Questions tagged [history]

History pertaining to Islam, it's origin, spreading of Islam and others.

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1answer
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Why did people call Islam 'Muhammadanism' when it clearly states in the Qu'ran that Islam is the name of the religion?

Quran 3:85 states: وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الْإِسْلَامِ دِينًا فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ This translates into: And whoever desires other than Islam as ...
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Does Aisha witnessing her father's migration to Abyssinia imply she could not have consummated her marriage at age 9?

In How old was Aisha when she married the Prophet (s)?, Dr. Jasser Auda◊ writes about ahadith describing Aisha's age of consummation: ... Unexpectedly Allah's Apostle came to me in the forenoon and ...
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What does the “Taqlid Period, after the formation of Madhabs and the closing of the gate of ijtihad” refer to?

A. Maftuhin, The Historiography of Islamic Law: The Case of Tarikh al-Tashri' Literature, Al-Jāmi‘ah: J. Islamic Studies, 2016 (URL), writes: Islamic law used to be powerful, and now it suffered a ...
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Who went around the Kabah naked before Prophet Muhammad forbade it?

I was reading the Qur'an (in English) and stumbled upon this: And when they commit a Fahisha (evil deed, going round the Kabah in naked state, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.), they ...
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Confusion in regards the spread of Islam!

I have been doing some research in regards to how Islam was spread, which has left me confused on one point. In summary, some sources suggest that Islam has only been spread in scenarios of self ...
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Is Prophet Muhammed(PBUH) part of Ibrahims(PBUH)'s family?

One of my Christian friend and I were discussing about Islam and Christianity. I am not well versed with Prophets and their history. He told me that in the Bible, it is said that the descendants of ...
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Whom among the Sahaba led prayers during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)

During the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah () there have already been a lot of mosques and situations where some Sahaba () had to lead the prayers in congregation in the Masjid an-Nabawi in Medina ...
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Can we demonstrate that the Quran is perfectly preserved? [closed]

I want you guys to prove it to me that the Quran is perfectly preserved. When I say this, I mean I want you to prove it to me that there is an absolute 0% chance that any verse/surah was removed, lost,...
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Are there any books written by female scholars?

Note: Maybe my question is too broad, but I hope for constructive comments to focus it more, but as I'm not aware of any "known" books of female scholars I'll keep it somehow open for the first draft! ...
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What is the origin of the Ja'fari Madhab (School of Jurisprudence)?

As is known, Ja'far Sadiq (جعفر الصادق) is one of the imams/scholars and Faqeehs of the Aalul Bait, and a number of scholars took from him like Malik and Abu Hanifah and others. But like many of the ...
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Sahaba who married Christians and Jews

I wanted to know about the Sahabas who married christians and jews and whose wives did not accept Islam even after the marriage, for e.g. Muawiya I had one wife who was a jacobit christian, though i ...
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About Namaz direction in Masjide Aqsa

In al-Masjid al-Aqsa towards which direction for Namaz was used before the Kaaba in Mekka.
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Does the Treaty of Najran have any modern-day applicability?

This question is related to the paper: The Prophet’s Treaty with the Christians of Najran: An Analytical Study to Determine the Authenticity of the Covenants, Ahmed El-Wakil, Journal of Islamic ...
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Did Muslim women possess male slaves as their right hand?

'What their right hand possess' is a phrase used a number of times in the Holy Quran. Does it refer only to the female slaves that the men had? Did the women not possess any male slaves? If they did ...
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What are the sources of slavery?

Muslims could buy/trade slaves that were prisoners of war. But with non-Muslims who may have captured leaves by other means, were they allowed to buy these slaves that were captured as free people but ...
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What circumstances are concubines allowed these days?

Concubines used to exist commonly before. Under what circumstances would they be allowed today?
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Which festival is mentioned in Quran 20:59 as appointment of Pharaoh and Moses?

