Questions tagged [history]

History pertaining to Islam, it's origin, spreading of Islam and others.

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6
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1answer
9k views

Why did Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) order the killing of Ka'b bin Al-Ashraf?

This question is inspired by this question: How should insults to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) be handled? Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: The Prophet said, "Who is ready to kill Ka'b bin Al-...
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1answer
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What is the reason for praying 20 rakaats in taraweeh?

It is clear that our prophet(PBUH) prayed 8 rakaats for taraweeh. But, I saw most of the masjids having 20 rakaats for taraweeh. since, Umar(R.A) made the taraweeh to 20 rakaats. What is the reason ...
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1answer
943 views

Is castration permitted in Islam

I know that in the Ottoman Caliphet, the janissaries were castrated, so was castration permitted according to Sharia Law
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2answers
358 views

Did Prophet Muhammad really believe what he said is the word of God?

I want to make a disclaimer first. I am not a follower of Islam or any other religion for that matter. I like to maintain a neutral perspective. I've been reading this book No God but God by Reza ...
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2answers
26k views

Did Prophet Mohammed Kill Anyone in a battle?

Everyone knows Prophet Mohammed fought in battles. But did the Prophet Mohammed kill anyone with his own hand? Please give proper references, thanks.
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1answer
340 views

What did Mushrikeen think about who built the Kaaba?

The monotheists in Mecca always believed that the Kaaba was built by Prophet Ibrahim (a.). But what about the polytheists (mushrikeen) in the time of prophet Muhammad (s.) and shortly before him? ...
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2answers
326 views

Is idol destruction a form of religious intolerance?

I am writing an essay in which I have to tackle a very hard question which is "Why did Holy Prophet (PBUH) destroy the idols upon conquest of Mecca. Isn't this a form of religious intolerance and goes ...
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2answers
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Is Islam the oldest religion?

I walked past a group preaching Islam on the street the other day and something they said piqued my interest. They were repeatedly describing Islam is the 'oldest' religion. I wanted to know more, ...
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1answer
136 views

Is there a book that presents the surahs of the Quran in chronological order with full description

Not being fluent in Arabic, I have to rely on English translations and latin transliterations for trying to understand and pronounce the Quran. I think alot of mine and other people's questions about ...
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2answers
463 views

Should Muslims study other cultures/religions in order to seek knowledge?

Islam has given great importance to the process of seeking knowledge. We (Muslims) believe that non muslims seeking knowledge is very important, as it is the key element to find and follow the right ...
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1answer
85 views

Did the Prophet pay spoils of war to Meccan leaders to gain their support?

Jonathan AC Brown, in his book "Misquoting Muhammad" mentions (p 97) that the Prophet distributed much of the spoils of war to Meccan elite in order to win their trust. He doesn't mention a source for ...
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1answer
176 views

Are there any documented sermons by Prophet Muhammad other than the last sermon?

Are there any documented sermons by Prophet Muhammad SAW other than the last sermon? Preferably full-sermons like khutbah of the Friday prayer or Eid Prayer and not snippets/gist of the khutbah.
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0answers
434 views

Was Mary the Copt married or a concubine to Prophet Muhammad (saw)?

I would like know the status of Mary the Copt was she a concubine or did she marry and become one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad (saw)? There seems to be conflicting views about this and I would ...
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1answer
651 views

Is it likely that the sana'a manuscript was an accepted reading of the Quran?

My question is a bit broad and opinion based so I think I first have to add some of my research and analyzes in order for you to answer. I am not looking for an absolute answer, but more a "good guess"...
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0answers
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When was the Quran (that is written in French language) written for the first time? [closed]

I read in a introduction to the Coran I took at Ste-Foy public library, in the province of Quebec, in Canada, that it was not written for 200 years; after it was written on "banana leafs" and after on ...
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2answers
1k views

Did women in Arabian peninsula have “Hijab” before Islam?

I searched about but didn't find my answer and even asked some clergymen but no result! I know in the other religions women wore hijab like Jews but as we know in Arabian peninsula most people were ...
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4answers
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Why did Umar (RA) forbid Mutah (temporary marriage) after the death of the prophet?

I heard that Umar(RA) forbid Mutah marriage after the death of the Prophet(PBUH) and Abu Baker. What were his reasons for doing so ? Looking for answers from Sunni authentic sources.
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2answers
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What is meant by the Kunya name of the Prophet?

