Questions tagged [history]

History pertaining to Islam, it's origin, spreading of Islam and others.

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25
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4answers
33k views

Was Hazrat Ali (RA) born inside the kabba with the walls cracked?

I heard that Imam Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was born inside the Ka'bah, that is the walls cracked and he was delivered inside the kaabah. My question is what is the validity of this story ...
18
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5answers
7k views

What are the readings (qira'at) of Quran?

As far as I know there are more than one reading for Quran. Some say they are 7 and others say they are 14. What does that mean? Are there more than one Quran? Which reading is the correct one and why?...
16
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5answers
11k views

What are the origins of Shia and Sunni division?

Can anyone tell me about the origins of Shia and Sunni division? Why were two different groups of Muslims created? Allah didn't send us to live divided. No verse of Quran or Hadith suggest that as ...
14
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2answers
3k views

Why is the “crescent moon and star” being used as the symbol of Islam by some Muslims?

Is star and crescent a symbol of Islam? Is it a tradition or is it mentioned in the Qur'an?
13
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2answers
493 views

Does Islam have any official position(s) on the Gospel of Barnabas?

The Gospel of Barnabas is a text that turned up in the form of a couple 16th century manuscripts in Spanish and Italian. It makes a claim to originate from the witness of Barnabas the disciple of ...
12
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4answers
8k views

When Uthman burn many versions of Quran, how do we know that the burned one are the “wrong” ones?

Uthman burned many Qur'ans (I wonder why this doesn't create many riots). Each of the Qur'ans burned were slightly different than his official version. Uthman, not wanting different opinions, then ...
11
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4answers
14k views

Was the marriage of Aisha(RA) to Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) a divine decree?

Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) married Hazrat Aisha(RA) when she was only 9 years old and he was 53. He in fact proposed her when she was only 6. This sounds strange that the most genius person in the world ...
11
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2answers
2k views

Why Hz. Umar changed 8 rakah taraweeh to 20 rakah?

Apparently there are no recordings anywhere that the prophet (pbuh) prayed 20 rakah taraweeh. That the prophet (pbuh) prayed 8 rakah taraweeh. I understand that Umar (may allah be pleased with him) ...
11
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1answer
1k views

Fadak, Fatima and Abu baker [closed]

Fadak Belonged to Mohammad (PBUH). He gave it to her daughter Fatima (PBUH) as a gift (see e.g.??). It should have remained in her possession after he passed away. Even if it wasn't given as a gift, ...
10
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6answers
58k views

Where was the first Qibla of Islam?

Where was the first Qibla in Islam? Is there any verse in the Qur'an or hadith that established that Qibla? Why did Muslims pray towards Jerusalem?
10
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8answers
18k views

Did prophet Muhammad live a simple and humble life who had limited means?

We have been taught in schools that the Prophet lived a very simple and humble life. That is he hardly have enough food at home so that it would not last for the day. He would have patches in his ...
10
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3answers
2k views

Who washed the Prophet's(PBUH) Janaza?

Who were the persons(sahabas)R.A washed the Prophet's(PBUH) Janasa(deadbody)? Who was the Imam for the funeral prayer of Prophet(PBUH)?
10
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2answers
3k views

Why did Ali (a.s) order to be buried in secret?

It is said that Ali (a.s) asked his friends and family to bury him secretly. His burial was revealed only later during the Abbasid caliphate by Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (a.s), his descendant and the ...
10
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4answers
27k views

Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) footprint near the Kaaba

Here is a picture of Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) footprint near the Kaabah Is there any evidence that is definitely footprint of Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH)?
9
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3answers
11k views

Where are the master copies of the Quran kept?

According to Muslims, the Quran has never been altered by humans down the centuries and is today what it was when first narrated to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. For this to be true requires a master ...
9
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2answers
6k views

Are we all descendents of Noah (Nuh AS)?

When I heard the story of prophet Nuh (AS) I always assumed it was only him and his sons left in the whole entire world, but recently I've heard theories that only Nuh's tribe was drowned and other ...
9
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4answers
9k views

Why is the Hafs reading of the Qur'an so prevalent?

