Questions tagged [history]

History pertaining to Islam, it's origin, spreading of Islam and others.

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is there any complete list of sana'a manuscript difference with current Qur'an, in terms of meaning?

I came accross Sana'a publication by Sadeghi (Sana'a and The Origins of Qur'an), but he only conclude some example of textual variation with standard qur'an. Table 1 gives a few examples, in ...
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Are there any Muslim references quoting the fast of ahl al-Kitab or earlier Prophets?

Allah the almighty says: O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous - (2:183) This means that fasting or sawm was ...
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Earliest record of opposition towards Mawlid

As far as I've researched, the earliest record of yearly Mawlid of Nabi SAW (between 12-17 Rabi Ul Awwal) is during the 1100s initiated by the fatimids [1]. What I want to know is when they started ...
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What is the source of the narration of Uthman ibn Affan letting his slave tweak his ear in retaliation, and is it authentic?

روى أن عثمان بن عفان رضي الله عنه دَعَك أُذُن عَبْدٍ له على ذنب فعله ، ثم قال له بعد ذلك : تقدم واقرص أذني ، فامتنع العبد فألح عليه ، فبدأ يقرص بخفة ، فقال له : اقرص جيداً ، فإني لا أتحمل عذاب يوم ...
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Was Abdul Mutalib Muslim?

Was the grandfather of Rasolullah, Abdul Mutalib, Muslim? I couldn't find much about him, maybe I'm missing some narrations.
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Madh'hab view from famous muhadditheens [closed]

I heard that famous scholars like Imam Bhukhari[rah], Imam Muslim[rah] were born after the period of Imams of Maddhabs(Abuhanifa[rah],Shafi[rah]). So,they should heard about Fiqh(Maddhab) and they ...
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When calculating moon phases and prayer times found acceptance among the scholars?

After posting the question Are questions on the historical inauguration of some "utilities" or "methods" on topic? on meta I finally decided to ask ask it here: I'm pretty sure ...
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To what extent can Shura (consultation of Muslims) be used for selecting Caliph?

Shura (mutual consultation) is clearly prescribed in the Qur'an, as follows: وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَىٰ بَيْنَهُمْ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ ...
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Was King David a Muslim?

Someone mentioned, in a comment on one of my previous questions, that Muslims believe that King David was a Muslim. Is this indeed the generally held belief across the Muslim world? How can this be? ...
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Do children of Muslims have the “seed of Islam”?

From an MSNBC interview with Franklin Graham (starting about 3:05): Reporter: You've said in the past that President Obama's father was Muslim, so that President Obama has the seed of Islam, I ...
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Did Prophet Mohammed Kill Anyone in a battle?

Everyone knows Prophet Mohammed fought in battles. But did the Prophet Mohammed kill anyone with his own hand? Please give proper references, thanks.
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Did women sacrifice?

Did women in the lifetime of Mohammad (peace be upon him) and the Sahabah offer sacrifice on eid azha?
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Why did the women in Sura 12.30-31 cut their hands when they saw how “beautiful” Joseph was?

I'm reading Sura 12, the narrative on Joseph's life, and I don't think I quite understand the historical context for why the women at the banquet cut their hands with a knife when they saw how ...
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In what ways did Muhammad's teachings improve the status of women?

A friend of mine has claimed that, historically, Islam and its prophet Muhammad's statements have improved the status of women compared to the earlier social or religious systems that they replaced. ...
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858 views

Why is there a difference in the names of prophets between Muslims, Christians and Jews?

Why is there a difference between the names of prophets in christianity, islam and Judaism, for example we refer to Jesus (AS) as Isa(AS). How did this difference occur and why? A name is a name no ...
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Were pigs made haram because they were going to be extinct?

Unfortunately I cannot provide citation for this as I read it online years ago. But an Islamic scholar mentioned that his belief (I admired this scholar as he encouraged Muslims to learn and interpret ...
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Is it OK to put Radiyallahu Anhu after Muawiya bin Abu Sufyan who was not a rightly guided caliph?

I really find no reason to apply a blanket "Radiyallahu Anhu"(Allah is pleased with him) to all Sahaba specially those involved in fighting with Ahlebayt and breaking pledge with Hasan A.S? Also I ...
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How the conflict between these two verse of Quran can be solved?