Hadith 110, from Sahih al-Bukhari is narrated by Abu Hurraira; and he had said: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Name yourselves with my name (use my name) but do not name yourselves with my Kunya name (i.e. ...
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1answer
364 views

How has Twelver Shia evolved through the past 14 centuries, particularly during the Safavid era?

Derived from this Question and this Answer is a question about the history of the Twelver Shia branch of Islam. Would you please notify in short how did this branch evolved through the ages with focus ...
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5answers
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What are the origins of Shia and Sunni division?

Can anyone tell me about the origins of Shia and Sunni division? Why were two different groups of Muslims created? Allah didn't send us to live divided. No verse of Quran or Hadith suggest that as ...
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Who asked whom when The Prophet's daughter married Imam Ali (a.s).?

Is there any hadith to show which side first asked for marriage in the marriage of the daughter of The Prophet (SAWW) to Imam Ali (a.s.)?
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1answer
91 views

Was the Prophet known to engage in any artistic pursuits?

Many artistic pursuits have been declared haram according to some scholar somewhere, e.g., music, drawing. I'm wondering if there's any that would be established as halal, by being engaged in by the ...
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1answer
846 views

Did the Prophet(pbuh) marry his wife “Maymunah” after the revelation of Quran 33:52?

With the verse Quran 33:52, Muhammad(PBUH) was not allowed to take any new wives or change them for other wives. Not lawful to you, [O Muhammad], are [any additional] women after [this], nor [is ...
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2answers
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What did the prophet (PBUH) said to the bounty hunter who accepted Islam during Hijrah and what is his name?

During the hijrah of rasulullah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), he was with Abu Bakr in the cave while the mushrikeen sought him out. Unable to find him, they placed a significant bounty on his head. ...
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1answer
538 views

Why did Caliph Umar ban women from attending mosques?

From Gender segregation and Muslims, Wikipedia: The second caliph Umar also prohibited women from attending mosques especially at night because he feared they may be sexually harassed or assaulted ...
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3answers
311 views

Was alcohol permitted long ago, before Mohammad was born?

I have heard very long before, before Mohammad was born, alcohol was usual and was drunk by people. But after that it was stopped because people used to forget the rakat in namaz (salah/prayer) which ...
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1answer
7k views

How many wives did Hazrat Hassan (R.A) had?

I have heard rumors that Hassan (RA),grand child of the prophet, had over 100 wives (4 at a time though). I found this reference which talks about this claim too Some have reported 70 wives. Others ...
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4answers
275 views

Were pigs made haram because they were going to be extinct?

Unfortunately I cannot provide citation for this as I read it online years ago. But an Islamic scholar mentioned that his belief (I admired this scholar as he encouraged Muslims to learn and interpret ...
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0answers
104 views

Did ulama actively oppose the caliphate's expansionism?

Wikipedia has a decent overview over early conquests of the Islamic empire. The expansion seems to have been one of the most rapid in history. I'm not aware of any Muslim scholar who opposed the ...
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4answers
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When Uthman burn many versions of Quran, how do we know that the burned one are the “wrong” ones?

Uthman burned many Qur'ans (I wonder why this doesn't create many riots). Each of the Qur'ans burned were slightly different than his official version. Uthman, not wanting different opinions, then ...
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3answers
505 views

Are the Sunni madh'habs limited to 4?

Usually it is said that Sunni schools of fiqh are 4 (Hanbali, Shafi'i, Maliki, Hanafi). Is it true that some Sunni scholars like Abubakr, Ahmad and Bayhaqi had a higher level of knowledge than ...
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2answers
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Are Muslim woman and man considered equal?

I know this is an obvious question, but I usually find some stories bias. Please include resources to back-up your opinion. Ok taking a very basic example...women can't look at the moon. And we ...
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3answers
1k views

Was Mohammed a Christian?

When Islam was first founded there were some Christians who considered it to be a heresy. 1 It wasn't until Mohammed was 40 years old that he claimed he was visited by the angel Gabriel and received ...
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1answer
86 views

Could someone during the time of the Prophet have declared something haram or halal without a basis in the Qur'an nor Sunnah?

Without specific definition in Quran, or Muḥammad (saws) direct comment or guideline (like hadith), can his companions or other tabi'un forbid or allow something, in regard to halal and haram in Islam?...
4
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1answer
284 views

Were Muslims allowed to buy slaves?