You will see in chapter=20 verse=59 a day called یوم الزینة mentioned in Qur'an: قَالَ مَوْعِدُكُمْ يَوْمُ الزِّينَةِ وَأَن يُحْشَرَ النَّاسُ ضُحًى [Moses] said, "Your appointment is on the ...
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What did Prophet Muhammad mean by “knowledge” in “acquire knowledge, for surely it leads to fear of Allah”?

When the Prophet (P.B.U.H) gave his speech on the importance of knowledge: Acquire knowledge, for surely it leads to fear of Allah. Seeking it is an act of worship ('ibadah); studying it is ...
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Was there an Islamically sanctioned reason for Aisha, the prophet's wife, to revolt against the election of Ali ibn Abu Talib for caliph by the Ummah? [duplicate]

Was her motive purely political, or was their an Islamically sanctioned reason? The moderators said this question was a duplicate and referred to a link that had 4 detailed answers. Most of the ...
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Did prophet Muhammad live a simple and humble life who had limited means?

We have been taught in schools that the Prophet lived a very simple and humble life. That is he hardly have enough food at home so that it would not last for the day. He would have patches in his ...
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Does Islam support pedophilia or child marriages?

Everyone know that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) married Ayesha (RA) when she was 6 and consummated when she was 9. So, does it mean Islam supports child marriages? If at all muslims consider ...
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Do these accounts of military offensives under Abu Bakr align with Muslim historical scholarship?

I must make it absolutely clear that I am not passing judgment, and I am not seeking explanations or justifications. I am not interested in whether the Rashidun military offensives were right or wrong....
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How the wives of Nabi SAW used to call for him?

I wanted to know to know how the wives of Nabi SAW used to call upon him, I mean the title they were using, like we they calling using his name, "Muhammad" ?
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Did the Prophet and his wives get into squabbles?

In my experience, spending enough time with someone inevitably leads to disagreements, and even squabbles ("a noisy quarrel about something petty or trivial"). The Prophet Muhammad had eleven (and ...
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Does the Hanbali school of thought accept qiyas despite Ibn Hanbal rejecting it, and if so why?

Analogical reasoning (Qiyas), was likewise rejected as a valid source of law by Ibn Hanbal himself, with a near-unanimous majority of later Hanbalite jurists not only accepting analogical reasoning as ...
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Did Muslims behead males of Banu Qurayza?

I read somewhere that Muslims beheaded 400-900 males of Banu Qurayza after they were defeated in war. Is there any reliable reference supporting this claim? Update: This incident is allegedly ...
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How does Allah preserve his revelations throughout human history?

Allāh declares in Qur'an 6:114-115; 18:27 that none — hence no human can alter his words as revealed through successive Prophets. Most surely Allāh makes provisions for preventing the ...
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Where does it come from that Khadija (RA) was 40 years old when she married the prophet?

This wiki answer mentions, that Khadija (RA) the business women and first wife of the prophet could be 28 years old, not 40 at the time of her marriage with the prophet if you google for "The Sons ...
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What is the Islamic interpretation of Jesus? [duplicate]

I read in an article that Muslims believe and recognize Jesus as a holy, or at least historical figure. That got me curious, what is the historical significance of Jesus in the Islamic faith? How does ...
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The book of Al-Bidayah wan nihayah By Ibn Kathir?

Salaam Alaikum The book of Al-Bidayah wan nihayah "The beginning and the end" is this book authentic does it have weak narrations?
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To what extent can Shura (consultation of Muslims) be used for selecting Caliph?

Shura (mutual consultation) is clearly prescribed in the Qur'an, as follows: وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَىٰ بَيْنَهُمْ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ ...
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Did Ibn Tayyimia Order Jihad against the druze, alavites and Shiites?

This Wiki articles claims of a fatwa by Shaikh Ibn Tayyimmia on obligation of Jihad against Druze, Shiites and other claimed heretical sects. What is the source of the fatwa , can anyone quote the ...
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Was a registry of Muslims maintained in past?

