Questions tagged [history]

History pertaining to Islam, it's origin, spreading of Islam and others.

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2answers
1k views

Was alcohol prohibited to the previous nations?

The Jews and the Christians, both, do not find anything banning alcohol in their scriptures and hence they consider it permissible. It is also known that alcohol was not prohibited in the early days ...
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1answer
150 views

Origins of Taqlid

Who was the originator of the doctrine of Taqlid? Which school of thought,if any in particular,propounded it first? And the term"doors of ijtihad are closed",what are the origins of this later term as ...
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Different versions of Arabic Qur'an

Tanzil.net writes: The Medina Mushaf ... publishes the holy quran according to three famous narration, i.e., Hafs, Warsh, and Ad-Duriyy. The Quran text provided by Tanzil is based on the Medina ...
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Did Prophet Muhammad really believe what he said is the word of God?

I want to make a disclaimer first. I am not a follower of Islam or any other religion for that matter. I like to maintain a neutral perspective. I've been reading this book No God but God by Reza ...
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Did Muslim women possess male slaves as their right hand?

'What their right hand possess' is a phrase used a number of times in the Holy Quran. Does it refer only to the female slaves that the men had? Did the women not possess any male slaves? If they did ...
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5answers
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Why was Quran not compiled at the time of the Prophet?

In the holy Quran, Quran is mentioned numerous time as the book It is He who has sent down to you, [O Muhammad], the Book; (3:7) In the last sermon of the prophet, the prophet said I leave ...
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3answers
497 views

Are the Sunni madh'habs limited to 4?

Usually it is said that Sunni schools of fiqh are 4 (Hanbali, Shafi'i, Maliki, Hanafi). Is it true that some Sunni scholars like Abubakr, Ahmad and Bayhaqi had a higher level of knowledge than ...
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411 views

What caused the decline of the Bani Hashim, what form did the decline take, and why did it happen so quickly?

Every biography I've read so far says that by the time of Muhammad's (pbuh) birth, the fortunes of his clan, the Bani Hashim, had declined considerably. But I'm confused about the cause of this ...
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Why the Jewish Pesach or Passover and the Islamic 'Ashura' don't fall on the same day?

As far as I know the Jewish calendar is (or was) a lunar calendar as our Islamic calendar. And among Muslims the hadith of ibn 'Abbas saying that Jews in Medina used to fast the 10th of Muharram is ...
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1answer
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Who were sentenced to death during the conquest of Mecca?

We know that despite declaring a general indemnity, a few individuals of the Mecca were sentenced to death by the Prophet, even if they were found under the veil of Kaba. My question is: The source ...
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1answer
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Why 9th rabi-ul-awwal is celebrated as ed-e-zehra?

I want to know ,what is the significance of 9th Rabi-ul-awwal ? Shia believes that on this day Mukhtar-al-Saqafi had send the heads of the killer's of imam Hussein to his family, after looking at ...
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558 views

Did Masjid e Nabawi had two Muezzins during the Prophet's lifetime simultaneously?

There are two Hadiths that I recently came across: 'A'ishah reported: Ibn Umm Maktum was the mu'adhdhin of the Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) and he was blind. Sunan Abi Dawud 535 and ...
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Was the name Friday/Jumua known before Islam?

Based on this Question and as we know that all weekdays in Arabic are associated with a number: Sunday =al-Ahad - 1 الأحد Monday =al-Ithnayn - 2 الاثنين Tuesday = a-Thulata' - 3 الثلاثاء Wednesday = ...
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1answer
834 views

Did the Prophet(pbuh) marry his wife “Maymunah” after the revelation of Quran 33:52?

With the verse Quran 33:52, Muhammad(PBUH) was not allowed to take any new wives or change them for other wives. Not lawful to you, [O Muhammad], are [any additional] women after [this], nor [is ...
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How many of 124000 prophets were Arab?

Someone said that there were solely four (4) Arab prophets between those 124000 prophets (Nabis). So it was not rational for me as an actual statistics, because seemingly majority of prophets were in ...
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1answer
541 views

Did ahlul bayt celebrate mawlid?

