
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Why can't our Sunni brothers agree to the curse of Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan

"And whoever kills a believer intentionally, his recompense shall be hell, he shall abide therein and God’s wrath shall be on him and his curse, and is prepared for him a great torment” (...