Of everything I've read, the Hafs-an-Asim reading of the Qur'an is used by the vast majority of Muslims (it's definitely the only I've ever seen or heard used in my area). I've even seen articles ...
9
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1answer
380 views

Where and when did the notion of “You must follow one madhhab exclusively” originate?

Can someone with knowledge on the evolution of fiqh pinpoint something in history about where this notion originated from? Today we hear from one side that following one madhhab exclusively is almost ...
9
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1answer
4k views

What is the origin of the Ja'fari Madhab (School of Jurisprudence)?

As is known, Ja'far Sadiq (جعفر الصادق) is one of the imams/scholars and Faqeehs of the Aalul Bait, and a number of scholars took from him like Malik and Abu Hanifah and others. But like many of the ...
9
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3answers
3k views

Do elves really exist?

I was reading through owari's answer here and he mentioned somewhere that The Humans and Elves have intellect by which they.....etc.. and I was quite shocked to know that he referred to Elves as ...
8
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1answer
772 views

Did prophet SAWW predict the death of Ammar?

It is said that prophet SAWW predicted about Ammar a.s. that the cruel group will kill him and the final thing he drinks will be milk. Is there any authentic hadith about this prediction?
8
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1answer
1k views

Who asked whom when The Prophet's daughter married Imam Ali (a.s).?

Is there any hadith to show which side first asked for marriage in the marriage of the daughter of The Prophet (SAWW) to Imam Ali (a.s.)?
8
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2answers
693 views

What theological and historical factors distinguish Ibadi Islam from either Shia or Sunni schools?

I'm learning much about the division of Shia and Sunni Islam from this wonderful primer by the Council on Foreign Relations. I'm understanding the main divisions resulting from the succession question ...
8
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3answers
649 views

Eid al-Adha: Why do Muslims slaughter animals remembering the sacrifice of Abraham?

Even though I am a non-muslim (Orthodox Hindu Brahmin), I am a rational person. I don't stick to my religion, but I study all religions and love all philosophies. It is by that I read the Qur'an and ...
8
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6answers
3k views

Did the prophet (PBUH) pay Zakat, if yes in what form?

We were told that the Prophet peace be upon him lived an extremely humble and poor life. He hardly have food at home for the next day. This is what we were told. Now that I have researched, I find ...
8
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2answers
440 views

Was hijab in public enforced legally in premodern times?

I sometimes come across claims that many of the obligations that Muslims have in Islam are a purely personal matter and were not legally enforced, historically. It's not quite clear to me which ...
7
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4answers
26k views

When and why did the tradition of woman not entering the mosque come into being?

Though according to the shariyah, women have equal rights of entering the mosque as the men. Even at the time of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) women used to enter the mosque with hijab and used to pray ...
7
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2answers
251 views

Does Islam allow critically analysing the lives of the Prophets?

Is it allowed in Islam to critically analyze the lives (events and happenings etc, discussed in the Quran, hadiths or accepted as historical facts) of Prophets, specially Muhammad (Peace be upon him)? ...
7
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8answers
15k views

Does Islam support pedophilia or child marriages?

Everyone know that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) married Ayesha (RA) when she was 6 and consummated when she was 9. So, does it mean Islam supports child marriages? If at all muslims consider ...
7
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1answer
8k views

What hadith mentions the ten companions (al-'Ashara al-Mubashara) in Jannah?

I have read somewhere that Prophet (SAW) himself told the good news to ten (10) of his companions that they will have a place in Jannah. These ten companions are called al-'Ashara al-Mubashara (العشرة ...
7
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1answer
258 views

What is the story of returning Jiziah (tax) to non-Muslims when Muslims were unable to defend them?

Sometime, somewhere I heard a story something like this from context: In one Muslim country when leaders were realized that they is going to be defeated by enemy, they started returning ...
7
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2answers
146 views

How were the Surahs of the Qur'an named?

I know maybe it's not a unfamiliar question in the Internet. I listened Islamic scholars such as Dr. Zakir - The idea that I've is that the names were created by humans to make more easy process's in ...
7
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1answer
7k views

Out of the Prophets mentioned in the Quran how many were known to comman man in 6th century in Arabia?