It is required in Islam to pay the zakat and other obligations towards the leader of the Muslims, for this a registry of Muslims is essential was such a registry maintained by the Muslims of the time? ...
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Authenticity of story of Umar ibn al Khattab allowing Christian to beat his head with whip?

I would like to know the authenticity and source of a long story apparently narrated by Anas ibn Malik, about a Coptic Christian being wronged by the son of a Governor of Egypt during the reign of ...
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How come the Prophet's father name is “Abdu ellah”?

The prophet came to the world in a society that used to believe in many fake gods, and especially not in the great God. The Prophet's father name is Abdu Allah which the translation to English is ...
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When was the date of the appointment of Mohammad as prophet?

I was wondering about the date of the appointment of Prophet Mohammad (His prophetic mission). Do you know when its date is? Both Sunni and Shia view welcomed. I'd be grateful if you present some ...
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How did the split of Shiites and Sunnis go from political to theological? [duplicate]

Based on what I heard, and from what I read (none from Shiite sources), the Sunnis and Shiites split because they differed on views about who will rule the Muslims. How did it escalate from just ...
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What is the most reliable book of Seerah (biography) of Muhammad? [closed]

There are many Seerah biography books written of the life and times of Prophet Muhammad (s), and history of early Islam. Such as al-Tabari, ibn Ishaq ibn Kathir, ibn Sa'd, al Waqidi etc. But my ...
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Who are the parents of Umm al Baneen?

Who are the parents of Umm al Baneen (Fatima al Kalabiya), the wife of Ali Ibn Abi Talib and mother of Abbas and three other sons? I couldn't find any information about her parents, except that her ...
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Where is the grave of Prophet Muhammad’s father?

I would like to know the exact location of where Prophet Muhammad's (Peace and blessings be upon him) father was buried? Where is his grave?
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Do any historical documents exits in regards to ذوالقرنین / Zulqarnayn?

There is an interesting fully metaphoric story about a one named "ذوالقرنین/Zulqarnayn/Two-Eyes Owner" in Quran. [18:83] I would like to know what does God mean about each metaphor in the story; so ...
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Where are the master copies of the Quran kept?

According to Muslims, the Quran has never been altered by humans down the centuries and is today what it was when first narrated to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. For this to be true requires a master ...
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Was Abdul Mutalib Muslim?

Was the grandfather of Rasolullah, Abdul Mutalib, Muslim? I couldn't find much about him, maybe I'm missing some narrations.
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What is the difference between Wahhabism and Salafism?

What is the difference between Salafism and Wahhabism? (As I know they are different from Sunnis. So what is their opinions?)
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Did Muhammad write a book about a camel going to heaven?

From a question a Christianity.SE, How did St John of Damascus view Islam?, we have the following snippet: The writing of St. John of Damascus basically runs like this: ... 6. He proceeds to make ...
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Were there any other religions before Islam that their followers should convert to Islam? [closed]

You could imagine that with the advent of a new religion, any followers of the last religion would be required to convert to the new religion. Which followers of which religion converted to Islam, ...
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Was whether or not women have souls in debate prior to Islam?

I've seen this claim repeatedly: The lives of the people who responded to the Quran have changed drastically. It had a tremendous impact on so many people, especially women, since this was the ...
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What exactly were the problems Muhammad experienced due to being an orphan?

The biographies of Muhammad that I am reading talk only generally about it being problematic to be an orphan. They mention very few specifics. There seems to have been a stigma about orphans, but the ...
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Who was the Prophet's first wife?

I have some questions about the first wife of the Prophet. My questions are: What was her name? How did the prophet come to know her? How old was she? Who was her father? Who was her mother? But, ...
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Relation between the Ahl Bayt and Ahlu Sunnah in the early days

How was the relationship between the Ahl-Bayt, particuarly the Imams from Ahlul Bayt or the top authority with the Ahl-Sunnah and those popular among them. Was it hostile, normal or friendly? The ...