I know Muslims were allowed to keep captives of war, and although this is hypothetical, were they allowed to buy slaves from other people (i.e. non-Muslims whose slaves were from other sources) or was ...
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1answer
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Which Sahaba were Jews and Christians before they became Muslim?

The Prophet had non-Arab Companions which converted to Islam. As they were non-Arab, their first religion wouldn't have been Arabian paganism, but something like Judaism or Christianity with the ...
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1answer
110 views

Why Masjid-e-Diraar been burnt?

I want to know that why Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) once actually ordered the Blessed Sahaabah to burn and demolish a Masjid (mosque) known as Masjid-e-Diraar?
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0answers
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What is the source of the narration of Uthman ibn Affan letting his slave tweak his ear in retaliation, and is it authentic?

روى أن عثمان بن عفان رضي الله عنه دَعَك أُذُن عَبْدٍ له على ذنب فعله ، ثم قال له بعد ذلك : تقدم واقرص أذني ، فامتنع العبد فألح عليه ، فبدأ يقرص بخفة ، فقال له : اقرص جيداً ، فإني لا أتحمل عذاب يوم ...
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3answers
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Who washed the Prophet's(PBUH) Janaza?

Who were the persons(sahabas)R.A washed the Prophet's(PBUH) Janasa(deadbody)? Who was the Imam for the funeral prayer of Prophet(PBUH)?
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1answer
191 views

Why did people call Islam 'Muhammadanism' when it clearly states in the Qu'ran that Islam is the name of the religion?

Quran 3:85 states: وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الْإِسْلَامِ دِينًا فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ This translates into: And whoever desires other than Islam as ...
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1answer
486 views

Does Aisha witnessing her father's migration to Abyssinia imply she could not have consummated her marriage at age 9?

In How old was Aisha when she married the Prophet (s)?, Dr. Jasser Auda◊ writes about ahadith describing Aisha's age of consummation: ... Unexpectedly Allah's Apostle came to me in the forenoon and ...
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1answer
232 views

What does the “Taqlid Period, after the formation of Madhabs and the closing of the gate of ijtihad” refer to?

A. Maftuhin, The Historiography of Islamic Law: The Case of Tarikh al-Tashri' Literature, Al-Jāmi‘ah: J. Islamic Studies, 2016 (URL), writes: Islamic law used to be powerful, and now it suffered a ...
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2answers
4k views

Who went around the Kabah naked before Prophet Muhammad forbade it?

I was reading the Qur'an (in English) and stumbled upon this: And when they commit a Fahisha (evil deed, going round the Kabah in naked state, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.), they ...
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3answers
335 views

Confusion in regards the spread of Islam!

I have been doing some research in regards to how Islam was spread, which has left me confused on one point. In summary, some sources suggest that Islam has only been spread in scenarios of self ...
3
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1answer
143 views

Is Prophet Muhammed(PBUH) part of Ibrahims(PBUH)'s family?

One of my Christian friend and I were discussing about Islam and Christianity. I am not well versed with Prophets and their history. He told me that in the Bible, it is said that the descendants of ...
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1answer
2k views

Whom among the Sahaba led prayers during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)

During the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah () there have already been a lot of mosques and situations where some Sahaba () had to lead the prayers in congregation in the Masjid an-Nabawi in Medina ...
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3answers
535 views

Can we demonstrate that the Quran is perfectly preserved? [closed]

I want you guys to prove it to me that the Quran is perfectly preserved. When I say this, I mean I want you to prove it to me that there is an absolute 0% chance that any verse/surah was removed, lost,...
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1answer
393 views

Are there any books written by female scholars?

Note: Maybe my question is too broad, but I hope for constructive comments to focus it more, but as I'm not aware of any "known" books of female scholars I'll keep it somehow open for the first draft! ...
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1answer
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What is the origin of the Ja'fari Madhab (School of Jurisprudence)?

As is known, Ja'far Sadiq (جعفر الصادق) is one of the imams/scholars and Faqeehs of the Aalul Bait, and a number of scholars took from him like Malik and Abu Hanifah and others. But like many of the ...
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1answer
1k views

Sahaba who married Christians and Jews

I wanted to know about the Sahabas who married christians and jews and whose wives did not accept Islam even after the marriage, for e.g. Muawiya I had one wife who was a jacobit christian, though i ...