First verse says: And whoever turns his back to them on such a day, unless swerving [as a strategy] for war or joining [another] company, has certainly returned with anger [upon him] from Allah,...
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What does the “Taqlid Period, after the formation of Madhabs and the closing of the gate of ijtihad” refer to?

A. Maftuhin, The Historiography of Islamic Law: The Case of Tarikh al-Tashri' Literature, Al-Jāmi‘ah: J. Islamic Studies, 2016 (URL), writes: Islamic law used to be powerful, and now it suffered a ...
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Why did Muhammad (s.a.w.) wear a cloak in surah 74 (al-Muddaththir)? Out of fear of his first encounter with the Angel Jibreel?

In surah 74, we read that the Prophet Mohammad (s.a.w.) asked his wife Khadija to cover him in a cloak repeatedly after he heard the words of the Angel Jibreel telling him to "Recite!" Did he ask to ...
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How can one check isnad?

To verify the hadith one have to verify isnad. My question is how to check Isnad? mean to say is there any early book of Islam (Authentic) in which the series of connection between narrator are ...
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What is meant by the Kunya name of the Prophet?

Hadith 110, from Sahih al-Bukhari is narrated by Abu Hurraira; and he had said: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Name yourselves with my name (use my name) but do not name yourselves with my Kunya name (i.e. ...
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When was the date of the appointment of Mohammad as prophet?

I was wondering about the date of the appointment of Prophet Mohammad (His prophetic mission). Do you know when its date is? Both Sunni and Shia view welcomed. I'd be grateful if you present some ...
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Why are there no historical records of Islamic practices before Muhammad?

I apologize in advance if any of the assumptions in my question are incorrect, as I am not extremely familiar with Muslim history or practice. My understanding is that Muslims believe that Islam was ...
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Where does the concept of Holy Friday come from in Islam? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why are the most important services in Islam held on Fridays? Islam is a true Ibrahimic religion just like Christianity. But in Christianity the holy day is considered Sunday, ...
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How did “an atom's weight” come to be mentioned in translations of the Qur'an?

IslamWeb lists Qur'an 10:61 as a miracle of the Qur'an (That matter is made up of sub-atomic particles (chapter 10, verse 61).). The verse is: وَمَا تَكُونُ فِي شَأْنٍ وَمَا تَتْلُو مِنْهُ مِن ...
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564 views

How did 'Abdullah know that Muhammad answered the questions correctly?

In Sahih Bukhari 5:55:546, it's noticed that 'Abdullah bin Salam asks a series of questions he mentions only a prophet knows the answers to, the answers are answered and he recognizes Muhammad as the ...
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Does Aisha witnessing her father's migration to Abyssinia imply she could not have consummated her marriage at age 9?

In How old was Aisha when she married the Prophet (s)?, Dr. Jasser Auda◊ writes about ahadith describing Aisha's age of consummation: ... Unexpectedly Allah's Apostle came to me in the forenoon and ...
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At what age did Mohammed(PBUH) passed away?

At what age did Mohammed(PBUH) passed away ? According to hadith literature it vary between 60 , 63 and 65. Which is the correct age at which Prophet passed away? Age of 60 Bukhari Volume 7, Book ...
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Did Ibn Tayyimia Order Jihad against the druze, alavites and Shiites?

This Wiki articles claims of a fatwa by Shaikh Ibn Tayyimmia on obligation of Jihad against Druze, Shiites and other claimed heretical sects. What is the source of the fatwa , can anyone quote the ...
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How were khutbahs given before invention of microphone?

How exactly did the Imam read the Qirat or deliver a Khutbah in the past before the invention of the microphone so as to make a group of 1000 - 2000 people hear him? In some case the population ...
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Was Ali ibn Abu Talib elected as caliph by the Umma

After Othman ibn Affan, the 3rd caliph, was assassinated, did the ummah elect Ali ibn Abu Talib, the prophet's cousin and son in law, to be the next caliph in an election?
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Sahaba who married Christians and Jews

I wanted to know about the Sahabas who married christians and jews and whose wives did not accept Islam even after the marriage, for e.g. Muawiya I had one wife who was a jacobit christian, though i ...
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Is Prophet Muhammed(PBUH) part of Ibrahims(PBUH)'s family?