I read that Quran mentions 25 prophets by name. It is believed that there were many more prophets sent by the creator on earth. Is there any reason for mention of these 25 prophets only? On what ...
7
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2answers
358 views

Does Asharite atomism affirm that space & time must necessarily be atomic?

I've read (probably in wikipedia but can't track down the reference now) that the Asharite strand in Islamic theology couldn't accept that substance necessarily exists pre-eternally as the Quoran ...
7
votes
1answer
171 views

What different versions are there of the history of the Rashideen caliphs? Why?

I know there are at least two versions of the history of the first caliphs, i.e., how those people came to be caliphs: A simplified version, where the first three caliphs were elected by popular ...
7
votes
1answer
401 views

Are there any books written by female scholars?

Note: Maybe my question is too broad, but I hope for constructive comments to focus it more, but as I'm not aware of any "known" books of female scholars I'll keep it somehow open for the first draft! ...
7
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2answers
549 views

How Do Muslims Deal with “Difficult” Parts of Prophet Mohammed's Life? [closed]

First, this is not meant to be an insulting or hateful question. Please prayerfully consider answering it for the sake of a true seeker soul. I have long respected and honored Islam and the Prophet ...
7
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2answers
1k views

Did women in Arabian peninsula have “Hijab” before Islam?

I searched about but didn't find my answer and even asked some clergymen but no result! I know in the other religions women wore hijab like Jews but as we know in Arabian peninsula most people were ...
7
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1answer
3k views

How did Talha bin Ubaidullah die?

Talha bin Ubaidullah (may Allah be pleased with him) was one of the Ashara al-Mubasharîn bi-l-Janna. How did he die? Was it natural death? or, he died in battle? I would like to listen to both Sunni ...
7
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1answer
206 views

Who is considered Sayy'id and can this be proved?

As I know Say'id is descendant of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) but can anyone prove that they are one? The names Mir and Saeed/Sayeed/Said are usually used by those who claim to be the descendants of ...
7
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1answer
563 views

Is attendance to the Prophet more important than salah/prayer?

In the event when the was sun returned, technically rose from west to east, after having set. .. the revelation from Allah descended upon His Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, and it ...
7
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3answers
945 views

Is Daesh predominantly Salafi?

Is Daesh (also known as ISIS, ISIL, or Islamic State) predominantly Salafi? This article says ISIS is Salafi, but I've come across someone disputing that.
6
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4answers
3k views

Who was the Prophet's first wife?

I have some questions about the first wife of the Prophet. My questions are: What was her name? How did the prophet come to know her? How old was she? Who was her father? Who was her mother? But, ...
6
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2answers
5k views

Did Prophets prior to Muhammad live for hundreds of years?

According to many Ulama (scholars), Prophets prior to Muhammad (peace be upon them) lived for hundreds of years and so did the people of their Ummah, and Muhammad (pbuh) and his Ummah has the shortest ...
6
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4answers
7k views

How tall was Prophet Adam (PBUH)?

I was told Prophet Adam (PBUH) was very tall... Is that true and how tall?
6
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3answers
362 views

Intolerance in muslims

If you read the question carefully I ask Intolerance in "Muslims" and not Islam. Islam is one of the most tolerant religions of all, but one thing that's oxymoron is intolerance in Muslim fanatics. I ...
6
votes
3answers
312 views

Was alcohol permitted long ago, before Mohammad was born?

I have heard very long before, before Mohammad was born, alcohol was usual and was drunk by people. But after that it was stopped because people used to forget the rakat in namaz (salah/prayer) which ...
6
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1answer
9k views

Why did Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) order the killing of Ka'b bin Al-Ashraf?

This question is inspired by this question: How should insults to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) be handled? Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: The Prophet said, "Who is ready to kill Ka'b bin Al-...
6
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4answers
7k views

Why did Umar (RA) forbid Mutah (temporary marriage) after the death of the prophet?

I heard that Umar(RA) forbid Mutah marriage after the death of the Prophet(PBUH) and Abu Baker. What were his reasons for doing so ? Looking for answers from Sunni authentic sources.
6
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2answers
1k views

Are Muslim woman and man considered equal?

I know this is an obvious question, but I usually find some stories bias. Please include resources to back-up your opinion. Ok taking a very basic example...women can't look at the moon. And we ...