I just wanted to know if any school of thought has proof that the mawlid was celebrated by the ahlul bayt and/or if the prophet celebrated anyone's birthday while he was alive. I am not interested in ...
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Which Sahaba were Jews and Christians before they became Muslim?

The Prophet had non-Arab Companions which converted to Islam. As they were non-Arab, their first religion wouldn't have been Arabian paganism, but something like Judaism or Christianity with the ...
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452 views

Should Muslims study other cultures/religions in order to seek knowledge?

Islam has given great importance to the process of seeking knowledge. We (Muslims) believe that non muslims seeking knowledge is very important, as it is the key element to find and follow the right ...
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160 views

Do these accounts of military offensives under Abu Bakr align with Muslim historical scholarship?

I must make it absolutely clear that I am not passing judgment, and I am not seeking explanations or justifications. I am not interested in whether the Rashidun military offensives were right or wrong....
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1answer
364 views

How has Twelver Shia evolved through the past 14 centuries, particularly during the Safavid era?

Derived from this Question and this Answer is a question about the history of the Twelver Shia branch of Islam. Would you please notify in short how did this branch evolved through the ages with focus ...
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Is Ibn Saba a real person in History of Islam or just a myth?

I see sometimes his story is used as evidence. but as I know he is only mentioned in one book Tabari and the narrator of this story who Tabari said his name in his book is not known as a reliable ...
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What was the justification for attacking or fighting the Persians in 'Iraq by the Caliphs Abu bakr and 'Omar?

I mean fighting for the ridda wars at least seems obvious. People have refused to pay Zakat and became against the Muslim rulers by for example following the false prophets like Musailimah and Sajjah....
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527 views

Can we demonstrate that the Quran is perfectly preserved? [closed]

I want you guys to prove it to me that the Quran is perfectly preserved. When I say this, I mean I want you to prove it to me that there is an absolute 0% chance that any verse/surah was removed, lost,...
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Why did Caliph Umar ban women from attending mosques?

From Gender segregation and Muslims, Wikipedia: The second caliph Umar also prohibited women from attending mosques especially at night because he feared they may be sexually harassed or assaulted ...
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1answer
598 views

Did the prophet ever establish a formal educational system?

It is a well-known sunnah that Muslims should seek knowledge; the prophet himself would spread knowledge by teaching others (and recommend the same of his followers). All incidents I know thereof ...
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What is the Islamic interpretation of Jesus? [duplicate]

I read in an article that Muslims believe and recognize Jesus as a holy, or at least historical figure. That got me curious, what is the historical significance of Jesus in the Islamic faith? How does ...
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What was Palestine called in the Quran?

Recently I was talking to a Jewish friend about which religion has more claim to Palestine. He was claiming that Jews do, since Jews come from Judea (an area in Palestine) and it was called this for a ...
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Why was Islam revealed 1400 years ago when it could not be properly recorded?

Islam is the religion of truth and Quran is the words of God. But why was it revealed in an era where it cannot be properly recorded and propagated. Communication was mostly from person to person or ...
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Did Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan become the ruler of Muslims in a legitimate way?

Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan ruled Islamic Caliphate from 661 till 680. Did he come to the power in a legitimate way (according to Quran and hadith)? I am only interested in the views of Sunni Muslim ...
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Who went around the Kabah naked before Prophet Muhammad forbade it?

I was reading the Qur'an (in English) and stumbled upon this: And when they commit a Fahisha (evil deed, going round the Kabah in naked state, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.), they ...
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Why Muhammad is considered as messanger of God and peace

I am a Hindu who knows very little about Islam. Recently I read an article on Wikipedia about Conversion of non-Muslim places of worship into mosques. If Mohammad converted many religious places ...
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925 views

Where were the stories of the sahaba recorded?

There are many stories about the sahaba such as the story of how Umar ibn al khattab reverted to islam that are very well known, and are retold in various lectures and sermons by religious figures. ...
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486 views

Relation between the Ahl Bayt and Ahlu Sunnah in the early days

How was the relationship between the Ahl-Bayt, particuarly the Imams from Ahlul Bayt or the top authority with the Ahl-Sunnah and those popular among them. Was it hostile, normal or friendly? The ...
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What is the reason for praying 20 rakaats in taraweeh?