One of my Christian friend and I were discussing about Islam and Christianity. I am not well versed with Prophets and their history. He told me that in the Bible, it is said that the descendants of ...
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Interior of Kaaba

During the hajj, pilgrims circumambulate the Kaaba but do not enter the building. I was curious about its interior and found this image. Do the three pillars have any religious significance other ...
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Which festival is mentioned in Quran 20:59 as appointment of Pharaoh and Moses?

You will see in chapter=20 verse=59 a day called یوم الزینة mentioned in Qur'an: قَالَ مَوْعِدُكُمْ يَوْمُ الزِّينَةِ وَأَن يُحْشَرَ النَّاسُ ضُحًى [Moses] said, "Your appointment is on the ...
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Where is the grave of Prophet Muhammad’s father?

I would like to know the exact location of where Prophet Muhammad's (Peace and blessings be upon him) father was buried? Where is his grave?
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What is the history of Jummah namaz?

It is known that we were ordered to pay namaz 5 times a day by ALLAH HIMSELF . I don't have any references , nor do I have much knowledge can somebody please help with a little history for Jummah ...
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Are there any secular scholars who explore Muhammad's reasons for not being explicit about succession?

I have tried to understand why Muhammad was not explicit about succession, but all I have found are sectarian answers. One group says Muhammad was explicit, another group says Muhammad deliberately ...
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Were the ancient Israelites of a darker skin tone?

I have seen ancient depictions of the ancient Israelites and there features were different than I expected. Linguistic experts have stated that hebrew is one of the early Asiatic-African languages. ...
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Prophets & Their Eras

I wanted to know -- out of historical interest -- approximately how long back some well-known Prophets (Allah's Peace & Blessings on them all) lived. By approximation (and I may be wrong), I can ...
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Why do mosques use geometric tessellations as decoration?

An argument for this; is that they cannot rely on representational art, as is done in Hindu & Christian tradition. It would be disobeying the Quranic command against idols. In, a positive sense, ...
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What is behind the statement “Where it not 'Iyad the Maghrib would be unknown”?

There's a famous quote around al-Qadi 'Iyad القاضي عياض بن موسى, which is often mentioned: لولا عياض لما عُرف المغرب or لولا عياض ما عرف المغرب Which one may translate: Where it not 'Iyad the ...
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Did ulama actively oppose the caliphate's expansionism?

Wikipedia has a decent overview over early conquests of the Islamic empire. The expansion seems to have been one of the most rapid in history. I'm not aware of any Muslim scholar who opposed the ...
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Are there any tenets of Sunni Islam that started out as a revolutionary idea that were resisted by the majority Sunni consensus at the time?

This Q came up as I learnt about Sheikh Mustapha Rashid’s fatwa about hijab not being compulsory going against current Sunni consensus. Since Ijma is a core Sunni principle, I wonder if there is any ...
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Which of the prophets and messengers are known to have drunk alcohol (if any)?

Drinking alcohol is haram: They ask you about wine and gambling. Say, "In them is great sin and [yet, some] benefit for people. But their sin is greater than their benefit." And they ask you what ...
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Status of al Waqidi as a narrator?

I know there is a lot of criticism for Al-Waqidi by the scholars and muhadditheen (scholars of hadith). They accuse him of being a liar and unreliable. But some scholars say he is trustworthy, such as ...
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If the Bani Hashim were so weak by Muhammad's day, how could Abu Talib protect him from the powerful Quraysh?

I asked a related question earlier, trying to understand the sudden, catastrophic decline of the Bani Hashim from the high point during the early adulthood of Abd al-Muttalib to the low point at the ...
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Why is prophet Muhammad different from other prophets and why this makes him so important?

Why is prophet Muhammad different from other prophets and why does this make him so important?
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From when and which perspective Imam and Muajjin of Masjid started to get paid?

As far I know, in the age of Nabi (sm.), sahabi (ra.), tabeyin (rh.), tabe-tabeyin (rh.), there was no instance of paying Imam and Muajjin (Muadhin/Muezzin) of Masajid. But now-a-days, we see, in ...