It is clear that our prophet(PBUH) prayed 8 rakaats for taraweeh. But, I saw most of the masjids having 20 rakaats for taraweeh. since, Umar(R.A) made the taraweeh to 20 rakaats. What is the reason ...
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Why did the Prophet go back to Madina after conquest of Makkah?

Why did Prophet Muhammed (SAW) go back to Madina after conquest of Makkah? Was it an order from Allah or a personal preference?
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162 views

What circumstances are concubines allowed these days?

Concubines used to exist commonly before. Under what circumstances would they be allowed today?
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Is Islam the oldest religion?

I walked past a group preaching Islam on the street the other day and something they said piqued my interest. They were repeatedly describing Islam is the 'oldest' religion. I wanted to know more, ...
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What is the stance of Muslim scholars on relationship of Prophet Muhammad with Maria Qibti?

I am a Muslim and came around a discussion with an atheist friend. He asked me this question, that why Prophet Muhammad had relationship with Maria Qibti, though they were not married. They had a son ...
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1answer
168 views

Where was the first wall put inside a Mosque?

For example, there is no wall separating men and women around the Kaba which is the Grand Mosque. Every where else that I know of, except for one in Denmark, has a wall separating men and women. ...
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Confusion in regards the spread of Islam!

I have been doing some research in regards to how Islam was spread, which has left me confused on one point. In summary, some sources suggest that Islam has only been spread in scenarios of self ...
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1answer
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Why Latin in Anno Hegirae?

I just discovered the term "Anno Hegirae" for the first time (I'm not Muslim). I'm curious, why does the term use Latin rather than Arabic? Is there a version of the term in Arabic? What is that ...
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Did Muslim actually quote a hadith from his teacher al-Bukhari in his sahih?

It is well known that Muslim ibn al-Hajaj was one of the students of imam al-Bukhari. But did he actually quote in his sahih any hadith which he directly heard from al-Bukhari? The point is that ...
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624 views

Is it likely that the sana'a manuscript was an accepted reading of the Quran?

My question is a bit broad and opinion based so I think I first have to add some of my research and analyzes in order for you to answer. I am not looking for an absolute answer, but more a "good guess"...
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280 views

Were Muslims allowed to buy slaves?

I know Muslims were allowed to keep captives of war, and although this is hypothetical, were they allowed to buy slaves from other people (i.e. non-Muslims whose slaves were from other sources) or was ...
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353 views

What exactly were the problems Muhammad experienced due to being an orphan?

The biographies of Muhammad that I am reading talk only generally about it being problematic to be an orphan. They mention very few specifics. There seems to have been a stigma about orphans, but the ...
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Where did the -unmarried- daughters of the Prophet (peace be upon him) stay after the death of their mother Khadija (May Allah be pleased with her)?

Maybe I have missed somthing in our history so I hope to be remained: I'd like to know what was the home at which the daughters of the Prophet (peace be upon him) like Fatima (May Allah be pleased ...
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What is the significance of 22nd rajab in the history of Islam (Shia view)?

I have seen Shias celebrate the 22nd Rajab (the seventh Arabic lunar month) by making special cookies and sweet dishes, and by visiting each other. What is the importance of 22nd Rajab in Islamic ...
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Should the poetry of the Quriesh regarding the happening of the Elephant be trusted?

As is known, Quriesh witnessed the happening of the Elephant when Abraha and his Army intended to destroy the Ka'bah. But Allah sent Birds, and made the army like field of broken grass[1]. The ...
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Were there any other religions before Islam that their followers should convert to Islam?

You could imagine that with the advent of a new religion, any followers of the last religion would be required to convert to the new religion. Which followers of which religion converted to Islam, ...
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Did the stories in Quran happen as is, or are they symbolizing different and more common events?

You all should know the stories (I'm sorry, I don't know if the word "story" is appropriate to address them. In my language it is rude, but I don't find a better word in English.) in Quran. Like Moses ...